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Table 2 Projected changes in Zambian HRH workforce from 2008 to 2018 under current conditions of production and attrition

From: Meeting human resources for health staffing goals by 2018: a quantitative analysis of policy options in Zambia

  Doctors Clinical officers Nurses Midwives Total
Projected HRH workforce in 2018 ( = baseline + inflow - outflow) 792 1828 7508 4274 14 402
   Baseline HRH workforce 806 1236 6587 2050 10 679
   Inflow from 2008 to 2018 ( = a - b - c + d) + 768 + 1275 + 8359 + 3628 + 14 030
a Students that enrolled + 740 + 1550 + 10 831 + 4830 + 17 951
b Students that failed to graduate - 74 - 155 - 463 - 375 - 1067
c Graduates not hired into public sector - 98 - 120 - 2009 - 827 - 3054
d Hired from abroad + 200 + 0 + 0 + 0 + 200
   Outflow from 2008 to 2018 ( = e + f + g + h) - 782 - 683 - 7438 - 1404 - 10 307
e Retire - 78 - 68 - 337 - 140 - 623
f Involuntary attrition - 454 - 396 - 1951 - 815 - 3616
g Voluntary attrition - 250 - 219 - 1077 - 449 - 1995
h Go back to school - 0 - 0 - 4073 - 0 - 4073
Total gain or loss between 2008 to 2018 - 14 + 592 + 921 + 2224 + 3723
Remaining staffing gap in 2018 986 1909 6545 477 9917
  1. This table contains outputs from the HRH projection model.