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Table 2 Selected recommended tools for measuring internship experience

From: Tools for measuring medical internship experience: a scoping review

Tool name

Number of

description questions

Sub-themes assessed

Internal validity evidence

Reliability evidence

Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI)


3 components of Burnout (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, personal achievement)

7 level frequency scale from “never” to “daily”


Previously tested

Previously tested

Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9)


4 level frequency scale from “not at all” to “nearly every day”


Previously tested

Internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.74–0.85), test–retest [25]

General Health Questionnaire-12 or 30 (GHQ-12 or GHQ-30)


Short versions of the GHQ-60 questionnaire for psychological distress

4 level frequency scale from “not at all” to “much more than usual”

Psychological distress

Previously tested

Previously tested

Perceived Stress Scale (PSS)


4 level frequency scale from “never” to “very often”


Previously tested

Internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.82–90), test–retest [25]

Postgraduate Hospital Educational Environment Measure (PHEEM)


3 categories (role autonomy, teaching, social support)

5 level Likert scale from “strongly disagree” to “strongly agree”

Educational environment, supervision, induction, communication, feedback, career development, teamwork, teaching, support, work hour, harassment or bullying, safety, food and accommodation

Face validity, construct validity (three factors) [36]

Construct validity (one factor) [39]

Internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.93) [36]

Internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.84) [39]