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Table 6 Teachers’ assessment of factors influencing the online education satisfaction

From: Barriers and facilitators to online medical and nursing education during the COVID-19 pandemic: perspectives from international students from low- and middle-income countries and their teaching staff

Code Questions about the factors influencing the online education satisfaction Comparison of positive and negative responses to the factors (n = 95)
  Crisis-related category
Ta-01 How much do the epidemiological data related to the COVID-19 pandemic affect your online teaching?
Ta-02 How much does the lockdown due to the COVID-19 pandemic affect your teaching state?
Ta-03 How much are you satisfied with your current teaching environment?  + 
Ta-04 How well are you adapt to the sudden change of the teaching pattern? /
Ta-05 How much stress do you feel from the online teaching workload due to the crisis?
  Instructor-related category /
Tb-01 How stressed do you feel due to English as the instruction medium for the online courses? /
Tb-02 How much does the shortage of communications with your colleagues affect your teaching? /
Tb-03 How much are you familiar with the online teaching technologies? /
Tb-04 How much does the thought of the possibility that a wider range of audience other from your students may observe your teaching process affect your teaching? /
Tb-05 How positive are you that you pay adequate attention to the students?  + 
Tb-06 How much do you consider you are passionate during the online class?  + 
Tb-07 How much do you think you achieve the teaching objectives via the online instruction?  + 
Tb-08 How stressed do you feel about the extra requirements catering to the online teaching? /
Tb-09 How many materials can you provide to the students? /
Tb-10 How much are you affected by the sense of distance during your teaching?
Tb-11 How much pressure do you feel when teaching directly to international students in the classroom? /
Tb-12 How stressed are you now that you are teaching online in English without having to face the students directly? /
Tb-13 How adequate are you prepared for online teaching? /
  Learner-related category  + 
Tc-01 How would you evaluate the students’ overall performance?  + 
Tc-02 How would you rate students’ assignments?  + 
Tc-03 How active are the students during the online teaching process and interactive discussions?  + 
Tc-04 How cooperative are the students during their online learning?  + 
Tc-05 How adequate is the time for discussions with students? /
Tc-06 How much are you satisfied with students’ performance in the quizzes?  + 
  Course-related category /
Td-01 How well the online courses are administrated?  + 
Td-02 How effective are the design and arrangement of the online courses?  + 
Td-03 How much have you been affected by the network conditions? /
Td-04 How much is your online teaching affected by rearranged course schedule to cope with the jet lag in students’ countries? /
Td-05 How much does the absence of experimental/practical classes affect your teaching the theoretical knowledge?
Td-06 How much are you satisfied with the live streaming platforms for online education? /
Td-07 How much is your online teaching affected by the facility you are using? /
Td-08 How much is your online teaching affected by the absence of the blackboard? /
Td-09 How much helpful is the playback support in the online courses? /
Td-10 How much are you satisfied with the tools for discussions (Q and A class)?  + 
Td-11 How adequate do you think the support and help from the university you have received during your online teaching process? /
Td-12 How often are you affected by the operational problems? /
Td-13 How much is your teaching affected by tight time to prepare online teaching? /
Td-14 How much collaborative learning do you arrange during your online teaching process? /
Td-15 How adequate is the technical support you have received for conducting the online courses? /
  1. 1. Code of the questions: The letter T refers to the questions for teachers; the letters a, b, c and d represent 4 categories (crisis-related category, learner-related category, instructor-related category and course-related category), respectively
  2. 2. Teachers’ ratings of the questions did not comply with the normal distribution, so Kruskal–Wallis rank-sum test was performed to compare if there was any significant difference between the teachers who were satisfied with the online education and those who were not satisfied in each question
  3. 3. The symbol “/” indicated that there was no significant difference between the satisfied teachers and the dissatisfied teachers
  4. 4. The symbol “ + ” indicated that there was significant difference between the satisfied teachers and the dissatisfied teachers, and the factor was positively related with the satisfaction of online education (the mean rating of satisfied teachers was higher than that of dissatisfied teachers)
  5. 5. The symbol “−” indicated that there was significant difference between the satisfied teachers and the dissatisfied teachers, and the factor was negatively related with the satisfaction of online education (the mean rating of dissatisfied teachers was higher than that of satisfied teachers)