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  1. Content type: Review

    Across the globe, a “fit for purpose” health professional workforce is needed to meet health needs and challenges while capitalizing on existing resources and strengths of communities. However, the socio-econo...

    Authors: Björg Pálsdóttir, Jean Barry, Andreia Bruno, Hugh Barr, Amy Clithero, Nadia Cobb, Jan De Maeseneer, Elsie Kiguli-Malwadde, André-Jacques Neusy, Scott Reeves, Roger Strasser and Paul Worley

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2016 14:49

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  2. Content type: Research

    In sub-Saharan Africa, the capacity of human resources for health (HRH) managers to create positive practice environments that enable motivated, productive, and high-performing HRH is weak. We implemented a un...

    Authors: Njoki Ng’ang’a, Mary Woods Byrne, Margaret E. Kruk, Aloisia Shemdoe and Helen de Pinho

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2016 14:47

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  3. Content type: Research

    Nigeria has suffered from several healthcare workers’ strikes in the past 36 months, involving all categories of health workers. Frequent healthcare workers’ strikes result in the closure of public healthcare ...

    Authors: Obinna Ositadimma Oleribe, Iheaka Paul Ezieme, Olabisi Oladipo, Ezinne Patience Akinola, Deborah Udofia and Simon D. Taylor-Robinson

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2016 14:46

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  4. Content type: Research

    Health workforce (HWF) planning and monitoring processes face challenges regarding data and appropriate indicators. One such area fraught with difficulties is labour activity and, more specifically, defining h...

    Authors: Edmond Girasek, Eszter Kovács, Zoltán Aszalós, Edit Eke, Károly Ragány, Réka Kovács, Zoltán Cserháti and Miklós Szócska

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2016 14:42

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  5. Content type: Research

    With the critical shortage of government doctors serving in rural health centers in India, understanding the initial posting policies, processes, and practices become important from a retention point of view. ...

    Authors: Bhaskar Purohit and Tim Martineau

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2016 14:41

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  6. Content type: Research

    This study sought to better understand the drivers of migration, its consequences, and the various strategies countries have employed to mitigate its negative impacts. The study was conducted in four countries...

    Authors: Gail Tomblin Murphy, Adrian MacKenzie, Benjamin Waysome, Joan Guy-Walker, Rowena Palmer, Annette Elliott Rose, Janet Rigby, Ronald Labonté and Ivy Lynn Bourgeault

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2016 14(Suppl 1):36

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 1

  7. Content type: Research

    International recruitment is a common strategy used by high-income countries to meet their medical workforce needs. Ireland, despite training sufficient doctors to meet its internal demand, continues to be hea...

    Authors: Ruairí Brugha, Sara McAleese, Pat Dicker, Ella Tyrrell, Steve Thomas, Charles Normand and Niamh Humphries

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2016 14(Suppl 1):35

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 1

  8. Content type: Research

    Health professionals, particularly doctors, nurses and midwives, are in high demand worldwide. Therefore, it is important to assess the future plans and likelihood of return of emigrating health professionals....

    Authors: Sara McAleese, Barbara Clyne, Anne Matthews, Ruairí Brugha and Niamh Humphries

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2016 14(Suppl 1):34

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 1

  9. Content type: Case study

    Projections indicate a global workforce shortage of approximately 4.3 million across the health professions. The need to ensure an adequate supply of health workers worldwide has created a context for the incr...

    Authors: Franklin A. Shaffer, Mukul Bakhshi, Julia To Dutka and Janice Phillips

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2016 14(Suppl 1):31

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 1

  10. Content type: Research

    The relevance and effectiveness of the WHO Global Code of Practice on the International Recruitment of Personnel will be reviewed by the World Health Assembly in 2015. The origins of the Code of Practice and t...

    Authors: Remco van de Pas, Linda Mans, Giulia de Ponte and Yoswa Dambisya

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2016 14(Suppl 1):30

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 1

  11. Content type: Research

    Medical workforce shortages represent a major challenge in low- and middle-income countries, including those in Africa. Despite this, there is a dearth of information regarding the location and practice of Afr...

    Authors: Miliard Derbew, Adam D. Laytin and Rochelle A. Dicker

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2016 14(Suppl 1):29

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 1

  12. Content type: Research

    Medical diaspora options, including the engagement of expatriate physicians in development efforts within their home country, are being called for to reverse the effects of brain drain from developing countrie...

    Authors: Fayrouz Mohammed Abdalla, Maye Abu Omar and Elsheikh Elsiddig Badr

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2016 14(Suppl 1):28

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 1

  13. Content type: Case study

    The negative consequences of the brain drain of sub-Saharan African health workers for source countries are well documented and include understaffed facilities, decreased standards of care and higher workloads...

