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Table 3 Evolution of absolute number of physicians (total and SUS) and physicians ratio per 1000 inhabitants

From: Evaluating medical education regulation changes in Brazil: workforce impact

Municipality characteristics Physicians practicing in SUS Total of physicians
2009 2018 2009 2018
Absolute number Physician per 1000 inhabitants ratio Absolute number Physician per 1000 inhabitants ratio Absolute number Physician per 1000 inhabitants ratio Absolute number Physician per 1000 inhabitants ratio
Macro-region         
Midwest 16342 1.18 22687 1.41 20975 1.51 31084 1.93
Northeast 42947 0.80 59614 1.05 50962 0.95 72154 1.27
North 10838 0.70 15525 0.85 12146 0.79 18430 1.01
Southeast 111575 1.38 144515 1.65 155142 1.92 210456 2.40
South 33682 1.22 47814 1.61 43386 1.57 64189 2.16
Population         
Up to 20,000 inhabitants 16919 0.51 20821 0.60 17398 0.52 22095 0.63
Between 20,001 and 50,000 inhabitants 20544 0.64 26077 0.75 22487 0.70 30450 0.87
Between 50,001 and 100,000 inhabitants 19638 0.88 26979 1.09 23102 1.04 33808 1.37
Between 100,001 and 500,000 inhabitants 59139 1.26 81921 1.57 77202 1.65 112150 2.15
Above 500,000 inhabitants 99144 1.73 134357 2.17 142422 2.48 197810 3.20
Physician inhabitant ratio in 2009         
Up to 01 physician per 1000 inhabitants 32288 0.70 44495 0.89 37637 0.81 54455 1.08
Between 1.0 and 1.5 physicians per 1000 inhabitants 44781 1.00 63425 1.29 54957 1.23 79986 1.63
Above 1.5 physicians per 1000 inhabitants 138315 1.38 182235 1.67 190017 1.89 261872 2.40
GDP per capita in 2009         
Below the national average 42059 0.57 54506 0.70 46201 0.63 62965 0.80
Above the national average 173325 1.47 235,649 1.81 236410 2.01 333348 2.56