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  1. The integration of non-conventional therapies (NCT) into health policies and health services delivery is a worldwide trend and might have a role in achieving Universal Health Coverage. WHO has encouraged count...

    Authors: Pascoal Amaral and Inês Fronteira
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:114
  2. Nurses and midwives play a critical role in the provision of care and the optimization of health services resources worldwide, which is particularly relevant during the current COVID-19 pandemic. However, they...

    Authors: Alba Llop-Gironés, Ana Vračar, Gisela Llop-Gironés, Joan Benach, Livia Angeli-Silva, Lucero Jaimez, Pramila Thapa, Ramesh Bhatta, Santosh Mahindrakar, Sara Bontempo Scavo, Sonia Nar Devi, Susana Barria, Susana Marcos Alonso and Mireia Julià
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:112
  3. Shortages and maldistribution of healthcare workers persist despite efforts to increase the number of practitioners. Evidence to support policy planning and decisions is essential. The World Health Organizatio...

    Authors: James Antwi, Anthony Asare Arkoh, Joseph Kiprop Choge, Turi Woticha Dibo, Alias Mahmud, Enkhtuya Vankhuu, Erick Kizito Wanyama and Danette Waller McKinley
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:110
  4. Village clinic doctors (VCDs) are part of the health service force in rural China. VCDs’ job satisfaction (JS) is important to the stability of the three-tiered health service system. Since 2009, the Chinese g...

    Authors: Zhongming Chen, Lifang Zhou, Haiyuan Lv, Kui Sun, Hongwei Guo, Jinwei Hu, Qianqian Yu, Dongmei Huang, Dongping Ma, Zhiqiang Feng, Changhai Tang, Mengna Dai and Wenqiang Yin
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:109
  5. Physiotherapy and rehabilitative services are an integral part of patient care, but in many developing countries they are not considered a priority and are either not available or not easily accessible to thos...

    Authors: Monu Tamang and Thinley Dorji
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:107
  6. In Sierra Leone (SL), a low-income country in West Africa, dental care is very limited, largely private, and with services focused in the capital Freetown. There is no formal dental education. Ten dentists sup...

    Authors: Swapnil Gajendra Ghotane, Patric Don-Davis, David Kamara, Paul R. Harper, Stephen J. Challacombe and Jennifer E. Gallagher
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:106
  7. Healthcare has been identified as a job engine during recent recessions in the U.S. Whether the healthcare sector provides better than average pay remains a question. This study investigates if wages grew with...

    Authors: Janis Barry
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:105

    The Correction to this article has been published in Human Resources for Health 2021 19:137

  8. A significant shortage of healthcare workforce exists globally. To achieve Universal Healthcare coverage, governments need to enhance their community-based health programmes. Community health volunteers (CHVs)...

    Authors: Njeri Nyanja, Nelson Nyamu, Lucy Nyaga, Sophie Chabeda, Adelaide Lusambili, Marleen Temmerman, Michaela Mantel and Anthony Ngugi
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:104
  9. Attracting and retaining sufficient health workers to provide adequate services for residents of rural and remote areas has global significance. High income countries (HICs) face challenges in staffing rural a...

    Authors: Deborah Russell, Supriya Mathew, Michelle Fitts, Zania Liddle, Lorna Murakami-Gold, Narelle Campbell, Mark Ramjan, Yuejen Zhao, Sonia Hines, John S. Humphreys and John Wakerman
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:103
  10. Japan has established comprehensive education-scholarship programs to supply physicians in rural areas. Their entrants now comprise 16% of all medical students, and graduates must work in rural areas for a des...

    Authors: Masatoshi Matsumoto, Yasushi Matsuyama, Saori Kashima, Soichi Koike, Yuji Okazaki, Kazuhiko Kotani, Tetsuhiro Owaki, Shizukiyo Ishikawa, Seitaro Iguchi, Hitoaki Okazaki and Takahiro Maeda
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:102
  11. Maintaining sufficient health care workforce is a global priority to achieve universal health coverage. Therefore this study addresses the availability of physiotherapists in Brazil.

