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Table 3 Measurement models

From: Transformational leadership, empowerment, and job satisfaction: the mediating role of employee empowerment

Construct Item Loadings Composite reliability AVE
Transformational leadership (TL) TL_1 0.68 0.892 0.508
TL_2 0.65   
TL_3 0.77   
TL_4 0.74   
TL_5 0.70   
TL_6 0.70   
TL_7 0.74   
TL_8 0.72   
Empowerment (Emp) Emp_1 0.64 0.876 0.542
Emp_2 0.67   
Emp_3 0.76   
Emp_4 0.77   
Emp_5 0.78   
Recognition JS3 0.92 0.907 0.904
JS4 0.90   
Pay JS1 0.95 0.949 0.83
JS2 0.95   
Job satisfaction (JS)a JS_Reg 0.83 0.804 0.508
JS_Pay 0.71   
  1. aHigher-order construct