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Table 3 Estimated health worker shortages and surpluses by regions and income group, 2013

From: Global Health Workforce Labor Market Projections for 2030

  Shortage countries Surplus countries
Demand Supply Need Difference (S–D) # Countries Demand Supply Need Difference (S–D) # Countries
WHO Region
 Africa 32,357 20,570 168,664 −11,787 3 1,073,826 1,854,259 5,722,406 780,434 40
 Americas 6,612,863 5,111,374 3,872,984 −1,501,490 18 2,214,070 3,274,107 1,566,639 1,060,037 10
 Eastern Mediterranean 2,325,668 1,511,359 2,576,703 −814,309 9 731,856 1,179,084 1,221,066 447,229 6
 Europe 9,432,898 6,916,358 3,504,234 −2,516,540 29 4,745,111 5,776,043 2,124,299 1,030,933 21
 South-East Asia 5,542,630 4,847,018 10,129,877 −695,613 3 421,687 925,233 2,303,207 503,546 5
 Western Pacific 13,132,605 7,142,858 10,183,203 −5,989,747 6 2,000,685 3,151,769 1,355,351 1,151,084 15
WB Region
 East Asia and Pacific 13,132,605 7,142,858 10,183,203 −5,989,747 6 2,349,380 3,998,780 3,509,697 1,649,400 17
 Europe and Central Asia 9,262,072 6,818,133 3,453,923 −2,443,939 27 4,745,111 5,776,043 2,124,299 1,030,933 21
 Latin America 2,662,078 1,414,236 1,935,612 −1,247,842 17 1,864,157 2,725,997 1,351,392 861,841 9
 Middle East & North Africa 1,617,766 1,177,244 1,160,165 −440,522 9 899,235 1,393,641 1,194,530 494,406 6
 North America 3,950,785 3,697,138 1,937,372 −253,647 1 349,914 548,110 215,247 198,196 1
 South Asia 6,421,358 5,279,358 11,596,725 −1,142,000 5 72,992 78,221 148,861 5230 3
 Sub-Saharan Africa 32,357 20,570 168,664 −11,787 3 906,447 1,639,703 5,748,942 733,256 40
WB Income group
 Low 395,927 223,855 1,699,364 −172,072 5 241,657 468,902 3,162,540 227,245 24
 Lower middle 8,834,452 6,850,983 12,800,744 −1,983,469 17 2,063,083 3,016,936 4,804,549 953,853 27
 Upper middle 15,462,673 8,497,379 10,939,972 −6,965,294 20 3,577,879 5,266,760 3,677,217 1,688,881 26
 High 12,385,969 9,977,320 4,995,585 −2,408,649 26 5,304,614 7,407,897 2,648,661 2,103,283 20
 World 37,079,021 25,549,537 30,435,665 −11,529,485 68 11,187,234 16,160,495 14,292,968 4,973,261 97