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Table 1 Summary of sub-themes assessed and tool used

From: Tools for measuring medical internship experience: a scoping review

  Well-being (n = 53) Educational environment (n = 57) Work condition and environment (n = 44)
Sub-theme assessed Stress or psychological distress (n = 28)
Job satisfaction (n = 14)
Depression (n = 12)
Sleep (n = 11)
Burnout (n = 10)
Anxiety (n = 8)
Overall well-being (n = 5)
Fatigue (n = 4)
Quality of life (n = 3)
Wellness (n = 2)
Empathy (n = 1)
Coping strategy (n = 1)
Mood (n = 1)
Loneliness (n = 1)
Life satisfaction (n = 1)
Supervision (n = 26)
Support (n = 15)
Learning or educational environment (n = 15)
Teaching (n = 14)
Preparedness (n = 14)
Teamwork (n = 14)
Feedback (n = 12)
Communication (n = 11)
Induction (n = 9)
Professionalism (n = 8)
Handoff (n = 6)
Career development (n = 5)
Overall educational experience (n = 1)
Workload or work hours (n = 35)
Safety (n = 14)
Harassment or bullying (n = 11)
Food and accommodation (n = 10)
Pay and remuneration (n = 5)
Infrastructure (n = 3)
Work–family conflict (n = 2)
Tools used in two or more studies used twice or more, or used once but with actual internal validity or reliability evidence within their study population Maslach Burnout Inventory (n = 6)
Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (n = 6)*
General Health Questionnaire-12 or 30 (n = 5)
Perceived stress scale (n = 4)*
Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (n = 3)*
Brief resident wellness profile (n = 2)*
Connor–Davidson Resilience Scale (n = 2)*
Cooper Job Stress (n = 2)*
Copenhagen Burnout Inventory (n = 2)*
Occupational Stress Indicator (n = 2)*
Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (n = 2)
UK Medical Career Research Group (n = 2)
Anxiety about professional future (n = 1)*
Chalder Fatigue Scale (n = 1)*
Cohen Perceived Stress Scale (n = 1)*
Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (n = 1)*
Effort–Reward Imbalance (ERI) (n = 1)*
General stressor questionnaire (n = 1)*
Job satisfaction scale (n = 1)*
Medical Outcomes Study Sleep Scale (n = 1)*
Minnesota Satisfaction Scale (n = 1)*
Positive and Negative Affect Schedule scales (n = 1)*
State–Trait Anxiety Inventory (n = 1)*
State–Trait Depression Scale (n = 1)*
UK Medical Career Research Group survey (n = 5)
Postgraduate Hospital Educational Environment Measure (n = 4)*
Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education Resident Survey (n = 2)
Junior Doctor Assessment Tool (n = 2)*
Climate for learning (n = 1)*
Cognitive Behaviour Survey—Residency (n = 1)*
Friesen et al. 2008 questionnaire (n = 1)*
Graduate Medical Education Committee annual survey (n = 1)*
Handoff Clinical Evaluation Exercise (n = 1)*
Hannan et al. 2017 questionnaire (n = 1)*
Learning environment professionalism survey (n = 1)*Lubben Social Network Scale (n = 1)*
Mentorship effectiveness Scale (n = 1)*
Modified Resident Questionnaire (n = 1)*
Reynolds et al. 2019 questionnaire (n = 1)*Short Survey of Perceived Organizational Support (n = 1)*
Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (n = 1)*
Speaking Up Climates (n = 1)*
Touchie et al. 2014 questionnaire (n = 1)*
Work Analysis Instrument for Hospitals (n = 1)*
Yusoff et al. 2011 questionnaire (n = 1)*
Postgraduate Hospital Educational Environment Measure (n = 4)*
UK Medical Career Research Group survey (n = 3)
Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education Resident Survey (n = 2)
Cyber Negative Acts Questionnaire (n = 1)*
Graduate Medical Education Committee annual survey (n = 1)*
Hannan et al. 2017 questionnaire (n = 1)*
Modified Resident Questionnaire (n = 1)*
Psychological Safety Scale (n = 1)*
Robson et al. 2011 questionnaire (n = 1)*
Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (n = 1)*
Speaking Up Climates (n = 1)*
Work Analysis Instrument for Hospitals (n = 1)*
Yusoff et al. 2011 questionnaire (n = 1)*
  1. n refers to the number of included studies that examined the specific sub-theme or used the tool
  2. * Refers to tools with internal validity or reliability evidence presented in their study population
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