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Table 1 Listing of identified educational initiatives

From: Mapping educational opportunities for healthcare workers on antimicrobial resistance and stewardship around the world

# Program Lead organization Country Region Target audience Description
1 Clinical Antibiotic Stewardship for South Africa South African Antibiotic Stewardship Programme South Africa Africa Medical students, physicians This self-paced online course aims to introduce antimicrobial stewardship, describe how to implement stewardship programs, provide guidance for prescribing and interpreting clinical results, and teach about infection prevention and control. The course is taught online through video lectures and is free.
https://www.openlearning.com/courses/clinical-antibiotic-stewarship-for-south-africa
a,b
2 Distance Learning Course in Antimicrobial Stewardship for Africa Infection Control Africa Network Multiple Africa Physicians,
clinical pharmacists, clinical microbiologists, nurses
This 3.5-month-long online distance learning course comprises five modules relating to infectious diseases, one of which is focused on Antimicrobial Stewardship. The program includes lectures, reading materials, and discussion forums to engage with tutors and other students. Program is free for African participants.
http://www.icanetwork.co.za/education/distance-learning-course-in-antimicrobial-stewardship-for-africa/
a,b
3 Online Rational Medicines Use Module University
of the Western Cape
South Africa Africa Healthcare professionals This semester-long online course focuses on the rational use of medicines and associated problems. Content is taught through online media and reading materials, and learning is encouraged through weekly tasks, online discussion forums, and written assignments.
http://www.fidssa.co.za/Content/Documents/UWC_RATIONAL_MEDICINES_USE_CE_MODULE_2015_ADVERTFinal_(2).pdf
b
4 Antibiotic Pharmacology Webcasts Cleveland Clinic: Centre for Continuing Education USA Americas Physicians A collection of 6 continuing education webcasts on AMR focusing on different types of antimicrobial. Webcasts can be completed for credit towards the American Medical Association’s Physician Recognition Award Credit System.
http://www.clevelandclinicmeded.com/online/pharmacology/pharm-antibiotic.htm
b
5 Antimicrobial Management Team University of Kentucky USA Americas Healthcare professionals Resource website including policies, institution-specific antibiotic guidelines, and personnel training resources.
http://www.hosp.uky.edu/pharmacy/amt/default.html
 
6 Antimicrobial Stewardship - Moving Knowledge to Action Public Health Ontario Canada Americas Healthcare professionals A workshop series focused on providing support to develop and grow hospital AMR stewardship programs. Workshops included lectures, participant networking, and highlighted local experiences. The workshops occurred in 4 cities in Ontario and were broadcast via teleconference. Presentation notes and slides are available freely online.
https://www.publichealthontario.ca/en/BrowseByTopic/InfectiousDiseases/AntimicrobialStewardshipProgram/Pages/Antimicrobial_Stewardship_Workshop.aspx
a
7 Antimicrobial Stewardship Program (ASP) at Nebraska Medicine Nebraska Medicine USA Americas Healthcare professionals Program includes video lectures, restricted antimicrobial list, institution-specific antibiotic guidelines, microbiology information, and other educational material. A mobile app provides clinical guidelines, protocols, and dosing adjustments for antimicrobial use. Many web sources are available freely online, but the app requires specific login credentials.
http://www.nebraskamed.com/careers/education-programs/asp
a
8 Antimicrobial Stewardship: A tipping point, transforming practice Mount Sinai Hospital-University Health Network Canada Americas Physicians, pharmacists A three-day workshop to identify key ASP priorities and resources, better understand the microbiology laboratory, and consider infectious disease management from an ASP perspective.
Weblink no longer available; Courtesy of Andrew Morris Mount Sinai Hospital.
 
9 Antimicrobial Stewardship: Optimization of Antibiotic Practices Stanford University USA Americas Healthcare professionals A MOOC covering the Infectious Disease Society of America guidelines, stewardship principles for special populations, and evidence based antibiotic management for surgical prophylaxis, outpatient care, and sepsis treatment.
http://www.euro.who.int/en/health-topics/disease-prevention/antimicrobial-resistance/news/news/2014/05/massive-online-open-course-mooc-on-antimicrobial-stewardship
 
10 Antimicrobial Stewardship: Taking it to the Next Level Mount Sinai Hospital-University Health Network Canada Americas Physicians,
pharmacists
Offered in 2011, a course providing information on how to (1) prepare a business case for funding an ASP, (2) identifying the data elements required to start and monitor an ASP, (3) choose ASP priorities, (4) change prescriber behavior, (5) report success and challenges. Continuing Education credit was available for this course.
http://www.antimicrobialstewardship.com/educational-opportunities
b
11 Bugs and Drugs Alberta Health Services Canada Americas Healthcare professionals The Bugs & Drugs reference guide provides recommendations for antimicrobial use and infection prevention and management to improve patient care and limit AMR, toxicity, and costs. It is available as a book and mobile app.
http://www.bugsanddrugs.ca/thebook.php
a
12 Cleveland Clinic Guidelines for Antimicrobial Use 2012–2013 Cleveland Clinic USA Americas Physicians The Cleveland Clinic Guidelines for Antimicrobial Use consists of tables describing laboratory tests, treatment guidelines for infections, and preferred antimicrobial use in various situations such as pregnancy and transplants. Topics addressed include cost-effectiveness, resistance patterns, antimicrobial usage data.
http://www.clevelandclinicmeded.com/medicalpubs/antimicrobial-guidelines/
a
13 Décision+ / Décision+2 Université de LavalGovernment of Quebec Canada Americas Physicians, residents Decision+ (and Décision+2) integrates multiple educational/behavioral change components to promote shared decision making on antibiotic treatment options. Includes a Diagnostic Decision Support Tool for physician and patient to illustrate risks and benefits. It has been pilot tested, and embedded as a mandatory component of family medicine residency in Quebec.
http://www.decision.chaire.fmed.ulaval.ca/en/research/projects/decision/
 
