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  1. The early weeks of the COVID-19 pandemic brought multiple concurrent threats—high patient volume and acuity and, simultaneously, increased risk to health workers. Healthcare managers and decision-makers needed...

    Authors: Alison Coates, Asli-Oubah Fuad, Amanda Hodgson and Ivy Lynn Bourgeault
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:154
  2. South Africa is an upper middle-income country with wide wealth inequality. It faces a quadruple burden of disease and poor health outcomes, with access to appropriate and adequate health care a challenge for ...

    Authors: L. S. Thomas, E. Buch, Y. Pillay and J. Jordaan
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:153
  3. Clinical mentorship is effective in improving knowledge and competence of health providers and may be a useful task sharing approach for improving antiretroviral therapy. However, the endurance of the effect o...

    Authors: Dan K. Senjovu, Sarah Naikoba, Pallen Mugabe, Damazo T. Kadengye, Carey McCarthy, Patricia L. Riley and Shona Dalal
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:150
  4. Adverse consequences of physician turnover include financial losses, reduced patient satisfaction, and organizational instability. However, no study has reported the prevalence among emergency physicians. This...

    Authors: Shijiao Yan, Xin Shen, Rixing Wang, Zhiqian Luo, Xiaotong Han, Yong Gan and Chuanzhu Lv
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:149
  5. The occupation of community health worker (CHW) has evolved to support community member navigation of complex health and social systems. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics formally recognized the occupation o...

    Authors: Tammie M. Jones, Alex Schulte, Suhashini Ramanathan, Meron Assefa, Srilatha Rebala and Peggy J. Maddox
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:148
  6. The third global State of the World’s Midwifery report (SoWMy 2021) provides an updated evidence base on the sexual, reproductive, maternal, newborn and adolescent health (SRMNAH) workforce. For the first time...

    Authors: Andrea Nove, Petra ten Hoope-Bender, Martin Boyce, Sarah Bar-Zeev, Luc de Bernis, Geeta Lal, Zoë Matthews, Million Mekuria and Caroline S. E. Homer
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:146
  7. Community health workers (CHWs) deliver services at-scale to reduce maternal and child undernutrition, but often face inadequate support from the health system to perform their job well. Supportive supervision...

    Authors: Lakshmi Gopalakrishnan, Nadia Diamond-Smith, Rasmi Avula, Purnima Menon, Lia Fernald, Dilys Walker and Sumeet Patil
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:145
  8. There is limited information on community health volunteer (CHV) programmes in urban informal settlements in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). This is despite such settings accounting for a high burden...

    Authors: Michael Ogutu, Kui Muraya, David Mockler and Catherine Darker
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:144
  9. The COVID-19 pandemic impacted the practices and resilience of most healthcare workers, including dieticians. In addition to offering critical care to COVID-19 patients, dieticians play a major role in prevent...

    Authors: Farah Naja, Hadia Radwan, Leila Cheikh Ismail, Mona Hashim, Wafaa Helmi Rida, Salma Abu Qiyas, Karen Bou-Karroum and Mohamad Alameddine
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:141
  10. Human Resources for Health (HRH) are crucial for improving health services coverage and population health outcomes. The World Health Organisation (WHO) promotes countries to formulate holistic policies that fo...

    Authors: Sweta Dubey, Jeel Vasa and Siddhesh Zadey
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:139
  11. Health care workers (HCWs) are among the high-risk groups in contracting and dying from COVID-19. World Health Organization estimates that over 10,000 HCWs in Africa have been infected with COVID-19 making it ...

    Authors: Robert Kaba Alhassan, Seth Owusu-Agyei, Evelyn Korkor Ansah and Margaret Gyapong
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:136
  12. A shortage of physicians, especially in vulnerable and peri-urban areas, is a global phenomenon that has serious implications for health systems, demanding policies to assure the provision and retention of hea...

    Authors: Helena Eri Shimizu, Leonor Maria Pacheco Santos, Mauro Niskier Sanchez, Thomas Hone, Christopher Millett and Matthew Harris
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:134
  13. The provision of healthcare during the pandemic caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus represented a challenge for the management of the resources in the primary care centres. We proposed assessing burnout among the s...

