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Table 4 Strength of association between different types of specialty doctors and providing rural outreach services in Australia

From: Rural outreach by specialist doctors in Australia: a national cross-sectional study of supply and distribution

Specialist type Providing outreach Univariate odds ratio (95% confidence interval)b P value
  Yes (n)a % yesb   
Lab-based specialties 51 18 Reference  
Anaesthesia (non-ICU) 68 11 0.56 (0.37 to 0.84) 0.006
Cardiology 20 26 1.63 (0.87 to 3.03) 0.13
Cardiothoracic surgery/neurosurgery 5 12 0.60 (0.22 to 1.63) 0.32
Dermatology 14 24 1.43 (0.70 to 2.92) 0.33
Diagnostic radiology 56 25 1.55 (0.99 to 2.42) 0.06
Emergency medicine 24 13 0.67 (0.38 to 1.15) 0.15
Endocrinology 11 14 0.74 (0.36 to 1.54) 0.42
Gastroenterology 14 17 0.92 (0.47 to 1.80) 0.81
General medicine 32 28 1.82 (1.06 to 3.11) 0.03
General surgery 51 23 1.33 (0.84 to 2.10) 0.22
Geriatrics 24 28 1.82 (1.00 to 3.27) 0.05
Infectious diseases 7 20 1.13 (0.44 to 2.89) 0.8
Intensive care 9 13 0.69 (0.31 to 1.53) 0.37
Intensive care – anaesthesia 4 13 0.69 (0.23 to 2.09) 0.51
Medical oncology 16 30 1.97 (1.00 to 3.86) 0.05
Neurology 15 28 1.75 (0.87 to 3.53) 0.12
Nuclear medicine 5 15 0.82 (0.30 to 2.27) 0.71
Obstetrics and gynaecology 51 19 1.06 (0.68 to 1.67) 0.79
Occupational medicine 14 27 1.72 (0.84 to 3.51) 0.14
Ophthalmology 41 29 1.92 (1.17 to 3.14) 0.01
Orthopaedic surgery 36 23 1.33 (0.81 to 2.19) 0.26
Other specialty 46 23 1.40 (0.87 to 2.23) 0.16
Otolaryngology 17 33 2.21 (1.13 to 4.34) 0.02
Paediatric medicine 68 25 1.56 (1.00 to 2.39) 0.05
Paediatric surgery 5 24 1.44 (0.48 to 4.32) 0.51
Plastic/reconstructive surgery 5 13 0.66 (0.24 to 1.80) 0.42
Psychiatry 82 19 1.04 (0.70 to 1.57) 0.84
Public health medicine/medical administration 6 22 1.32 (0.47 to 3.69) 0.6
Radiation oncology 17 37 2.68 (1.34 to 5.33) 0.005
Rehabilitation medicine 13 23 1.41 (0.69 to 2.86) 0.35
Renal medicine 26 42 3.26 (1.74 to 6.12) <0.0001
Rheumatology 11 23 1.34 (0.63 to 2.85) 0.45
Thoracic medicine 12 16 0.88 (0.43 to 1.80) 0.73
Urology 15 44 3.63 (1.72 to 7.67) 0.001
Vascular surgery 11 31 2.01 (0.89 to 4.54) 0.09
  1. a specialist type missing for n = 7.
  2. banalysis includes cross-sectional sampling weight.