14 Do Bugs Need Drugs? Government of Alberta,Government of British Colombia Canada Americas Healthcare professionals Do Bugs Need Drugs is a community education project that includes resources and accredited courses for physicians and pharmacists, non-accredited courses for students and other professionals, and campaigns for the general public. Health professional students are involved in delivering the program to school children.
http://www.dobugsneeddrugs.org/about/#bc
a,b
15 Get Smart Centers for Disease Control and Prevention USA Americas Healthcare professionals The Get Smart for Healthcare program is a comprehensive program produced by the US CDC to improve antibiotic use. Resources for healthcare professional include a collection of program examples,
Implementation resource, fact sheets, research evidence, video commentaries, and PowerPoint slides. General resources include video and radio public service announcements, pamphlets, posters, online resources, and more. This program includes Get Smart About Antibiotics Week, an annual awareness campaign complete with educational and promotional materials such as posters, graphics, press materials, and interactive activity ideas.
http://www.cdc.gov/getsmart/
a
16 Get Smart About Antibiotics Wake Forest School of Medicine;Centers for Disease Control and Prevention USA Americas Medical students Wake Forest University has developed a medical school curriculum around antimicrobial resistance. Several resources have been developed to assist with student learning including a series of video lectures and lecture notes, case studies and exam style questions.
http://www.wakehealth.edu/School/CAUSE/Get-Smart-About-Antibiotics.htm
a
17 Get smart Colorado: use antibiotics wisely Coalition USA Americas Healthcare professionals,
patients and the public
This campaign used pamphlets and posters, billboards, radio, television, website, letters, guidelines, and seminars to promote proper antibiotic use. Resources specifically for healthcare providers included newsletters, externally sourced treatment guides, pediatric academic detailing sheets, and links to external resources. Multiple resources were directed to healthcare providers but for use with patients, such as examination room posters and educational “prescription pads” for viral infections; these types of resources were availablein English and Spanish. The website also shares tips for non-prescription care and appropriate antibiotic use.
http://www.getsmartcolorado.com/
a
18 Healthy Canadians Collection: Antibiotic Resistance The Government of Canada Canada Americas Healthcare professionals, patients and the public The Government of Canada produced an online resource for bacteria, antibiotics, AMR, surveillance, and Canada’s efforts on these fronts. Resources for healthcare professionals include guidelines on infection management from The Public Health Agency of Canada, posters about reducing the spread of resistance in healthcare settings, and external resources such as Bugs and Drugs (see program #11). Other resources include educational videos, letters, infographics, posters, and pamphlets for the general public and for First Nations and Inuit peoples specifically.
http://www.healthycanadians.gc.ca/drugs-products-medicaments-produits/buying-using-achat-utilisation/antibiotic-resistance-antibiotique/index-eng.php
a
19 Infectious Diseases Management Program at UCSF University of California San Francisco USA Americas Healthcare professionals An inter-professional inter-hospital collaboration to better antimicrobial use and patient care. The program includes guidelines for antimicrobial therapy for various conditions, hospital-specific guidelines, and antimicrobial susceptibility information relevant to hospitals in San Francisco.
http://idmp.ucsf.edu/
 
20 Johns Hopkins Antimicrobial Stewardship Program Johns Hopkins USA Americas Physicians Resource site for physicians including guidelines for acceptable and unacceptable use of antibiotics, antibiotic dosage and toxicity for adults, antifungals and vaccines, institution-specific guidelines and regulations, microbiology information, and treatment recommendations for specific infections.
http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/microbiology/specimen/index.html http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/amp/guidelines/Antibiotic_guidelines.pdf
 
21 Making a Difference in Infectious Disease Pharmacotherapy (MAD-ID) Canada MAD-ID and University of Toronto Canada Americas Pharmacists A workshop held in Toronto in 2010, using an adapted version of the MAD-ID program that included additional content for the Canadian context. Topics included de-escalation and streamlining, and Making Antimicrobial Stewardship work.
Courtesy of Linda Dresser at University Health Network in Toronto
 
22 Making a Difference in Infectious Disease Pharmacotherapy (MAD-ID) USA MAD-ID USA Americas Pharmacists MAD-ID offers a basic and an advanced antimicrobial stewardship training program which are designed for pharmacists and physicians. Continuing education credit is available for pharmacists in the USA.
http://mad-id.org/antimicrobial-stewardship-programs/
b
23 Michigan antibiotic resistance reduction coalition Coalition USA Americas Healthcare professionals, patients and the public This state campaign provided information about antimicrobials and resistance to healthcare providers and the public using TV and radio announcements, pamphlets, educational cartoons for children, and posters. Healthcare professionals were targeted specifically with infographics, and pamphlets about prescribing and communicating with patients. A webinar on antibiotics in upper respiratory tract infections was also promoted to healthcare providers.
http://www.mi-marr.org/
a
24 Multipronged Education Strategy on Antibiotic Prescribing in Quebec INESSS Quebec Canada Americas Physicians, pharmacists, medical residents Educational mailout with guidelines targeting the most common conditions in outpatient settings, clinical information on diagnosis and antibiotic recommendations. The emphasis was on proper antibiotic regimens and not using antibiotics when viral infections were suspected, plus using shorted possible treatment. Guidelines were produced by the Quebec Medication Council in collaboration with physicians and pharmacists. A letter of support from all key stakeholders (MOH, College of Physicians, College of Pharmacists, Medical Associations) accompanied the mail-out.
Weiss et al. Clin Infect Dis 2011; 53(5):433–9. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21791439
 