    Authors: Carolina Hart Rodés, João Vitor Lovato Daré, Bruna Carolina de Araujo, Leonardo Graciani, Silvia Maria Amado João, Ana Claudia Camargo Gonçalves Germani and Ana Carolina Basso Schmitt
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:101
  12. Regulation is a critical function in the governance of health workforces. In many countries, regulatory councils for health professionals guide the development and implementation of health workforce policy, bu...

    Authors: Veena Sriram, Vikash R. Keshri and Kiran Kumbhar
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:100
  13. Lack of programmatic support and supervision is one of the underlying reasons of the poor performance of Pakistan’s Lady Health Worker Program (LHWP). This study describes the findings and potential for scale-...

    Authors: Wafa Aftab, Suneel Piryani and Fauziah Rabbani
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:99
  14. Visa trainees (international medical graduates [IMG] who train in Canada under a student or employment visa) are expected to return home after completing their training. We examine the retention patterns of vi...

    Authors: Maria Mathews, Dania Koudieh, Yanqing Yi, Lindsay Hedden, Emily Gard Marshall, Asoka Samarasena, Geoff Barnum and Ivy Bourgeault
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:98
  15. Providing sufficient numbers of human resources for health is essential for effective and accessible health services. Between 2013 and 2018, the Brazilian Ministry of Health implemented the Programa Mais Médicos ...

    Authors: Charlotte Bexson, Christopher Millett, Leonor Maria Pacheco Santos, Ricardo de Sousa Soares, Felipe Proenço de Oliveira and Thomas Hone
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:97
  16. A simple indicator of technical efficiency, such as productivity of health workers, measured using routine health facility data, can be a practical approach that can inform initiatives to improve efficiency in...

    Authors: Md Zabir Hasan, Girmaye D. Dinsa and Peter Berman
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:96
  17. Demographic and epidemiological changes have prompted thinking on the need to broaden the child health agenda to include care for complex and chronic conditions in the 0–19 years (paediatric) age range. Provid...

    Authors: Yingxi Zhao, Christiane Hagel, Raymond Tweheyo, Nathanael Sirili, David Gathara and Mike English
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:95
  18. The full participation of women as healthcare providers is recognized globally as critical to favorable outcomes at all levels, including the healthcare system, to achieving universal health coverage and susta...

    Authors: Basnama Ayaz, Maria Athina Martimianakis, Carles Muntaner and Sioban Nelson
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:94
  19. One of the biggest barriers to accessing safe surgical and anesthetic care is lack of trained providers. Uganda has one of the largest deficits in anesthesia providers in the world, and though they are increas...

    Authors: Tyler J. Law, Shivani Subhedar, Fred Bulamba, Nathan N. O’Hara, Mary T. Nabukenya, Cornelius Sendagire, Adam Hewitt-Smith, Michael S. Lipnick and Janat Tumukunde
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:93
  20. The retirement of a family physician can represent a challenge in accessibility and continuity of care for patients. In this population-based, longitudinal cohort study, we assess whether and how long it takes...

    Authors: Lindsay Hedden, Megan A. Ahuja, M. Ruth Lavergne, Kimberlyn M. McGrail, Michael R. Law, Lucy Cheng and Morris L. Barer
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:92
  21. To strengthen health systems, the shortage of physicians globally needs to be addressed. However, efforts to increase the numbers of physicians must be balanced with controls on medical education imparted and ...

    Authors: Wafa Aftab, Mishal Khan, Sonia Rego, Nishant Chavan, Afifah Rahman-Shepherd, Isha Sharma, Shishi Wu, Zahra Zeinali, Rumina Hasan and Sameen Siddiqi
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:91
  22. The shortage of doctors and their unequal distribution serve as challenges to advancing primary healthcare (PHC) and achieving effective universal healthcare coverage in Brazil. In an effort to use nurses’ pot...

    Authors: Carinne Magnago and Celia Regina Pierantoni
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:90
  23. Health workforce planning provides a crucial evidence-base for decision-makers in the development and deployment of a fit-for-purpose workforce. Although less common, health workforce planning at the regional ...

