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Table 3 Profiles of publications on CHWs in LMIC, 2005–2014

From: The global pendulum swing towards community health workers in low- and middle-income countries: a scoping review of trends, geographical distribution and programmatic orientations, 2005 to 2014

Characteristic   Number Percent
Type Empirical 604 89.1
Review 55 8.1
Analysis 19 2.8
Region Africa 345 50.9
Asia/Pacific 202 29.8
Americas 75 11.1
Middle East 12 1.8
Cross-regional 44 6.5
Countries with 10 or more publications (with name of main CHW cadre) India (accredited social health activist) 70 10.3
South Africa 71 10.5
Brazil (community health agent) 60 8.8
Ethiopia (health extension worker) 39  
Uganda (village health teams) 34
Malawi (health surveillance assistant) 32
Pakistan (lady health worker) 32
Kenya 31
Bangladesh (Shasthya Shebika (BRAC)) 28
Zambia (community health assistant) 20
Nepal (female community health volunteer) 19
Ghana 17
Tanzania 16
Nigeria 14
Thailand (community health volunteer) 12
Iran (behvarz) 12
Rwanda (binome) 11
Total 518 76.4
Programmatic orientation of publications MCH 235 34.7
Comprehensive 116 17.1
HIV/TB 106 15.6
Malaria 69 10.2
Reproductive health 37 5.5
Non-communicable diseases 30 4.4
Mental health 28 4.1
Other 39 5.8
Not specified 18 2.7
Programmatic orientation of reviews (n = 55) MCH 21 38.2
Comprehensive 11 20.0
HIV/TB 6 10.9
Malaria 4 7.3
Mental health 4 7.3
Reproductive health 1 1.8
Other 3 5.5
Not specified (system-strengthening focus) 5 9.1