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  1. This commentary paper highlights changing patterns of outward migration of Zambian nurses. The aim is to discuss these pattern changes in the light of policy developments in Zambia and in receiving countries.

    Authors: Naomi Hamada, Jill Maben, Barbara McPake and Kara Hanson
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2009 7:83
  2. A recently updated Cochrane systematic review on the effects of lay or community health workers (LHWs) in primary and community health care concluded that LHW interventions could lead to promising benefits in ...

    Authors: Adrijana Corluka, Damian G Walker, Simon Lewin, Claire Glenton and Inger B Scheel
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2009 7:81
  3. The public sectors of developing countries require strengthened capacity in health informatics. In Peru, where formal university graduate degrees in biomedical and health informatics were lacking until recentl...

    Authors: Ann Marie Kimball, Walter H Curioso, Yuzo Arima, Sherrilynne Fuller, Patricia J Garcia, Jose Segovia-Juarez, Jesus M Castagnetto, Fabiola Leon-Velarde and King K Holmes
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2009 7:80
  4. Contracting out health services is a strategy that many health systems in the developing world are following, despite the lack of decisive evidence that this is the best way to improve quality, increase effici...

    Authors: Gustavo H Nigenda and Luz María González
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2009 7:79
  5. Nurses and midwives are the key providers of nursing and midwifery services; in many countries, they form the major category of frontline workers who provide both preventive and curative services in the commun...

    Authors: Annette Mwansa Nkowane, Liliane Boualam, Salah Haithami, El Tayeb Ahmed El Sayed and Helen Mutambo
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2009 7:78
  6. Pneumonia is a leading cause of death among children under five years of age. The Integrated Management of Childhood Illness strategy can improve the quality of care for pneumonia and other common illnesses in...

    Authors: Dawn M Osterholt, Faustin Onikpo, Marcel Lama, Michael S Deming and Alexander K Rowe
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2009 7:77
  7. To increase access to antiretroviral therapy in resource-limited settings, several experts recommend "task shifting" from doctors to clinical officers, nurses and midwives. This study sought to identify task s...

    Authors: Ibrahim M Lutalo, Gisela Schneider, Marcia R Weaver, Jessica H Oyugi, Lydia Mpanga Sebuyira, Richard Kaye, Frank Lule, Elizabeth Namagala, W Michael Scheld, Keith PWJ McAdam and Merle A Sande
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2009 7:76
  8. The scarcity of physicians in sub-Saharan Africa – particularly in rural clinics staffed only by non-physician health workers – is constraining access to HIV treatment, as only they are legally allowed to star...

    Authors: Ashwin Vasan, Nathan Kenya-Mugisha, Kwonjune J Seung, Marion Achieng, Patrick Banura, Frank Lule, Megan Beems, Jim Todd and Elizabeth Madraa
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2009 7:75
  9. Rural and remote areas of Australia are facing serious health workforce shortages. While a number of schemes have been developed to improve recruitment to and retention of the rural health workforce, they will...

    Authors: Deborah Schofield, Susan Fletcher, Jeffery Fuller, Hudson Birden and Sue Page
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2009 7:74
  10. In Japan, physicians freely choose their specialty and workplace, because to date there is no management system to ensure a balanced distribution of physicians. Physicians in Japan start their careers in hospi...

    Authors: Hiroo Ide, Soichi Koike, Tomoko Kodama, Hideo Yasunaga and Tomoaki Imamura
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2009 7:73
  11. Few studies have examined the relation between alexithymia (i.e. the inability to recognize and verbalize emotions) and professional burnout. Considering the absence of relevant studies in the Greek scientific...

    Authors: Dionisios Bratis, Athanasios Tselebis, Christos Sikaras, Aikaterini Moulou, Konstantinos Giotakis, Emmanuel Zoumakis and Ioannis Ilias
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2009 7:72
  12. The University of North Carolina at Charlotte, a doctoral/research-intensive university, is the largest institution of higher education in the Charlotte region. The university currently offers 18 doctoral, 62 ...

    Authors: Michael E Thompson, Andrew Harver and Marquis Eure
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2009 7:71
  13. Increased funding for global human immunodeficiency virus prevention and control in developing countries has created both a challenge and an opportunity for achieving long-term global health goals. This paper ...

    Authors: Donna S Jones, Mufuta Tshimanga, Godfrey Woelk, Peter Nsubuga, Nadine L Sunderland, Shannon L Hader and Michael E St Louis
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2009 7:69
  14. Human resources for health are in crisis worldwide, especially in economically disadvantaged areas and areas with high rates of HIV/AIDS in both health workers and patients. International organizations such as...

    Authors: Erin Ueffing, Peter Tugwell, Janet Hatcher Roberts, Peter Walker, Nadia Hamel and Vivian Welch
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2009 7:67
  15. Shortage of human resources is a major problem facing Malawi, where more than 50% of the population lives in rural areas. Most of the district health services are provided by clinical health officers specially...

    Authors: Ogenna Manafa, Eilish McAuliffe, Fresier Maseko, Cameron Bowie, Malcolm MacLachlan and Charles Normand
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2009 7:65
  16. Providing basic surgical and emergency care in rural settings is essential, particularly in Tanzania, where the mortality burden addressable by emergency and surgical interventions has been estimated at 40%. H...

    Authors: Stephanie Taché, Naboth Mbembati, Nell Marshall, Frank Tendick, Charles Mkony and Patricia O'Sullivan
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2009 7:64
  17. Food handlers have a very important role in preventing food contamination during its preparation and distribution. This responsibility is even greater in hospitals, since a large number of patients have low im...