    Authors: Ivy Lynn Bourgeault, Caroline Chamberland-Rowe and Sarah Simkin
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:87

    The original article was published in Human Resources for Health 2021 19:86

    The original article was published in Human Resources for Health 2021 19:85

  24. Health workforce planning capability at a regional level is increasingly necessary to ensure that the healthcare needs of defined local populations can be met by the health workforce. In 2016, a regional healt...

    Authors: Sarah Simkin, Caroline Chamberland-Rowe and Ivy Lynn Bourgeault
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:86

    The Commentary to this article has been published in Human Resources for Health 2021 19:87

  25. A regional health authority in Toronto, Canada, identified health workforce planning as an essential input to the implementation of their comprehensive Primary Care Strategy. The goal of this project was to de...

    Authors: Caroline Chamberland-Rowe, Sarah Simkin and Ivy Lynn Bourgeault
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:85

    The Commentary to this article has been published in Human Resources for Health 2021 19:87

  26. To investigate opportunities for task shifting to decongest an outpatient neurology clinic in Zambia by describing current patient flow through the clinic and potential nodes for intervention using process map...

    Authors: Ana C. Villegas, Deanna Saylor, Michelle Kvalsund, Masharip Atadzhanov, Clarence Chiluba, Lorraine Chishimba, Stanley Zimba, Mashina Chomba and Omar K. Siddiqi
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:88
  27. By 2050, the global demand for orthotic and prosthetic services is expected to double. Unfortunately, the orthotic/prosthetic workforce is not well placed to meet this growing demand. Strengthening the regulat...

    Authors: Leigh Clarke, Louise Puli, Emily Ridgewell, Michael P. Dillon and Sarah Anderson
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:83
  28. The COVID-19 pandemic has made clear the extreme needs of the public health workforce. As societies discuss how to build up the capacity and infrastructure of their systems, it is crucial that young profession...

    Authors: Brian Li Han Wong, Ines Siepmann, Tara T. Chen, Shelby Fisher, Tobias S. Weitzel, Naomi L. Nathan and Diah S. Saminarsih
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:82
  29. Depression is a major population health challenge globally. This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to (i) determine depression prevalence and (ii) identify the risk and protective factors of depression ...

    Authors: Amit Abraham, Karima Chaabna, Sathyanarayanan Doraiswamy, Sapna Bhagat, Javaid Sheikh, Ravinder Mamtani and Sohaila Cheema
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:81
  30. Pharmacists are a crucial part of the health workforce and play an important role in achieving universal health coverage. In China, pharmaceutical human resources are in short supply, and the distribution is u...

    Authors: Ping Liu, Shimeng Liu, Tiantian Gong, Quan Li, Gang Chen and Shunping Li
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:79
  31. The World Federation for Medical Education (WFME) Recognition Programme was created to ensure the comparability of medical school accrediting agencies, so that the schools accredited by those agencies would ha...

    Authors: Kahlo Baniadam, Zakia Arfeen, Mohammed Ahmed Rashid, Ming-Jung Ho and Sean Tackett
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:78
  32. Polish healthcare providers already struggle with a deficiency concerning human resources, especially with regard to doctors and nurses. Because of this, effective HRM interventions should be taken in order to...

    Authors: Beata Buchelt, Bernard Ziębicki, Joanna Jończyk and Joanna Dzieńdziora
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:77
  33. An effective response to an emergency situation relies on health care workers’ preparedness. The main purpose of this study was to provide a comprehensive overview of relevant studies regarding the willingness...

    Authors: Hamideh Nafar, Emir Tahmazi Aghdam, Naser Derakhshani, Nadia Sani’ee, Sakineh Sharifian and Salime Goharinezhad
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:76
  34. Quality of training is determined through programs’ compliance with accreditation standards, often set for a number of years. However, perspectives on quality of training within these standards may differ from...