25 National information program on antibiotics Coalition Canada Americas Physicians, pharmacists, patients and the public This program uses pamphlets and posters, print media, radio and letters to summarize information on antibiotics, bacterial infections, antibiotic use, and resistance.
http://www.antibiotics-info.org
a
26 NCCID Resources for Healthcare Providers Website (Antibiotic Awareness Week Webinar Archives and NCCID Resources for healthcare providers) National Collaborating Centre for Infectious Diseases Canada Americas Healthcare professionals The National Collaborating Centre for Infectious Diseases (NCCID) website provides free online resources focused on antibiotics and AMR. The Antibiotic Awareness Week Webinar Archives is an online resource that compiles YouTube videos, transcripts, and presentation slides from previous seminars. Resources are available in English or French and online access is free. Resources for Healthcare Providers include factsheets, prescription sheets, a script outlining how to communicate with patients, treatment guidelines.
http://nccid.ca/antibiotic-awareness/ http://nccid.ca/antibiotics-and-health-care-providers/#patients
 
27 Nebraska appropriate antibiotic use campaign Regional department of health USA Americas Healthcare professionals, patients and the public A state antibiotic awareness campaign. Resources for healthcare providers include links to local AMR stakeholder organizations such as the Nebraska Infection Control Network, and other external resources such as links to CDC resources.
http://dhhs.ne.gov/publichealth/HAI/Pages/Resistance.aspx
a
28 Nursing Home Antimicrobial Stewardship Modules Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Department of Health and Human Services USA Americas Nurses Nursing Home Antimicrobial Stewardship Guide provided by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality seeks to train nurses and other nursing home staff on AMR, treatment decisions. The program provides toolkits on antimicrobial stewardship and antibiotic treatment which include informational handouts, online training resources, educational PowerPoint slides, and links to academic articles.
http://www.ahrq.gov/professionals/quality-patient-safety/patient-safety-resources/resources/nh-aspguide/index.html
 
29 Oregon alliance working for antibiotic resistance education Coalition USA Americas Healthcare professionals, patients and the public This state coalition seeks to promote careful use of antibiotics by targeting healthcare providers, and the general public. Provider resources include posters, continuing education course links, prescribing statistics, treatment guidelines, and seminars and the CDC’s Get Smart week are promoted. Resources for the public include activity books for children, brochures and information sheets about prudent antibiotic use and resistance.
https://public.health.oregon.gov/DiseasesConditions/CommunicableDisease/AntibioticResistance/Pages/index.aspx
a
30 Public Health Ontario Antimicrobial Stewardship Program Public Health Ontario Canada Americas Doctors, nurses, pharmacists Public Health Ontario provides resources such as posters to promote appropriate prescribing in hospital settings, presentation slides on AMR and stewardship, webinars, and print guidelines. These resources are shared to support acute care facilities in meeting Accreditation Canada’s mandate requiring AMS programs.
https://www.publichealthontario.ca/en/BrowseByTopic/InfectiousDiseases/AntimicrobialStewardshipProgram/Pages/Antimicrobial-Stewardship-Program.aspx
a
31 South Carolina Careful Antibiotic Use (CAUse) South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control USA Americas Healthcare professionals, patients and the public An adapted version of the CDC Get Smart program which initially targeted HCW for education on diagnostic and treatment guidelines, then targeted parents of young children about appropriate use.
Overview is available in this report: http://www.scstatehouse.gov/Archives/DHEC/AROStrategicPlan-final1-15-07dr_3.pdf
a
32 Stop antibiotic misuse in Minnesota Coalition USA Americas Healthcare professionals, patients and the public This state program used pamphlets and posters, letters, guidelines, seminars and a childcare curriculum. The website provides links for professionals include policy statements, statistics, journal articles and guidelines relating to AMR and infections.
http://www.minnesotaarc.org/
a
33 Stop the resistance—use antibiotics wisely Nevada Public Health Foundation USA Americas Healthcare professionals, patients and the public This state educational campaign seeks to reach healthcare providers the public to encourage and appropriate antibiotic use. This campaign provides resources including clinical practice guidelines, resources from the CDC, and information sheets informing prescribers about appropriate antibiotic use. General resources include educational brochures on AMR, colds, and infections in English and Spanish, and links to websites and games for children’s education on topics such as handwashing and bacteria.
http://www.nevadapublichealthfoundation.org/programs/nevadans-for-antibiotic-awareness/
a
34 The California Antimicrobial Stewardship Program Initiative California Department of Public Health USA Americas Healthcare professionals This program shares resources associated with the California Department of Public Health, such as an antimicrobial stewardship webinar series directed to nursing homes, and a compilation of example stewardship programs. The focus of this program is to support the implementation of stewardship programs in California hospitals and healthcare facilities.
http://www.cdph.ca.gov/programs/hai/Pages/AntimicrobialStewardshipProgramInitiative.aspx
 