    Authors: Annelien Poppe, Silvia Wojczewski, Katherine Taylor, Ruth Kutalek and Wim Peersman

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2016 14(Suppl 1):27

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 1

  14. Content type: Research

    The WHO Global Code of Practice on the International Recruitment of Health Personnel (hereafter the WHO Code) was adopted by the World Health Assembly in 2010 as a voluntary instrument to address challenges of...

    Authors: Ayat Abuagla and Elsheikh Badr

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2016 14(Suppl 1):26

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 1

  15. Content type: Commentary

    The WHO Global Code of Practice on the International Recruitment of Health Personnel was implemented in May 2010. The present commentary offers some insights into what is known about the Code five years on, as...

    Authors: Ivy Lynn Bourgeault, Ronald Labonté, Corinne Packer, Vivien Runnels and Gail Tomblin Murphy

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2016 14(Suppl 1):25

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 1

  16. Content type: Research

    According to data from the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Poland has one of the lowest numbers of nurses (5.2) per 1000 inhabitants among 28 EU countries. The migration of nurses from P...

    Authors: Rafał Szpakowski, Patrycja W. Zając, Grażyna Dykowska, Zofia Sienkiewicz, Anna Augustynowicz and Aleksandra Czerw

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2016 14(Suppl 1):24

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 1

  17. Content type: Research

    The World Health Organization’s Global Code on the International Recruitment of Health Personnel urges Member States to observe fair recruitment practices and ensure equality of treatment of migrant and domest...

    Authors: Ella Tyrrell, Conor Keegan, Niamh Humphries, Sara McAleese, Steve Thomas, Charles Normand and Ruairí Brugha

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2016 14(Suppl 1):23

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 1

  18. Content type: Research

    The Romanian health system is struggling to retain its health workers, who are currently facing strong incentives for migration to Western European health systems. Retention issues, coupled with high levels of...

    Authors: Ligia Paina, Marius Ungureanu and Victor Olsavszky

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2016 14(Suppl 1):22

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 1

  19. Content type: Research

    No study has examined the longitudinal trends in National Council Licensure Exam for Registered Nurse (NCLEX-RN) applicants and pass rates among internationally-educated nurses (IENs) seeking to work in the Un...

    Authors: Allison Squires, Melissa T. Ojemeni and Simon Jones

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2016 14(Suppl 1):21

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 1

  20. Content type: Research

    This study used the global WageIndicator web survey to answer the following research questions: (RQ1) What are the migration patterns of health workers? (RQ2) What are the personal and occupational drivers of ...

    Authors: Daniel H. de Vries, Stephanie Steinmetz and Kea G. Tijdens

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2016 14:40

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  21. Content type: Review

    Over the last decade, Canada has been one of the top destination countries for internationally educated health professionals (IEHPs). After arrival, many struggle to professionally recertify and secure employm...

    Authors: Christine L. Covell, Elena Neiterman and Ivy Lynn Bourgeault

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2016 14:38

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  22. Content type: Research

    Education, regulation and association (ERA) are the supporting pillars of an enabling environment for midwives to provide quality care. This study explores these three pillars in the 73 low- and middle-income ...

    Authors: Sofia Castro Lopes, Andrea Nove, Petra ten Hoope-Bender, Luc de Bernis, Martha Bokosi, Nester T. Moyo and Caroline S. E. Homer

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2016 14:37

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  23. Content type: Research

    Factors that influence performance of community health workers (CHWs) delivering health services are not well understood. A recent logic model proposed categories of support from both health sector and communi...

    Authors: Daniela C. Rodríguez and Lauren A. Peterson

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2016 14:19

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  24. Content type: Research

    Northern Uganda suffered 20 years of conflict which devastated lives and the health system. Since 2006, there has been investment in reconstruction, which includes efforts to rebuild the health workforce. This...

    Authors: Justine Namakula, Sophie Witter and Freddie Ssengooba

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2016 14:18

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  25. Content type: Research

    The need to retain health personnel is a policy challenge undermining health system reform of the 21st century. The need to resolve this global health workforce crisis resulted in the First Global Forum on Hum...

    Authors: Bernard Hope Taderera, Stephen Hendricks and Yogan Pillay

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2016 14:17

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  26. Content type: Case study

    This study sought to assess actions which Indonesia, Sudan, and Tanzania took to implement the health workforce commitments they made at the Third Global Forum on Human Resources for Health (HRH) in November 2...

