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Table 2 Selected recommended tools for measuring internship experience

From: Tools for measuring medical internship experience: a scoping review

Tool name Number of description questions Sub-themes assessed Internal validity evidence Reliability evidence
Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) 22 3 components of Burnout (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, personal achievement)
7 level frequency scale from “never” to “daily”
Burnout Previously tested Previously tested
Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) 9 4 level frequency scale from “not at all” to “nearly every day” Depression Previously tested Internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.74–0.85), test–retest [25]
General Health Questionnaire-12 or 30 (GHQ-12 or GHQ-30) 12–30 Short versions of the GHQ-60 questionnaire for psychological distress
4 level frequency scale from “not at all” to “much more than usual”
Psychological distress Previously tested Previously tested
Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) 10 4 level frequency scale from “never” to “very often” Stress Previously tested Internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.82–90), test–retest [25]
Postgraduate Hospital Educational Environment Measure (PHEEM) 40 3 categories (role autonomy, teaching, social support)
5 level Likert scale from “strongly disagree” to “strongly agree”
Educational environment, supervision, induction, communication, feedback, career development, teamwork, teaching, support, work hour, harassment or bullying, safety, food and accommodation Face validity, construct validity (three factors) [36]
Construct validity (one factor) [39]
Internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.93) [36]
Internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.84) [39]
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