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Table 3 Baseline and 12-month skills assessment results (based on a 5-point scale; 1 = no ability, 5 = high ability)

From: Establishing a health information workforce: innovation for low- and middle-income countries

Topic area Mean baseline ± SD Mean 1 year ± SD n
Excel:
  Create tables 3.39 ± 0.99 3.97 ± 1.05* 31
  Perform calculations 3.27 ± 1.29 4.10 ± 0.89** 30
  Create graphs 3.26 ± 1.13 4.13 ± 0.92** 31
Word:
  Write letters/memos 4.10 ± 0.98 4.71 ± 0.59** 31
  Format text 4.10 ± 1.01 4.42 ± 0.92 31
  Create tables 3.70 ± 1.02 4.67 ± 0.66*** 30
  Insert graphics 3.15 ± 1.20 4.00 ± 1.33** 27
PowerPoint:
  Create presentations 1.94 ± 1.34 3.97 ± 1.05*** 31
Access:
  Input data 1.86 ± 1.13 1.90 ± 1.18 29
  Generate reports 1.62 ± 1.02 1.86 ± 1.19 29
E-mail:
  Send e-mails 4.23 ± 1.15 4.45 ± 1.06 31
Team work:
  Effectively communicate 3.61 ± 0.92 3.35 ± 1.02 31
  Design projects/programs 3.87 ± 1.04 3.50 ± 1.28 30
Data quality:
  Check validity 3.35 ± 1.02 4.00 ± 1.07* 31
  Implement procedures to improve 3.19 ± 1.20 3.90 ± 0.98* 31
Data analysis:
  Interpret data 3.55 ± 0.96 3.87 ± 0.85 31
  Aggregate data 3.81 ± 1.11 3.48 ± 1.03 31
  Assess data consistency 2.81 ± 1.22 3.10 ± 1.11 31
  Use data from more than one source 2.61 ± 1.46 2.81 ± 0.98 31
Epidemiology:
  Knowledge of basics 1.97 ± 1.27 1.97 ± 1.02 29
Assessment:
  Develop relevant questions 2.38 ± 1.24 2.48 ± 0.99 29
  Understand different questions and designs get different results 2.27 ± 1.02 2.30 ± 1.02 30
  Design strategies & tools 2.34 ± 1.26 2.28 ± 0.88 29
Program planning:
  Support programs to use data 1.73 ± 0.91 2.47 ± 0.97** 30
Monitoring:
  Propose indicators 2.10 ± 1.08 3.00 ± 0.97*** 31
  Work with program to identify inputs, outputs, and impacts 2.52 ± 1.26 2.90 ± 1.08 31
Evaluation:
  Recommend evaluation questions 2.52 ± 0.96 2.94 ± 1.12 31
  Use qualitative and quantitative data 2.61 ± 1.17 2.55 ± 1.00 31
  Triangulate data 1.65 ± 0.84 1.71 ± 1.04 31
  Support program managers in conducting evaluations 2.16 ± 1.16 2.45 ± 1.03 31
Dissemination:
  Public speaking 2.93 ± 1.11 2.97 ± 1.19 30
  Write evaluation report 2.43 ± 1.14 2.87 ± 1.20* 30
  Effectively communicate results 2.83 ± 1.20 3.17 ± 1.10 29
Use data for programmatic decision-making 3.14 ± 1.43 3.52 ± 1.18 29
Self-assessment:
  Self-assessmentIdentify personal strengths and weaknesses 3.63 ± 1.16 3.73 ± 1.08 30
  Self-assessmentIdentify skills areas needing improvement 3.80 ± 1.13 3.83 ± 1.18 30
  1. * p < 0.05 based on a paired t-test.
  2. **p < 0.05 based on a paired t-test.
  3. ***p < 0.001 based on a paired t-test.