    Authors: Isaac Aranda-Reneo, Azucena Pedraz-Marcos and Montserrat Pulido-Fuentes
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:133
  14. ‘Grow your own’ strategies are considered important for developing rural workforce capacity. They involve selecting health students from specific rural regions and training them for extended periods in the sam...

    Authors: Matthew R. McGrail and Belinda G. O’Sullivan
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:132
  15. Since the focus of healthcare has shifted toward prevention, pharmacists were highly encouraged to expand their practice to include immunization services. Our study aimed to assess the knowledge, attitudes and...

    Authors: Dalal Youssef, Linda Abou-Abbas, Suzan Farhat and Hamad Hassan
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:131
  16. During participation in Field Epidemiology Training Programs (FETP) residents/fellows generate scientific evidence from the various public health projects they are engaged in. However, this evidence is not suf...

    Authors: Lilian Bulage, Alex Riolexus Ario, Steven N. Kabwama, Benon Kwesiga, Daniel Kadobera, Christine Kihembo, Simon Antara and Rhoda K. Wanyenze
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:128
  17. Studies on the workforce in rehabilitation in primary health care services are still unusual in health systems analysis. Data on the health worker density at the subnational level in rehabilitation in primary ...

    Authors: Debora Bernardo da Silva, Taciana Rocha dos Santos Sixel, Arthur de Almeida Medeiros, Paulo Henrique dos Santos Mota, Aylene Bousquat and Ana Carolina Basso Schmitt
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:127
  18. Many factors contribute to engagement in rural and remote (RR) medical practice, but little is known about the factors associated with rural and remote medical practice in such remote locations as the Maluku P...

    Authors: Farah Noya, Sandra Carr, Sandra Thompson, Rhonda Clifford and Denese Playford
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:126
  19. To track progress in maternal and child health (MCH), understanding the health workforce is important. This study seeks to systematically review evidence on the profile and density of MCH workers in China.

    Authors: Huan Zhang, Xiaoyun Liu, Loveday Penn-Kekana and Carine Ronsmans
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:125
  20. The annual recruitment of new graduate nurses and midwives is key to recruiting large numbers of staff with the right attitude, skills and knowledge who are the best fit for the organisation. Virtual interview...

    Authors: Doreen Holm, Se Ok Ohr and Michelle Giles
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:121
  21. The World Health Organization’s Global Strategy on Human Resources for Health (HRH) emphasizes the importance of dynamic and effective health worker regulation for achieving the health-related Sustainable Deve...

    Authors: Cheick Oumar Touré, Sujata Bijou, Melanie Joiner, Andrew Brown, Jeanne Tessougué, Hamada Maiga, Fatoumata Dicko and Abdel Kader Keïta
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:119
  22. The existing studies showed that frontline healthcare workers during an epidemic experienced unusual stressors and mental distress which even lasted for years after the crisis. It is important to learn about t...

    Authors: Lingling Zhang, Kimberlee L. Flike, C. Ann Gakumo, Ling Shi, Suzanne G. Leveille and Linda S. Thompson
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:118
  23. Safe, high-quality surgical care in many African countries is a critical need. Challenges include availability of surgical providers, improving quality of care, and building workforce capacity. Despite growing...

    Authors: Shehnaz Alidina, Leopold Tibyehabwa, Sakshie Sanjay Alreja, David Barash, Danta Bien-Aime, Monica Cainer, Kevin Charles, Edwin Ernest, Joachim Eyembe, Laura Fitzgerald, Geofrey C. Giiti, Augustino Hellar, Yahaya Hussein, Furaha Kahindo, Benard Kenemo, Albert Kihunrwa…
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:115
  24. The integration of non-conventional therapies (NCT) into health policies and health services delivery is a worldwide trend and might have a role in achieving Universal Health Coverage. WHO has encouraged count...

