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Table 2 Ranking of training needs according to pre-determined themes/domains, n = 275

From: Continuing professional development training needs of medical laboratory personnel in Botswana

Training needs Ranking
  Most important n (%) Moderate importance n (%) Low importance n (%) No response n (%)
Quality management systems
Quality system essentials for medical laboratory 230 (84) 20 (7) 8 (3) 17 (6)
Implementing a quality management system 230 (84) 23 (8) 4(2) 18 (7)
Techniques to identify and control sources of errors in laboratory procedures 220 (80) 29 (11) 5 (2) 21 (8)
Management of non-conformances in laboratory services 213 (78) 37 (14) 6 (2) 19 (7)
Use of external quality assessment to improve testing procedures 202 (74) 39 (14) 9 (3) 25 (9)
Internal quality control and Westgard rules 211 (77) 33 (12) 8(3) 23 (8)
Laboratory accreditation: principles and processes 211 (77) 35 (13) 6 (2) 23 (8)
Clinical laboratory safety 209 (76) 35 (13) 10 (4) 21 (8)
Technical competence
Evidence-based laboratory medicine 188 (68) 52 (19) 12 (4) 23 (8)
Evaluation and selection of analytical methods and equipment 193 (70) 54 (20) 9 (3) 19 (7)
Definition, establishment, and use of reference ranges 192 (70) 49 (18) 12 (4) 22 (8)
Health informatics 149 (54) 89 (32) 10 (4) 27 (10)
Point of care testing 122 (44) 99 (36) 32 (12) 22 (8)
Statistics in laboratory medicine 180 (66) 68 (25) 11 (4) 16 (6)
Specimen management 201 (73) 36 (13) 15 (6) 23 (8)
Molecular diagnostic methods and genetics 190 (69) 59 (22) 14 (5) 12 (4)
Laboratory and disease surveillance 186 (68) 62 (23) 5 (2) 22 (8)
Equipment maintenance 176 (64) 50 (18) 16 (6) 33 (12)
Laboratory management, leadership, and coaching
Customer care 211 (77) 34 (12) 11 (4) 19 (7)
Competence assessment 197 (72) 49 (18) 10 (4) 19 (7)
Ethics and professionalism 159 (58) 78 (28) 16 (6) 22 (8)
Supervision and delegation 134 (49) 95 (35) 19 (7) 27 (10)
Preceptorship and mentorship 196 (71) 57 (21) 12 (4) 10 (4)
Data management, report writing, and presentation skills 126 (46) 100 (37) 23 (8) 26 (10)
Basic cost accounting for clinical laboratory services 183 (67) 58 (21) 11 (4) 23 (8)
Management of resources and supplies 185 (67) 56 (20) 10 (4) 24 (9)
Monitoring and evaluation 166 (60) 72 (26) 16 (6) 21 (8)
Team building 188 (68) 54 (20) 12 (4) 21 (8)
Strategic planning 184 (67) 61 (22) 10 (4) 20 (7)
Rational selection of tests 162 (59) 75 (28) 13 (5) 25 (9)
Medical tariffs (billing and coding) 102 (37) 95 (35) 49 (18) 29 (11)
Costing of laboratory tests and procedures 117 (43) 93 (34) 38 (14) 27 (10)
Pathophysiology, data interpretation, and research
Case studies in clinical microbiology 214 (78) 34 (12) 8 (3) 19 (7)
Case studies in clinical chemistry 200 (73) 40 (15) 9 (3) 26 (10)
Case studies in hematology 208 (76) 38(14) 8 (3) 21 (8)
Case studies in medical parasitology 202 (74) 36 (13) 12 (4) 25 (9)
Case studies in blood transfusion science 207 (75) 36 (13) 11 (4) 21 (8)
Case studies in cytology and histology 183 (67) 47 (17) 19 (7) 26 (10)
Research proposal development and operational research 194 (71) 43 (16) 12 (4) 26 (10)
Grant proposal writing 149 (54) 76 (28) 17 (6) 33 (12)
Manuscript preparation 142 (52) 76 (28) 19 (7) 38 (14)
Basic computer skills (Microsoft suite) 160 (58) 47 (17) 35 (13) 33 (12)