    Authors: Cilce Helena Figueiredo Preza Bertin, Magda Andrade Rezende, Dirce Maria Sigulem and Tania Beninga Morais
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2009 7:63
  18. In sub-Saharan Africa, maternal and perinatal mortality and morbidity are major problems. Service availability and quality of care in health facilities are heterogeneous and most often inadequate. In resource-...

    Authors: Alexandre Dumont, Caroline Tourigny and Pierre Fournier
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2009 7:61
  19. The mandatory interprofessional education programme at Gunma University was initiated in 1999. This paper is a statistical evaluation of the programme from 1999 to 2007.

    Authors: Hatsue Ogawara, Tomoko Hayashi, Yasuyoshi Asakawa, Kiyotaka Iwasaki, Tamiko Matsuda, Yumiko Abe, Fusae Tozato, Takatoshi Makino, Misako Koizumi, Takako Yasukawa and Hideomi Watanabe
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2009 7:60
  20. The Public Health Resource Network is an innovative distance-learning course in training, motivating, empowering and building a network of health personnel from government and civil society groups. Its aim is ...

    Authors: Anuska Kalita, Sarover Zaidi, Vandana Prasad and VR Raman
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2009 7:57
  21. The fundamental importance of human resources for the development of health care systems is recognized the world over. Health districts, which constitute the middle level of the municipal health care system in...

    Authors: Maria Cristina Ramos de Vasconcellos Coelho, Ada Ávila Assunção and Soraya Almeida Belisário
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2009 7:56
  22. Well-documented shortages of health care workers in sub-Saharan Africa are exacerbated by the increased human resource demands of rapidly expanding HIV care and treatment programmes. The successful continuatio...

    Authors: Gina R Kruse, Bushimbwa Tambatamba Chapula, Scott Ikeda, Mavis Nkhoma, Nicole Quiterio, Debra Pankratz, Kaluba Mataka, Benjamin H Chi, Virginia Bond and Stewart E Reid
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2009 7:55
  23. During the past few years, the pharmacy profession has expanded significantly in terms of professional services delivery and now has been recognized as an important profession in the multidisciplinary provisio...

    Authors: Saira Azhar, Mohamed Azmi Hassali, Mohamed Izham Mohamed Ibrahim, Maqsood Ahmad, Imran Masood and Asrul Akmal Shafie
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2009 7:54
  24. There is growing evidence that informal payments for health care are fairly common in many low- and middle-income countries. Informal payments are reported to have a negative consequence on equity and quality ...

    Authors: Silvia Stringhini, Steve Thomas, Posy Bidwell, Tina Mtui and Aziza Mwisongo
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2009 7:53
  25. Patient, or parent/guardian, satisfaction with health care provision is important to health outcomes. Poor relationships with health workers, particularly with nursing staff, have been reported to reduce satis...

    Authors: Rachel N Manongi, Fortunata R Nasuwa, Rose Mwangi, Hugh Reyburn, Anja Poulsen and Clare IR Chandler
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2009 7:50
  26. Ever since the 2006 World Health Report advocated increased community participation and the systematic delegation of tasks to less-specialized cadres, there has been a great deal of debate about the expediency, e...

    Authors: Uta Lehmann, Wim Van Damme, Francoise Barten and David Sanders
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2009 7:49
  27. Pharmacists' roles are evolving from that of compounders and dispensers of medicines to that of experts on medicines within multidisciplinary health care teams. In the developing country context, the pharmacy ...

    Authors: Claire Anderson, Ian Bates, Diane Beck, Tina Penick Brock, Billy Futter, Hugo Mercer, Mike Rouse, Sarah Whitmarsh, Tana Wuliji and Akemi Yonemura
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2009 7:45
  28. The human resource shortage in Zambia is placing a heavy burden on the few health care workers available at health facilities. The Zambia Prevention, Care and Treatment Partnership began training and placing c...

    Authors: Parsa Sanjana, Kwasi Torpey, Alison Schwarzwalder, Caroline Simumba, Prisca Kasonde, Lameck Nyirenda, Paul Kapanda, Matilda Kakungu-Simpungwe, Mushota Kabaso and Catherine Thompson
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2009 7:44
  29. The purpose of this paper is to present a complex yet transparent, computable model to simulate the regulation of the flow of personnel through a previously described multiple-entry, multiple-exit eye care tra...

    Authors: Keith Masnick
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2009 7:42
  30. During the last two decades the German hospital sector has been engaged in a constant process of transformation. One obvious sign of this is the growing amount of hospital privatization. To date, most research...

    Authors: Stefanie Mache, Cristian Scutaru, Karin Vitzthum, David Quarcoo, Norman Schöffel, Tobias Welte, Burghard F Klapp and David A Groneberg
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2009 7:41
  31. Prevention of mother-to-child transmission has been considered as not a simple intervention but a comprehensive set of interventions requiring capable health workers. Viet Nam's extensive health care system re...

    Authors: Thu Anh Nguyen, Pauline Oosterhoff, Yen Ngoc Pham, Anita Hardon and Pamela Wright
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2009 7:39
  32. An estimated four million deaths occur each year among children in the neonatal period. Current evidence-based interventions could prevent a large proportion of these deaths. However, health care workers invol...

    Authors: Leif Eriksson, Nguyen Thu Nga, Mats Målqvist, Lars-Åke Persson, Uwe Ewald and Lars Wallin
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2009 7:36