35 University of Pennsylvania Antimicrobial Stewardship University of Pennsylvania USA Americas Medical students, residents This educational webpage includes presentation slides, PDF handouts, and lecture recordings relevant to antimicrobial education for medical students and residents. Topics include drug availability, prophylaxis, as well as University-specific stewardship policies, antibiotic prescribing recommendations, restrictions and economic considerations.
http://www.uphs.upenn.edu/antibiotics/
a
36 Washington state’s campaign to fight antibiotic resistance Regional department of health USA Americas Physicians, patients and the public This state health department website compiled links to publications and external resources on AMR for patients, physicians, and educators. Resources for the public include school-based awareness programs, information sheets, and links to the FDA and CDC.
http://www.doh.wa.gov/YouandYourFamily/IllnessandDisease/AntibioticResistance
a
37 Awareness week, lectures and panel discussions Students for Antimicrobial Stewardship Society Canada Americas Healthcare students This student society has chapters in medical, dental and pharmacy schools across Canada. They have organized an annual awareness week with lectures and panel discussions to educate students about AMR and AMS.
http://www.sass-canada.ca/
 
38 Antibioclic: Antibiotherapie rationelle en soins primaires Societe de Pathologie Infectieuse de Langue Francaise/French Infectious Diseases Society (SPILF) France Europe Physicians This website offers therapeutic recommendations to primary care physicians. Physicians input their patients’ pathology and other clinical considerations, and the website provides recommended antibiotic treatment with considerations and options for allergies and contraindications, as well as brief information about the antibiotics. The website also shares news related to infections and antibiotics.
http://antibioclic.com/
a
39 Antibioguide and Antibioville Antibiolor France Europe Physicians The Antibiolor guidelines were published to assist physicians in the management of infections: Antibioguide (2005) for hospital physicians and Antibioville (2004) for community physicians. The guidelines are available online, in print, and through an app. Antibiolor also provides Antibiotel, a telephone advice service for physicians requiring advice regarding management of patients with infectious diseases.
http://www.antibiolor.org/
a
40 Antibiotic advice in Île-de-France Societe de Pathologie Infectieuse de Langue Francaise/French Infectious Diseases Society (SPILF) France Europe Physicians Telephone advice relating to antibiotics was provided by physicians for physicians;
Wang et al. in Med Mal Infect. 2015; 45(4):111–23.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25747501
 
41 Antibiotic Awareness Campaign European Phamacy Students Association Multiple Europe Pharmacy students The European Pharmacy Students Association created an Antibiotic Awareness Campaign in order to raise awareness about antibiotic use, decrease demand for antibiotics, and to educate the public on AMR. The EPSA created a campaign for their assembly in 2013 and a digital campaign was developed in partnership with the ECDC for the European Antibiotic Awareness Day.
http://www.epsa-online.org/index.php/projects/public-health-campaigns/previous-campaigns
a
42 Antibiotic Guardian Public Health England United Kingdom Europe Healthcare professionals, patients and the public Antibiotic Guardian consists of a collection of pledges with over 30,000 signatures directed to healthcare professionals, students, and the general public. Resources for healthcare professionals include links to country-specific EAAD and WAAW resources and public resources include patient stories, posters, leaflets, and links to other programs including WAAD, e-bug, and other informational websites.
http://antibioticguardian.com/
a
43 Antibiotic Resistance in Primary Care E-Module Royal College of General Practitioners Learning United Kingdom Europe Healthcare professionals This hour long continuing professional education course for primary care physicians in the UK looking to learn about antibiotic prescribing, resistance, and resources for practice.
http://elearning.rcgp.org.uk/course/info.php?popup=0&id=167
b
44 Antibiotic Resistance: The Silent Tsunami Uppsala University Sweden Europe Healthcare professionals This 4-week-long online course discusses the spread of antibiotic resistance, the development of antibiotics, the current state of resistance and antibiotic use, and actions to tackle AMR. This course is free and composed of 3 h per week of online content.
https://www.futurelearn.com/courses/antibiotic-resistance
a,b
45 Antibiotics only when necessary (Le Projet Gepie: Groupe d’Etude et de Prévention des Infections de l’Enfant) Coalition: academic centers, health insurance, medical association, institute for public health France Europe Physicians This campaign employed pamphlets and posters, website, letters, guidelines, and academic detailing. The program’s website contains resources such as guidelines for antibiotic use or disuse, progression of conditions such as bronchitis, in addition to general guidelines and guidelines for antibiotic use in children. A list of publications by the GEPIR group is provided. This group also supports an initiative for teacher and youth education about microorganisms, infections, and their treatment known as “Projet E-bug”.
http://www.gepie.org/
a
46 Antibiotics, use them in an adequate way Coalition: pharmaceutical industry, department of health, professional organizations Portugal Europe Healthcare professionals, patients and the public A seasonal campaign to reduce antibiotic use in Portugal that used several intervention types to target a wide range of professionals and the public.
Huttner et al. in Lancet Infect Dis. 2010; 10(1):17–31. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20129146
 