    Authors: Nesibe Akdemir, Romana Malik, Theanne Walters, Stanley Hamstra and Fedde Scheele
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:75
  35. Safety climate is an essential component of achieving Universal Health Coverage, with several organisational, unit or team-level, and individual health worker factors identified as influencing safety climate. ...

    Authors: Frédérique Vallières, Paul Mubiri, Samuel Agyei Agyemang, Samuel Amon, Jana Gerold, Tim Martineau, Ann Nolan, Thomasena O’Byrne, Lifah Sanudi, Freddie Sengooba and Helen Prytherch
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:73
  36. Japan has opened its labor market to care workers from Indonesia under the Japan–Indonesia Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA). However, few studies have examined the types of care skills transferred between ...

    Authors: Yuko O. Hirano, Susiana Nugraha, Hiroyasu Shiozu, Misako Higashijima and Tri Budi W. Rahardjo
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:71
  37. Accreditation systems in medical education aim to assure various stakeholders that graduates are ready to further their training or begin practice. The purpose of this paper is to explore the current state of ...

    Authors: Deborah Bedoll, Marta van Zanten and Danette McKinley
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:70
  38. Less attractive specialties in medicine are struggling to recruit and retain physicians. When properly organized and delivered, continuing medical education (CME) activities that include short courses, coachin...

    Authors: Van Anh Thi Nguyen, Karen D. Könings, Albert J. J. A. Scherpbier and Jeroen J. G. van Merriënboer
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:69
  39. Job satisfaction refers to the feeling of contentment one experiences with their job. Job satisfaction among opticians is a crucial variable in determining their motivation and has consequential influence on t...

    Authors: Kwadwo Owusu Akuffo, Akosua Kesewah Asare, Elsie Emelia Yelbert, Emmanuel Kobia-Acquah, Emmanuel Kofi Addo, Eldad Agyei-Manu, Thomas Brusah and Prince Antwi Asenso
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:68
  40. Guinea undertook health workforce reform in 2016 following the Ebola outbreak to overcome decades-long shortages and maldistribution of healthcare workers (HCWs). Specifically, over 5000 HCWs were recruited an...

    Authors: Delphin Kolie, Remco Van De Pas, Alexandre Delamou, Nafissatou Dioubaté, Foromo Timothée Beavogui, Patrice Bouedouno, Abdoul Habib Beavogui, Abdoulaye Kaba, Willem Van De Put and Wim Van Damme
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:67
  41. Increasing evidence suggests that sustainable delivery of interprofessional education (IPE) has the potential to lead to interprofessional collaborative practice (IPCP), which in turn has the potential to lead...

    Authors: Mohammad Azzam, Anton Puvirajah, Marie-Andrée Girard and Ruby E. Grymonpre
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:66
  42. The gender pay gap in the United States (US) has narrowed over the last several decades, with the female/male earnings ratio in the US increased from about 60% before the 1980s to about 79% by 2014. However, t...

    Authors: Zhuo Chen, Yihong Zhang, Huabin Luo, Donglan Zhang, Janani Rajbhandari-Thapa, Yuheng Wang, Ruoxi Wang and Grace Bagwell-Adams
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:65
  43. The COVID-19 pandemic posed a huge challenge to the education systems worldwide, forcing many countries to provisionally close educational institutions and deliver courses fully online. The aim of this study w...

    Authors: Wen Li, Robyn Gillies, Mingyu He, Changhao Wu, Shenjun Liu, Zheng Gong and Hong Sun
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:64
  44. In many countries, migrant physicians (MP) tend to fill staff shortages in medical specialties perceived as low status. The aim of this study was to explore aspects that influence MPs’, with a medical degree f...

    Authors: Linda Sturesson, Per J. Palmgren, Magnus Öhlander, Gunnar H. Nilsson and Terese Stenfors
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:63
  45. Historically, immigration has been a significant population driver in Canada. In October 2020, immigration targets were raised to an unprecedented level to support economic recovery in response to COVID-19. In...

    Authors: Andrea Baumann, Mary Crea-Arsenio, Dana Ross and Jennifer Blythe
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:62