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Table 1 Summary of nursing density and subnational distribution statistics for 58 countries

From: Inequal distribution of nursing personnel: a subnational analysis of the distribution of nurses across 58 countries

Country National density of nursing personnel*per 10,000 population (Min–max) Number of subnational units Amplitude of variation (max/min) Gini index (0–100)
Afghanistan 2.5 (0.8–11.1) 34 14.4 20
Angola 4.1 (2.5–8.1) 18 3.3 21
Armenia 48.4 (21.8–62.2) 11 2.9 11
Australia 116.9 (103–150.3) 8 1.5 4
Belarus 99.9 (95.8–106.7) 6 1.1 2
Belize 23.4 (14.5–33.4) 6 2.3 13
Bolivia 15.6 (8.6–28.6) 9 3.3 3
Brazil 38.5 (21.2 – 55.0) 25 2.6 8
British Virgin Islands 92.6 (31.1–104.4) 4 3.4 11
Burkina Faso 5.4 (2.8–11.9) 13 4.2 19
Cambodia 6.9 (2.7–22.2) 25 8.3 4
Congo 7.5 (3.4–15.3) 12 4.5 9
Cook Island 66.8 (48.2–179.2) 12 3.7 2
Cote d'Ivoire 6.0 (4.1–15.6) 19 3.9 6
Cuba 75.6 (68.7–98.6) 14 1.4 1
DRC 5.4 (1.3–77.2) 26 60.3 26
Ecuador 28.3 (17.9–40.3) 24 2.3 3
Egypt 58.3 (24.4–179.8) 24 7.4 9
El Salvador 13.7 (3.1–20.2) 14 6.4 21
Eritrea 12.1 (4.9–34.6) 6 7.1 32
Eswatini 37.1 (24.2–53.5) 4 2.2 15
Ethiopia 5.4 (2.5–22.5) 11 9.0 15
Fiji 6.8 (2.2–11.6) 4 5.2 30
France 84.4 (57.7–109.1) 26 1.9 2
Greece 38.1 (12.5–70.7) 54 5.6 13
Guyana 9.4 (0.4–17.1) 10 44.1 7
Haiti 3.8 (1.5–7.7) 4 5.2 1
Honduras 7.3 (2.5–31.9) 18 12.5 9
India 8.6 (1.8–329.6) 29 179.0 8
Iran 20.0 (12.7–28.2) 30 2.2 2
Iraq 20.4 (11.2–39.1) 18 3.5 4
Ireland 164.7 (134.2–202.8) 8 1.5 1
Japan 121.5 (83.6–199.5) 47 2.4 8
Kenya 11.7 (2.1–33.3) 47 15.5 29
Korea (Republic of) 73.0 (2.6–105.3) 17 40.7 6
Lesotho 17.8 (7.1–33.3) 10 4.7 22
Madagascar 1.5 (0.4–9.8) 22 26.2 39
Malawi 4.4 (4.1–4.7) 3 1.1 1
Malaysia 34.7 (21.8–342.0) 16 15.7 3
Mali 4.5 (1.8–16.2) 8 9.2 39
Mexico 24.2 (11.8–41.7) 32 3.5 13
Micronesia 20.4 (12.6–44.9) 4 3.6 7
Mozambique 4.8 (3.5–8.2) 11 2.3 6
Nigeria 13.6 (2.5–34.9) 24 13.9 34
Pakistan 7.5 (1.3–21.3) 6 16.4 1
Panama 29.5 (8.1–41.1) 7 5.1 5
Peru 23.7 (16.4–50.0) 24 3.1 6
Philippines 49.4 (28.7–72.5) 13 2.5 2
Portugal 58.8 (32.3 – 152.0) 22 4.7 3
Romania 56.2 (17.7–89.3) 39 5.0 7
South Africa 13.1 (7.8–16.6) 9 2.1 6
United Arab Emirates 57.3 (26.0–84.2) 7 3.2 21
United States of America 109.6 (30.0–152.1) 51 5.1 3
Uruguay 29.9 (13.2–39.5) 19 3.0 15
Vanuatu 14.2 (9.8–22.8) 4 2.3 10
Venezuela 20.7 (1.9–44.8) 24 23.3 3
Vietnam 16.8 (8.4–24.1) 38 2.9 11
Zambia 9.9 (5.0–13.9) 10 2.8 16
  1. *Defined as headcount