47 Antimicrobial Resistance and Healthcare Associated Infections Foundation Course on Hospital Infection Control Healthcare Infection Society United Kingdom Europe Residents This 3 day long in-person course provides information on healthcare associated infections and AMR, developing surveillance programs, outbreak investigation, hospital hygiene, the basics of antimicrobial stewardship, and healthcare associated infections. It can be taken as a stand-alone course or as part of a Masters or Diploma course.
https://www.his.org.uk/education/courses/
b
48 Antimicrobial Resource Centre British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy United Kingdom Europe Healthcare professionals This database of resources compiles many educational materials and links including links to open online courses, audio, guidelines, images, press articles, publications, posters, research papers, slide sets, systematic reviews and video lectures on diverse topics relating to antimicrobials and resistance.
http://stage.bsac-arc.com/#
a
49 Antimicrobial Stewardship Educational Workbook Scottish Antimicrobial Prescribing Group United Kingdom Europe Nurses,
midwives
This interactive workbook contains question prompts and links to informational videos to support learning around antimicrobial stewardship, specifically including chapters on stewardship in practice, bacteria, resistance and antibiotics, assessment of infection, and hospital practice.
http://www.scottishmedicines.org.uk/files/sapg/Final_Antimicrobial_Stewardship_Print_Wkb_Jan_2016.pdf
a
50 Antimicrobial stewardship: systems and processes for effective antimicrobial medicine use National Institute for Health and Care Excellence United Kingdom Europe Healthcare professionals, patients and the public The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence publishes guidelines including Antimicrobial Stewardship. These guidelines include recommendations for the implementation of stewardship programs, antimicrobial prescribing, and new antimicrobials.
https://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/ng15
 
51 Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing and Surveillance: from Laboratory to Clinic. European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases Germany Europe Clinical microbiologists This 3-day-long workshop consists of a series of lectures and laboratory sessions that cover European Committee on Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing (EUCAST) clinical breakpoints, antimicrobial susceptibility testing, antimicrobial surveillance systems, and antimicrobial guidelines. This is part of a series of microbiology workshops organized by the ESCMID.
https://www.escmid.org/profession_career/educational_activities/escmid_courses_and_workshops/antimicrobial_susceptibility_testing_and_surveillance_a_eucast_esgars_and_epasg_perspective/
 
52 Antimicrobials and infection management Centre for Pharmacy Postgraduate Education United Kingdom Europe Pharmacists, pharmacy students, This 10-h e-learning course focuses on describing the action of antimicrobials, selecting appropriate antimicrobial agents, antimicrobial prophylaxis, patient treatment, and healthcare-associated infections. This program is only available to members of the General Pharmaceutical Council.
https://www.cppe.ac.uk/programmes/l/antimicro-e-01/
 
53 Bugs and antibiotics: the role of the Greek Physician in the fight against microbial resistance University of Athens Greece Europe Physicians A regional education campaign in 2009/10 organized by the medical school at the University of Athens. A series of meetings were organized with primary care physicians followed by 4 interactive case study sessions. Participants also received a set of guidelines and a booklet on management of community acquired infections.
Plachouras et al. in BMC Public Health 2014;14:866.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4148920/
 
54 CNAMTS Program National Health Insurance Fund for Salaried Workers (CNAMTS) France Europe Physicians The National Health Insurance Fund for Salaried Workers’ (CNAMTS) work for AMR includes holding meetings with Delegates of the National Health Insurance (DAM) and physicians. Information sheets and recommendations on medical practice are handed out to physicians during these meetings, which are held 3 or 4 times a year.
Huttner et al. in Lancet Infect Dis. 2010; 10(1):17–31.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20129146
 
55 Collection: Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) National government UK Europe Healthcare professionals, The UK government supports an online collection of resources relating to AMR and inks to research publications, technical and clinical guidelines, posters, research, news updates, and strategic documents such as the UK AMR strategies and progress reports. One noteworthy resource is the “Antimicrobial Resistance Resource Handbook” which provides information on policy, recommendations, education, tools, surveillance, and other resources that support stewardship and AMR reduction.
https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/antimicrobial-resistance-amr-information-and-resources
a
56 Correct use antibiotics Belgian Antibiotic Policy Coordination Committee (BAPCOC) Belgium Europe Healthcare professionals, patients and the public This program’s webpages offer links to academic articles are directed towards healthcare professionals. Webpages answer basic questions (e.g. what are antibiotics, asking advice from your healthcare provider), promote children’s educational comics on antimicrobials and infections, and provide links to external resources for the general public. The program also includes radio commercials. Many resources are available in French, English, Dutch and German.
http://www.correctuseantibiotics.be/en
a
57 ESCMID Summer School European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases Spain Europe Physicians, clinical microbiologists This week long in-person course focuses on clinical microbiology and infections. Topics include infection management, therapy beyond antibiotics, viral infections, multidrug resistance, international health and career development.
https://www.escmid.org/dates_events/escmid_summer_school/
 
58 ESCMID/ASM Conference on Drug Development to Meet the Challenge of Antimicrobial Resistance European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases Austria Europe Healthcare professionals This 3-day conference consists of a series of lectures, symposiums, debates, round table discussions, and interactive question and answer sessions relating to AMR. Topics include clinical use of off-patent antibiotics, future areas of research, breakpoints, and changing antimicrobial administration and guidelines.
https://www.escmid.org/research_projects/escmid_conferences/escmidasm_conference/
 
