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Table 2 Estimated demand and supply of health workers, by regions and income group, 2013 and 2030

From: Global Health Workforce Labor Market Projections for 2030

  2013 (165 countries) 2030 (165 countries) # Countries in each group
Demand Supply Diff (S-D) Demand Supply Diff (S-D)
WHO Region
 Africa 1,106,183 1,874,830 768,647 2,404,807 3,066,666 661,859 43
 Americas 8,826,933 8,385,480 −441,453 15,288,610 12,742,856 −2,545,753 28
 Eastern Mediterranean 3,057,524 2,690,443 −367,080 6,201,515 4,611,408 −1,590,107 15
 Europe 14,178,009 12,692,401 −1,485,607 18,158,772 16,803,264 −1,355,508 50
 South-East Asia 5,964,318 5,772,250 −192,067 12,206,786 10,168,591 −2,038,195 8
 Western Pacific 15,133,290 10,294,627 −4,838,663 25,894,849 17,261,342 −8,633,507 21
WB Region
 East Asia and Pacific 15,481,985 11,141,638 −4,340,347 26,546,027 18,250,702 −8,295,325 23
 Europe and Central Asia 14,007,183 12,594,176 −1,413,007 17,844,850 16,640,618 −1,204,233 48
 Latin America 4,526,235 4,140,233 −386,002 8,374,987 5,784,767 −2,590,219 26
 Middle East & North Africa 2,517,001 2,570,885 53,884 4,913,419 3,846,948 −1,066,471 15
 North America 4,300,699 4,245,248 −55,451 6,913,623 6,958,089 44,466 2
 South Asia 6,494,350 5,357,579 −1,136,771 13,459,980 10,293,688 −3,166,292 8
 Sub-Saharan Africa 938,804 1,660,273 721,470 2,102,453 2,879,315 776,862 43
WB Income group
 Low 1,400,074 692,757 −707,317 1,400,074 1,384,576 −15,498 29
 Lower-middle 21,682,581 9,867,919 −11,814,662 21,682,581 17,958,943 −3,723,638 44
 Upper-middle 33,291,730 13,764,139 −19,527,591 33,291,730 21,362,033 −11,929,697 46
 High 23,780,953 17,385,217 −6,395,736 23,780,953 23,948,576 167,622 46
 World 48,266,256 41,710,032 −6,556,224 80,155,338 64,654,127 −15,501,211 165
  1. Health worker refers to physicians, nurses/midwives, and all other health workers. Demand for nurses/midwives was calculated assuming a ratio of 2.517 nurses/midwives to one physician. Demand and supply of all other health workers was calculated assuming a ratio of 3.517 doctors and nurse/midwives times a World Bank income group-specific multiplier. Supply of physicians and nurses/midwives was projected based on the country-specific linear growth rates of physicians and nurses per 1000 population