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Table 1 Results from the thematic synthesis of the literature

From: Ten principles of good interdisciplinary team work

Themes Characteristics
Climate • Interprofessional atmosphere • Team culture • Trust
• Valued contributions • Nurturing consensus • Participative safety
   • Personal qualities
Communication • Formal/Informal structures • Completion/Reading care plans • Use of shared case notes
• Intra-team communication   • Regular case conferences
Individual characteristics • Knowledge/experience • Interpersonal team relationships • Common goals
• Interpersonal skills • Listening skills • Different opinions/perceptions
• Personal characteristics • Understanding own role/others roles • Exploring/Acceptance role overlap
Interdependence • Mutual support • Willingness to share • Professional synergy
• Reciprocity within team • Team relationships  
Leadership • Role of physicians •Need for chairperson role  
Learning • Action based learning • Nurturing a learning culture • Training within clinical teams
• Interprofessional learning   
Patient focus • Patient centeredness • Outcomes focus • Team care planning and discussion
• Holistic care • Timely interventions • Impacts of reduced contact time
Perceptions • Differing perceptions of own role, others roles, team work   
Power • Equality of relationships • Hierarchical/traditional role of medicine • Assertiveness/confidence
• Power/Status • Reluctance to voice opinions • Scapegoat (Victimization)
Problem solving/decision-making • Proactive approach • Physician role  
• Creativity   
Professional commitment • Professional identity • Professional jargon • Tensions/rivalry
• Role expectations • Knowledge/skills • Jealousy
Roles • Autonomy • Role enactment • Role boundaries/delineation/decision making
• Role modeling • Role clarity
Skills • Core professional competencies, skills, tasks • Sharing of knowledge/information/skills • Differing levels of skill acquisition
Structures • Organizational factors • Goal planning • Time
• Team building • Common location • Team meetings/case conferences
Team characteristics • Capacity • Size • Accessibility after hours
• Dynamics/Balance • Membership
Values • Philosophy • Shared goals/objectives • Practice context
  • Staff commitment   • Positive attitude