    Authors: Gilles Dussault, Elsheikh Badr, Hartiah Haroen, Martin Mapunda, Achmad Soebagja Tancarino Mars, Kirana Pritasari and Giorgio Cometto

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2016 14:16

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  27. Content type: Research

    Addressing the shortage of health service providers (doctors and nurses) in rural health centres remains a huge challenge. The lack of motivation of health service providers to serve in rural areas is one of t...

    Authors: Bhaskar Purohit, Abhishek Maneskar and Deepak Saxena

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2016 14:15

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  28. Content type: Research

    Gender discrimination and inequality in health professional education (HPE) affect students and faculty and hinder production of the robust health workforces needed to meet health and development goals, yet HP...

    Authors: Constance Newman, Crystal Ng, Sara Pacqué-Margolis and Diana Frymus

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2016 14:14

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  29. Content type: Research

    In Australia, the approach to health workforce planning has been supply-led and resource-driven rather than need-based. The result has been cycles of shortages and oversupply. These approaches have tended to u...

    Authors: Caroline O. Laurence and Jonathan Karnon

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2016 14:13

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  30. Content type: Commentary

    With a global target set at reducing vision loss by 25% by the year 2019, sub-Saharan Africa with an estimated 4.8 million blind persons will require human resources for eye health (HReH) that need to be avail...

    Authors: Paul Courtright, Wanjiku Mathenge, Amir Bedri Kello, Colin Cook, Khumbo Kalua and Susan Lewallen

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2016 14:11

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  31. Content type: Review

    There is a broad consensus and evidence that shows qualified, accessible, and responsive human resources for health (HRH) can make a major impact on the health of the populations. At the same time, there is wi...

    Authors: Zohra S. Lassi, Nabiha B. Musavi, Blerta Maliqi, Nadia Mansoor, Andres de Francisco, Kadidiatou Toure and Zulfiqar A. Bhutta

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2016 14:10

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  32. Content type: Research

    An effective health workforce is essential for achieving health-related new Sustainable Development Goals. Odisha, one of the states in India with low health indicators, faces challenges in recruiting and reta...

    Authors: Shridhar Kadam, Srinivas Nallala, Sanjay Zodpey, Sanghamitra Pati, Mohammad Akhtar Hussain, Abhimanyu Singh Chauhan, Sovesh Das and Tim Martineau

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2016 14:7

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  33. Content type: Research

    Brazil has experienced difficulties in attracting health professionals (especially doctors and nurses) to practice at the primary health care (PHC) level and in rural and remote areas. This study presents two ...

    Authors: Megan Ireland, Luciana Cavalini, Sabado Girardi, Edson C. Araujo and Magnus Lindelow

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2016 14:6

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  34. Content type: Research

    The Ebola epidemic exposed the weak state of health systems in West Africa and their devastating effect on frontline health workers and the health of populations. Fortunately, recent reviews of mobile technolo...

    Authors: Akaninyene Otu, Bassey Ebenso, Okey Okuzu and Egbe Osifo-Dawodu

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2016 14:5

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  35. Content type: Research

    In the United Republic of Tanzania, as in many regions of Sub-Saharan Africa, staff shortages in the healthcare system are a persistent problem, particularly in rural areas. To explore staff shortages and ways...

    Authors: Aloisia Shemdoe, Godfrey Mbaruku, Angel Dillip, Susan Bradley, JeJe William, Deborah Wason and Zoe Jane-Lara Hildon

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2016 14:2

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  36. Content type: Research

    Clinical officers (COs), a mid-level cadre of health worker, are the backbone of healthcare provision in rural Kenya. However, the vacancy rate for COs in rural primary healthcare facilities is high. Little is...

    Authors: Toshio Takemura, Karina Kielmann and Duane Blaauw

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2016 14:1

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  37. Content type: Research

    Despite impressive decreases in under-five mortality, progress in reducing maternal and neonatal mortality in Tanzania has been slow. We present an evaluation of a cadre of maternal, newborn, and child health ...

    Authors: Amnesty E. LeFevre, Rose Mpembeni, Dereck Chitama, Asha S. George, Diwakar Mohan, David P Urassa, Shivam Gupta, Isabelle Feldhaus, Audrey Pereira, Charles Kilewo, Joy J Chebet, Chelsea M Cooper, Giulia Besana, Harriet Lutale, Dunstan Bishanga, Emmanuel Mtete…

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2015 13:98

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  38. Content type: Research

    Despite considerable evidence showing the importance of the nursing and midwifery workforce, there are no systematic reviews outlining how these cadres are best supported to provide universal access and reduce...

    Authors: A. J. Dawson, A. M. Nkowane and A. Whelan

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2015 13:97

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