59 European Antibiotic Awareness Day European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control   Europe Healthcare professionals, patients and the public European Antibiotic Awareness Day promotes education about antibiotic use and resistance annually on November 18th. The website contains diverse downloadable resources for prescribers as well as patients and the public. Toolkits for prescribers include presentations for in-hospital training on AMR, patient dialog guides and factsheets.
http://ecdc.europa.eu/en/eaad/Pages/Home.aspx
a
60 General Practitioner conferences to reduce over-prescribing Health insurance office, Créteil hospital center France Europe Physicians Conferences and meetings involved a discussion of prescribing profiles and promoted awareness of antibiotic use.
Wang et al. in Med Mal Infect. 2015; 45(4):111–23.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25747501
 
61 Interdisciplinary Regional Program for the Control of antimicrobial resistance (PRIMAIR)   France Europe Physicians This program promoted continuing education and antibiotic treatment guidelines for general practitioners in the Franche-Comté region of France.
Wang et al. in Med Mal Infect. 2015; 45(4):111–23.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25747501
b
62 MedQual Centre Ressource en Antibiologie France Europe Healthcare professionals, patients and the public This network is dedicated to monitoring antibiotic use and antibiotic resistance. The website provides online advice and decision trees for physicians managing infectious diseases. It also publishes a monthly electronic newsletter. Telephone advice to healthcare professionals is provided.
http://www.medqual.fr/
a
63 National Health Service Scotland Education and Training National Health Service Scotland/NHS Education for Scotland United Kingdom Europe Physicians, nurses, pharmacists The Scottish Reduction in Antimicrobial Prescribing (ScRAP) Programme is an educational toolkit under this program to encourage a reduction in unnecessary antibiotic prescribing. ScRAP includes teaching topics and lesson plans for local facilitators, video lectures, and videos of patient-scenarios and other teaching materials. Some programs include clinical vignettes and multiple choice assessments. Other resources include interactive antimicrobial stewardship educational textbooks/workbooks targeted towards nurses and midwives, complete with information, best practice examples, evaluation questions, and reflection prompts, as well as PowerPoint presentation slides for practitioner education.
http://www.nes.scot.nhs.uk/education-and-training.aspx
 
64 Nice France teaching hospital telephone advice service Nice teaching hospital Infectious Disease Department France Europe Physicians This service consisted of telephone advice with the option of in person consultations for general practitioners in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur Est region of France. Was terminated due to lack of resources.
Wang et al. in Med Mal Infect. 2015; 45(4):111–23.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25747501
 
65 PrescQIPP Antimicrobial Stewardship Webkit PrescQIPP United Kingdom Europe Healthcare professionals This webpage provides resources and links to educate healthcare providers about antimicrobial stewardship and AMR. Types of resources include data on infections, infographics, guidelines relating to AMR, information about diagnoses, and online links.
https://www.prescqipp.info/antimicrobial-stewardship/projects/antimicrobial-stewardship#diagnostics
a
66 Project children and antibiotics—for appropriate antibiotic use in children Regional department of health Italy Europe Physicians This program targeted antibiotic prescribing to pediatricians by running seminars and adapting “Do Bugs Need Drugs” (see program #14).
Huttner et al. in Lancet Infect Dis. 2010; 10(1):17–31.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20129146
 
67 Reducing Antimicrobial Resistance E-Learning for Healthcare, Health Education England United Kingdom Europe Healthcare professionals, patients and the public This program consists of an e-learning session, short videos, and links to other resources such as Antibiotic Guardian (see program #42) and Future Learn MOOC (see program #90). The objective is to discuss risks and development of AMR, the misuse of antibiotics, and improve responses to patients.
http://www.e-lfh.org.uk/programmes/antimicrobial-resistance
a
68 STAR: Stemming the Tide of Antibiotic Resistance Healthcare CPD United Kingdom Europe Physicians This hour long training intervention informs medical practitioners about antibiotic prescription, resistance, and to encourage behavioral change and reflection about current practices.
http://www.healthcarecpd.com/course/star-stemming-the-tide-of-antibiotic-resistance
a
69 Strama The Swedish Strategic Programme Against Antibiotic Resistance (Strama) Sweden Europe Healthcare professionals The Swedish Strategic Programme Against Antibiotic Resistance (Strama) shares action plans, scientific research protocols and data. They link to other resources, such as online courses for doctors and nurses. The National Strama Days are annual awareness campaigns meant to provide education on antibiotic issues including resistance and policymaking and facilitate networking.
http://strama.se/?lang=en See report: “Swedish work on containment of antibiotic resistance” http://strama.se/examples-of-projects/?lang=en
 
70 Strategic and Exploratory Workshop Joint Programming Initiative on Antimicrobial Resistance (JPIAMR) Norway Europe Healthcare professionals Joint Programming Initiative on Antimicrobial Resistance (JPIAMR) facilitates a series of workshops. These workshops revolve around selected keynote lectures, breakout sessions and plenary discussions. Workshop titles include “The Interplay Between AMR Surveillance and Science” and “Early Discovery of New Antibiotics”.
http://www.jpiamr.eu/activities/the-interplay-between-amr-surveillance-and-science/
 
71 SWAB (Dutch Working Party on Antibiotic Policy) Society of Infectious Diseases The Netherlands Europe Healthcare professionals The Dutch Working Party on Antibiotic Policy (SWAB) has developed numerous guidelines relating to antibiotics and AMR focusing on general information, specific infections, MRSA, and antibiotic prophylaxis. The group also holds an annual symposium on AMR and contributes to EAAD online resources.
http://www.swab.nl/swab/cms3.nsf/viewdoc/102D6425C642468DC125757F0039CDDE
 
