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Table 1 Personal, professional and practice characteristics of IMG and USMG family physicians

From: International medical graduates in family medicine in the United States of America: an exploration of professional characteristics and attitudes

  USMGs N = 2360 n (%)* IMGs N = 366 n(%)* p value**
Age (n = 2591)
<35 299 (13) 13 (3) <0.001
35–44 949 (43) 106 (33)  
45–54 588 (26) 117 (33)  
55–64 251 (12) 63 (18)  
>65 163 (7) 42 (13)  
Years in practice (n = 2726)
Under 6 449 (19) 81 (23) <0.001
6–10 504 (22) 51 (12)  
11–20 830 (35) 121 (34)  
21–30 279 (12) 56 (15)  
31–40 234 (10) 43 (12)  
41+ 64 (3) 14 (4)  
Location (n = 2726)
Large metro >200 K 1955 (70) 322 (76) 0.0454
Small metro <200 K 45 (5) 7 (6)  
Non-metro area 360 (25) 37 (18)  
Ownership status (n = 2726)
Full owner 733 (32) 150 (43) <0.001
Part owner 472 (21) 52 (14)  
Not an owner 1155 (48) 164 (43)  
Practice type (n = 2726)
Solo or 2 physicians 829 (37) 169 (47) 0.0072
Group ≥ 3 physicians 585 (24) 76 (21)  
Health maintenance organization 154 (5) 27 (5)  
Medical school 89 (4) 11 (4)  
Hospital-based 388 (17) 46 (13)  
Other 315 (13) 37 (9)  
Board certification status (n = 2707)
Board Certified 2055 (87) 243 (67) <0.001
Board Eligible Only**** 169 (7) 61 (18)  
Neither 123 (6) 56 (15)  
Accepting new Medicare patients (n = 2726)
None 222 (9) 27 (9) 0.0451
Some 418 (17) 43 (12)  
Most 339 (14) 51 (12)  
All 1381 (60) 245 (67)  
Accepting new Medicaid patients (n = 2726)
None 647 (25) 94 (24) 0.0018
Some 591 (25) 67 (18)  
Most 231 (10) 35 (9)  
All 891 (40) 170 (49)  
Percentage of revenue from Medicare (n = 2726) Mean (SE) 27.54 (0.48) Mean (SE) 30.62 (1.46) 0.0310***
Percentage of revenue from Medicaid (n = 2726) Mean (SE) 13.90 (0.48) Mean (SE) 17.82 (1.31) 0.0020***
Percentage of patients for whom physician serves as gatekeeper (n = 2726) Mean (SE) 36.72 (0.94) Mean (SE) 43.67 (2.34) 0.0018***
  1. *Unweighted number of survey respondents and weighted percentage of family physicians. Numbers vary because not all survey items were answered by each physician.
  2. ** Chi-Square
  3. *** T-Test
  4. ****Although "Board Eligible" is not a status officially recognized by the ABFM, it is one of the responses offered by the CTS.
  5. USMG = United States Medical Graduate, IMG = International Medical Graduate, SE = Standard Error