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Table 2 Professional nurses born in Africa appearing in census of nine receiving countries circa 2000

From: New data on African health professionals abroad

   Receiving country Total abroad Frac.*
Sending country Domestic GBR USA FRA CAN AUS PRT ESP BEL ZAF   
Algeria 83,022 37 138 7,953 40 6 1 26 44 0 8,245 9%
Angola 13,135 22 135 12 10 4 1,639 8 11 0 1,841 12%
Benin 1,315 4 28 155 0 0 0 0 0 0 187 12%
Botswana 3,556 47 28 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 80 2%
Burkina Faso 3,097 0 14 50 0 0 0 1 11 0 76 2%
Burundi 38 10 14 1 25 0 0 0 83 0 134 78%
Cameroon 4,998 118 664 343 0 0 0 5 33 0 1,163 19%
Cape Verde 355 0 91 25 0 0 128 0 0 0 244 41%
Cent. Afr. Rep. 300 3 6 85 0 0 0 0 6 0 99 25%
Chad 1,054 0 21 110 0 0 0 0 0 0 131 11%
Comoros 231 0 6 64 0 0 0 0 0 0 70 23%
Congo, DR 16,969 44 207 206 50 0 9 4 1,761 7 2,288 12%
Congo, Rep. 4,933 28 114 369 0 0 14 4 122 9 660 12%
Cote d'Ivoire 7,233 0 185 302 0 0 0 0 22 0 509 7%
Djibouti 424 0 0 9 0 0 0 0 0 0 9 2%
Egypt 187,017 108 661 89 45 87 0 2 0 0 992 1%
Eq. Guinea 162 0 0 0 0 0 0 98 0 0 98 38%
Eritrea 811 27 384 0 75 11 0 0 0 0 497 38%
Ethiopia 5,342 61 888 16 75 37 0 0 0 0 1,077 17%
Gabon 1,554 0 14 93 0 0 0 0 0 0 107 6%
Gambia 144 57 221 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 282 66%
Ghana 14,972 2,381 2,101 1 275 0 0 2 0 6 4,766 24%
Guinea 3,847 0 171 53 10 0 0 27 6 0 267 6%
Guinea-Bissau 799 5 0 45 0 0 212 0 0 0 262 25%
Kenya 26,267 1,336 765 4 135 110 0 0 0 22 2,372 8%
Lesotho 1,266 5 6 0 0 0 0 0 0 25 36 3%
Liberia 185 28 773 5 0 0 0 1 0 0 807 81%
Libya 17,779 72 299 1 10 7 0 2 0 0 391 2%
Madagascar 3,088 4 43 1,096 10 0 1 1 17 0 1,171 28%
Malawi 1,871 171 171 0 10 14 0 0 0 11 377 17%
Mali 1,501 0 57 208 0 0 0 0 0 0 265 15%
Mauritania 1,580 0 21 94 0 0 0 2 0 0 117 7%
Mauritius 2,629 4,042 107 86 75 195 1 0 22 3 4,531 63%
Morocco 29,462 47 276 3,707 60 4 5 560 517 0 5,176 15%
Mozambique 3,664 12 64 0 10 0 748 2 6 11 853 19%
Namibia 2,654 18 6 0 0 4 1 0 6 118 152 5%
Niger 2,668 0 28 38 0 0 0 0 0 0 66 2%
Nigeria 94,747 3,415 8,954 24 160 0 0 8 6 12 12,579 12%
Rwanda 1,805 13 85 24 20 3 1 1 144 0 292 14%
Sao Tome & P. 172 0 0 8 0 0 141 0 0 0 149 46%
Senegal 1,887 3 102 584 0 0 0 0 6 0 695 27%
Seychelles 422 80 28 8 30 29 0 0 0 0 175 29%
Sierra Leone 1,524 747 696 4 10 0 0 0 0 0 1,457 49%
Somalia 1,486 76 47 8 30 3 0 0 0 0 164 10%
South Africa 90,986 2,884 877 20 275 955 58 3 33 -261** 4,844 5%
Sudan 26,730 42 85 12 20 7 0 0 0 0 166 1%
Swaziland 3,345 21 36 0 10 4 0 0 0 25 96 3%
Tanzania 26,023 446 228 0 240 32 2 1 0 4 953 4%
Togo 782 10 36 140 0 0 0 0 0 0 186 19%
Tunisia 26,389 11 64 1,365 20 0 0 1 17 0 1,478 5%
Uganda 9,851 714 291 0 75 29 0 1 0 12 1,122 10%
Zambia 10,987 664 299 0 25 68 2 0 0 52 1,110 9%
Zimbabwe 11,640 2,834 440 0 35 219 14 3 0 178 3,723 24%
Africa 758,698 20,647 20,983 17,421 1,865 1,828 2,977 763 2,872 239 69,589 8%
Sub-Saharan 414,605 20,372 19,545 4,297 1,690 1,724 2,971 172 2,294 239 53,298 11%
  1. Sources: See Acknowledgements. African sending countries show country of birth as recorded in the receiving-country census. Receiving countries show country of residence at the time of the last census (France [FRA] 1999; United States [USA] 2000; Australia [AUS], Belgium [BEL], Canada [CAN], Portugal [PRT], South Africa [ZAF], Spain [ESP], and United Kingdom [GBR] 2001). The copyright to some of the data in this table is retained by the source agency; see appendix for details before reproducing these data elsewhere. All data used here with written permission. *Gives the number of professionals abroad as a fraction of total professionals (domestic + abroad). **There are 261 professional nurses born in one of the other eight receiving countries who appear in the 2001 census of South Africa. This negative number thus represents a "netting out" term.
  2. The full contents of this table are available in an Excel workbook from the Center for Global Development website [17].