72 The Regional Functional Unit of Infectious Diseases (UFIR) Ajaccio hospital directorate, Corsica regional health authority France Europe Physicians This unit offered telephone advice for general practitioners in Corsica as well as post-graduate education on antibiotics.
Wang et al. in Med Mal Infect. 2015; 45(4):111–23.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25747501
 
73 Treat Antibiotics Responsibly, Guidance, Education, Tools (TARGET) Antibiotics Toolkit Royal College of General Practitioners, Public Health England United Kingdom Europe Healthcare professionals This toolkit includes antibiotic prescribing data, toolkits for conducting audits, posters and pamphlets for patients, guidelines from Public Health England, resources to support implementation of the TARGET toolkit, and links to external resources and stakeholders relevant to AMR and antibiotics. Resources for general practitioners specifically include a self-assessment checklist evaluating good antimicrobial practices. Training resources include a webinar series, presentation templates and notes, and links to two e-modules. The webinar series runs from November to December 2016 and provides information on how to improve prescribing and patient care.
http://www.rcgp.org.uk/TARGETantibiotics
a
74 URPS Program Regional health authority France Europe Physicians As a local initiative, information sheets were distributed to general practitioners at clinical presentations. Information sheets related to infection management, clinical presentation, and antibiotic prescribing for patients aged 15 to 65.
Wang et al. in Med Mal Infect. 2015; 45(4):111–23.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25747501
 
75 Antimicrobial Stewardship: Principles and Practice European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases   Europe Healthcare professionals This course will discuss basic principles of AMR and consumption surveillance, implementation of AMS programs, how to change prescriber behaviors, and how to integrate AMS education in student, resident and postgraduate education at an institutional level. Planned for 2017.
https://escmid.pulselinks.com/event/13464
 
76 Antibiotic campaign Health maintenance organization Israel Middle East Physicians A seasonal campaign to distribute guidelines and information on resistance to physicians, with a mass media component.
Huttner et al. in Lancet Infect Dis. 2010; 10(1):17–31.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20129146
a
77 Antibiotics Smart Use: Thailand Antimicrobial Resistance Containment Program (AMRCP) in Thailand Thailand South East Asia Healthcare professionals, patients and the public Country-wide campaign that educated prescribers about antibiotics in half-day long in-hospital training sessions. Training included sharing experiences, learning about treatment guidelines and diagnostic tools, as well as instructions on implementing resources for patient education such as DVDs, pamphlets and other materials.
http://www.reactgroup.org/toolbox/thailands-work-to-limit-abr/#zp-ID-2628-280251-WJR8EDEQ
 
78 ASPIC (Antibiotic Stewardship, Prevention of Infection & Control) Indian Council of Medical Research India South East Asia Clinical pharmacists, clinical microbiologists This workshop taught skills and knowledge about infection prevention and control, implementation of antimicrobial policy guidelines for rational use of antibiotics to curb resistance, conducting research projects in antibiotic policy. Workshop consisted of 5 days of lectures, site visits, practical training, demonstrations and project discussions.
Chandy et al. in Indian J Med Res 2014; 139(2):226–230. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4001333/
 
79 AMR Training Songdo Hospital Mongolia Western Pacific Physicians Quarterly Education sessions and surveys of antimicrobial prescribing in hospital.
Courtesy of WHO WPRO Office: WHO Mongolia Country Report May 2016 by Koning and Peel
 
80 Antibiotic Awareness Week Government of Viet NamWHO Viet Nam Western Pacific Healthcare professionals, patients and the public This awareness week campaign included a pledge initiative, public outreach events, posters and banners in hospitals, and social media use.
http://www.wpro.who.int/vietnam/mediacentre/releases/2015/antibiotics_resistance_week2015/en/
https://www.facebook.com/amrweekvietnam/
a
81 DOH Manual of Procedures for Implementing AMS in Hospitals Department of Health (Philippines)World Health Organization Philippines Western Pacific Physicians The DOH Manual of Procedures for Implementing AMS in Hospitals is an operational guide that is also used as a reference for developing training programs and materials.
Information courtesy of the WHO WPRO regional office.
a
82 National Prescribing Service: Medicinewise Resource Website National Prescribing Serivce (NPS): Medicinewise Australia Western Pacific Healthcare professionals The NPS website includes resources and online learning modules. The website of antibiotic resources for health care providers includes tools for consultation with patients, pamphlets and posters, guidelines. Five online case study-based modules are available for general practitioners, nurses, and healthcare professional students on the topics of antimicrobial prescribing, bacterial infections, urinary tract infections, pneumonia, and surgical antibiotic prophylaxis. These modules are recognized by The Royal Australian College of General Practitioners as fulfilling some requirements of their Continuing Professional Development program as well as by the Australian College of Rural and Remote Medicine for some of their Professional Development Program requirements.
http://www.nps.org.au/medicines/infections-and-infestations/antibiotics
http://www.nps.org.au/health-professionals/cpd
a,b
83 Training-of-Trainers Workshop on the Antimicrobial Stewardship Advocacy Training Department of Health (Philippines)World Health Organization (WPRO) Philippines Western Pacific Healthcare professionals The Training-of-Trainers was delivered by a representative from NPS Medicinewise (Australia). This consisted of an interactive session on current initiatives and challenges of each hospital in relation to infection prevention and control, rational use of antimicrobials and surveillance of AMR. Also included was a consultation on draft AMS pilot program implementation.
http://www.ncpam.doh.gov.ph/index.php/en/training-of-trainers-workshop-on-the-antimicrobial-stewardship-advocacy-package
 
84 Training-workshop for government Level III hospitals on the implementation of the AMS Department of Health (Philippines)World Health OrganizationCorazon Locsin Montelibano Memorial Regional Hospital Philippines Western Pacific Physicians This workshop began as a pilot program at Philippine General Hospital and Corazon Locsin Montelibano Memorial Regional Hospital. An AMS program with an educational component was tested and has now been scaled up to provide training at all DOH Level III hospitals.
Information courtesy of the WHO WPRO regional office.
 
