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Table 1 Country profile: Mozambique and Zambia (2009–2010)

From: Task-shifting: experiences and opinions of health workers in Mozambique and Zambia

  Mozambique Zambia
Area (km2) 801 590 752 618
Population 22 million (2008) 13 million (2008)
Urbanisation rate 37% 35%
Gross national product/purchasing power parity per capita (int $) 770 1230
Population living on < $1/day 74.7% 64.3%
Human Development Index (2010) (both countries are below the Sub-Saharan Africa average) 0.317, 0.425,
Adult literacy (2000–2007) 44% 71%
Health indicators Life expectancy at birth (years) 42.1 42.4
Maternal mortality/100 000 live births 520 830
  Infant mortality/1000 live births 90 92
  Malaria mortality/100 000 population 92 121
  Tuberculosis in people positive for HIV/100 000 population 36 18
  Prevalence of HIV in people 15–49 years of age 12.5% 15.2%
Human resources for health situation Assisted deliveries 48% 47%
Physicians/10 000 population <0.5 1
Nurses and midwives/10 000 population 3 7
  Pharmaceutical personnel/10 000 population <0.5 <0.5
  Dental personnel/10 000 population <0.5 <0.5
  1. HIV: human immunodeficiency virus.
  2. Source: WHO. World Health Statistics 2010 and hdrstats.undp.org/en/countries/profiles/.