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Table 4 Practitioners per million population in 2011, by cadre, inside and outside capital cities

From: Mapping human resources for eye health in 21 countries of sub-Saharan Africa: current progress towards VISION 2020

  n countries Country mean Inside capital Outside capital
mean (range) mean (range)
Ophthalmologists 20 1.8 10.8 (2.0 to 29.7) 0.7 (0.0 to 3.2)
Cataract Surgeons 18 1.1 2.3 (0.0 to 12.1) 1.0 (0.0 to 9.5)
All surgeons 20 2.8 12.9 (4.0 to 29.7) 1.7 (0.2 to 9.5)
OCOs 7 3.0 8.5 (0.0 to 19.9) 2.4 (0.3 to 6.5)
Ophthalmic Nurses 17 9.0 19.3 (1.2 to 69.3) 7.6 (0.0 to 39.5)
All OCOs/Nurses 19 9.2 20.5 (1.2 to 69.3) 7.7 (0.7 to 39.5)
Optometrists 15 2.0 10.6 (0.0 to 51.8) 0.9 (0.0 to 3.8)
Mid-level refractionists 16 2.6 8.4 (0.0 to 39.6) 1.8 (0.0 to 8.6)
All refractionists 16 4.2 16.7 (0.0 to 64.4) 2.5 (0.0 to 9.3)
  1. Table legend: ‘0’ practitioners in countries where individual cadres do not exist have been excluded in analyses of mean proportions for individual cadres and considered to be zero when cadres are combined. Botswana: location data for ophthalmic nurses comes from the government sector only. Ghana: data on ophthalmologists and optometrists does not include practitioners in the private sector. Malawi: ‘capital’ was interpreted as the three largest cities in the country. Uganda: data for mid-level refractionists does not include practitioners in the private sector. Figures in bold indicate ratios for combined categories of practitioners.