85 WHO WPR Pledge to use antibiotics responsibly World Health Organization Western Pacific Region   Western Pacific Healthcare professionals This pledge designed by the World Health Organization Western Pacific regional office discusses a commitment to the use of antibiotics as prescribed, good hygiene, and encouraging responsible use in friends and family. Includes information on AMR.
https://apps.wpro.who.int/amr/pledge.aspx
a
86 Win the War Against AMR Department of Health Philippines Western Pacific Healthcare professionals Win the War Against AMR is a pledge for healthcare providers to use antimicrobials responsibly. Pledge documents comment upon judicious use of antimicrobials, continuing education of others, promoting preventative measures, and supporting research of antimicrobial drugs and diagnostic technologies.
http://www.ncpam.doh.gov.ph/index.php/en/major-program?id=52
a
87 Medication Shortage Fact Sheets and Infographics National Centre for Antimicrobial Stewardship (NCAS) Australia Western Pacific Healthcare professionals This resource provides fact sheets and infographics designed in response to recent problems with the supply of antimicrobials in Australia. The fact sheets provide advice and possibilities for alternative therapy when vital medications are in short supply. The infographics provide information on antimicrobial prescribing in various healthcare facilities. Both resources are easily accessible online.
https://www.ncas-australia.org/education
a
88 AMS Implementation Toolkit Clinical Excellence Commission Australia Western Pacific Healthcare professionals The Clinical Excellence Commission has developed resources to support the implementation of hospital AMS programs that embody the core elements required for program implementation and maintenance. These resources also facilitate to identify gaps present in currently established AMS programs.
http://www.cec.health.nsw.gov.au/patient-safety-programs/medication-safety/antimicrobial-stewardship/quah/ams-implementation-toolkit
 
89 Antibiotic Stewardship Clinical Care Standards Australian Commission on Safetey and Quality in Health Care Australia Western Pacific Healthcare professionals This resource provides guidance to clinicians and health service managers on delivering appropriate care when prescribing antibiotics. The resource also provides a set of suggested indicators to assist with local implementation of the Antimicrobial Stewardship Clinical Care Standard. Clinicians and health services can use the indicators to monitor implementation of the quality statements.
https://www.safetyandquality.gov.au/our-work/clinical-care-standards/antimicrobial-stewardship-clinical-care-standard/
a
90 Antimicrobial Stewardship: Managing Antibiotic Resistance University of Dundee;British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy United Kingdom Global Healthcare professionals This 6-week-long Massive Open Online course focuses on improving antimicrobial prescribing and AMS in hospital settings and can be applied to other settings. The course has run twice on the FutureLearn platform and involves readings, case study videos, video interviews with experts, and online discussion with peers and educators. Course topics include an overview of resistance as a global problem, the importance and key elements of antimicrobial stewardship, measurement of antibiotic prescribing, emerging strategies for antimicrobial stewardship, behavior change, and the importance of collaboration and coordination.
https://www.futurelearn.com/courses/antimicrobial-stewardship
a,b
91 Basic Concepts Book International Federation of Infection Control United Kingdom Global Healthcare professionals This book, Basic Concepts, by the International Federation of Infection Control contains a chapter on “Principles of Antibiotic Policies”. Key topics in this chapter include the rational use of antibiotics to combat resistance, the role of AMR stewardship programs, targeted antibiotic prescribing and treatment, and microbiology laboratory services in relationship to AMR. It is available in English, Arabic, French, Spanish, Italian, Bulgarian and Hungarian.
http://theific.org/basic-concepts-english-version-2016/
a
92 Basic Infection Control Training Programme Course International Federation of Infection Control United Kingdom Global Healthcare professionals This infection control course contains a module that focuses explaining how antibiotic use selects strains of bacteria, identifying mechanisms of AMR stewardship programs, the role of microbiology laboratories in resistance, as well as healthcare associated infections and outbreaks in general.
http://theific.org/basic-ic-training-course-outline/
a
93 Coursera Course: Antimicrobial resistance - theory and methods Technical University of Denmark Denmark Global Healthcare professional This 5 week long online MOOC teaches on antimicrobial action, antimicrobial resistance, antimicrobial susceptibility testing, interpretation, quality assurance, and bacterial genomic testing through online videos lectures and graded quizzes.
https://www.coursera.org/learn/antimicrobial-resistance
a
94 ReAct Toolbox Uppsala University Sweden Global Healthcare professionals Resource website on AMR and AMS with profiles of useful interventions.
http://www.reactgroup.org/toolbox/
a
  1. aThe resource was available free of charge
  2. bThe resource was for continuing professional development credit or provided a certificate of completion or counted towards a degree program