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Table 1 Characteristics of the health workforce

From: The effects of health worker motivation and job satisfaction on turnover intention in Ghana: a cross-sectional study

   District, n (%)  
Demographic and work-related characteristics All respondents (n = 256), n (%) Akwapim North (n = 91, 36%) Upper Manya Krobo (n = 53, 21%) Kwahu West (n = 112, 44%) P b
Female gender 211 (82.4) 74 (81.3) 43 (81.1) 94 (83.9) 0.855
Age (years)      
 < 30 121 (47.3) 37 (40.7) 36 (67.9) 48 (42.9) 0.038 a
 30 to 39 45 (17.6) 17 (18.7) 6 (11.3) 22 (19.6)  
 40 to 49 23 (9.0) 9 (9.9) 1 (1.9) 13 (11.61)  
 ≥ 50 67 (26.2) 28 (30.8) 10 (18.87) 29 (25.9)  
Marital status      
 Single 108 (42.4) 39 (42.9) 36 (67.9) 33 (29.7) < 0.001 a
 Married 128 (50.2) 46 (50.6) 15 (28.3) 67 (60.4)  
 Divorced/widowed 19 (7.5) 6 (6.6) 2 (3.8) 11 (9.9)  
Qualification      
 Certificate 183 (71.5) 68 (74.7) 43 (81.1) 72 (64.3) 0.005 a
 Diploma 47 (18.4) 9 (9.9) 9 (17.0) 29 (25.9)  
 Higher 23 (10.2) 14 (15.4) 1 (1.9) 11 (9.8)  
 Years in profession, median 4 4 2 6 0.001 ac
Years working in current health facility      
 ≤ 1 79 (30.9) 33 (36.3) 27 (50.9) 19 (17.0) < 0.001 a
 > 1 and ≤ 3 57 (22.3) 20 (22.0) 15 (28.3) 22 (19.6)  
 > 3 and ≤ 5 35 (13.7) 11 (12.1) 5 (9.4) 19 (17.0)  
 > 5 85 (33.2) 27 (29.7) 6 (11.3) 52 (46.4)  
Type of health facility      
 Hospital 158 (61.7) 50 (55.0) 24 (45.3) 84 (75.0) < 0.001 a
 Health centre/CHPS 98 (38.3) 41 (45.0) 29 (54.7) 28 (25.0)  
Profession      
  Doctors 11 (4.3) 4 (4.4) 1 (1.9) 6 (5.3) 0.004 a
  Nursing professions 212 (82.9) 74 (81.4) 49 (92.5) 89 (79.4)  
  Registered nurses 48 (18.8) 17 (18.7) 9 (17.0) 22 (19.6)  
  Midwives 34 (13.3) 11 (12.1) 7 (13.2) 16 (14.3)  
  Auxiliary nurses 34 (13.3) 16 (17.6) 10 (18.9) 8 (7.1)  
  CHNs 63 (24.6) 21 (23.1) 22 (41.5) 20 (17.9)  
  Health care/ward assistants 33 (12.9) 9 (9.9) 1 (1.9) 23 (20.5)  
  AHW/Pharmacists 33 (12.9) 13 (14.2) 3 (5.7) 17 (15.2)  
  1. astatistical significance P < 0.05; bChi-square test; cKruskal-Wallis test.
  2. CHPS: Community-based Health Planning and Services; CHN: community health nurse; AHW: allied health worker.