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Table 2 Comparison of financial-incentive programmes to compulsory service

From: Designing financial-incentive programmes for return of medical service in underserved areas: seven management functions

  Financial-incentive programmes Compulsory service
Enrolment Self-selected Universal
Compulsion No Yes
Length of service Commonly >3 years Commonly 1–3 years
Effect on equity of access to tertiary education Improvement possible None
Effect on total number of health workers Increase possible Decrease possible
Effect on composition of health worker population Increase in proportion of health workers from poor backgrounds possible Increase in proportion of lower-quality health workers possible