    Authors: Pascoal Amaral and Inês Fronteira
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:114
  25. Nurses and midwives play a critical role in the provision of care and the optimization of health services resources worldwide, which is particularly relevant during the current COVID-19 pandemic. However, they...

    Authors: Alba Llop-Gironés, Ana Vračar, Gisela Llop-Gironés, Joan Benach, Livia Angeli-Silva, Lucero Jaimez, Pramila Thapa, Ramesh Bhatta, Santosh Mahindrakar, Sara Bontempo Scavo, Sonia Nar Devi, Susana Barria, Susana Marcos Alonso and Mireia Julià
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:112
  26. Shortages and maldistribution of healthcare workers persist despite efforts to increase the number of practitioners. Evidence to support policy planning and decisions is essential. The World Health Organizatio...

    Authors: James Antwi, Anthony Asare Arkoh, Joseph Kiprop Choge, Turi Woticha Dibo, Alias Mahmud, Enkhtuya Vankhuu, Erick Kizito Wanyama and Danette Waller McKinley
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:110
  27. Village clinic doctors (VCDs) are part of the health service force in rural China. VCDs’ job satisfaction (JS) is important to the stability of the three-tiered health service system. Since 2009, the Chinese g...

    Authors: Zhongming Chen, Lifang Zhou, Haiyuan Lv, Kui Sun, Hongwei Guo, Jinwei Hu, Qianqian Yu, Dongmei Huang, Dongping Ma, Zhiqiang Feng, Changhai Tang, Mengna Dai and Wenqiang Yin
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:109
  28. Physiotherapy and rehabilitative services are an integral part of patient care, but in many developing countries they are not considered a priority and are either not available or not easily accessible to thos...

    Authors: Monu Tamang and Thinley Dorji
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:107
  29. In Sierra Leone (SL), a low-income country in West Africa, dental care is very limited, largely private, and with services focused in the capital Freetown. There is no formal dental education. Ten dentists sup...

    Authors: Swapnil Gajendra Ghotane, Patric Don-Davis, David Kamara, Paul R. Harper, Stephen J. Challacombe and Jennifer E. Gallagher
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:106
  30. Healthcare has been identified as a job engine during recent recessions in the U.S. Whether the healthcare sector provides better than average pay remains a question. This study investigates if wages grew with...

    Authors: Janis Barry
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:105

    The Correction to this article has been published in Human Resources for Health 2021 19:137

  31. A significant shortage of healthcare workforce exists globally. To achieve Universal Healthcare coverage, governments need to enhance their community-based health programmes. Community health volunteers (CHVs)...

    Authors: Njeri Nyanja, Nelson Nyamu, Lucy Nyaga, Sophie Chabeda, Adelaide Lusambili, Marleen Temmerman, Michaela Mantel and Anthony Ngugi
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:104
  32. Attracting and retaining sufficient health workers to provide adequate services for residents of rural and remote areas has global significance. High income countries (HICs) face challenges in staffing rural a...

    Authors: Deborah Russell, Supriya Mathew, Michelle Fitts, Zania Liddle, Lorna Murakami-Gold, Narelle Campbell, Mark Ramjan, Yuejen Zhao, Sonia Hines, John S. Humphreys and John Wakerman
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:103
  33. Japan has established comprehensive education-scholarship programs to supply physicians in rural areas. Their entrants now comprise 16% of all medical students, and graduates must work in rural areas for a des...

    Authors: Masatoshi Matsumoto, Yasushi Matsuyama, Saori Kashima, Soichi Koike, Yuji Okazaki, Kazuhiko Kotani, Tetsuhiro Owaki, Shizukiyo Ishikawa, Seitaro Iguchi, Hitoaki Okazaki and Takahiro Maeda
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:102
  34. Maintaining sufficient health care workforce is a global priority to achieve universal health coverage. Therefore this study addresses the availability of physiotherapists in Brazil.

    Authors: Carolina Hart Rodés, João Vitor Lovato Daré, Bruna Carolina de Araujo, Leonardo Graciani, Silvia Maria Amado João, Ana Claudia Camargo Gonçalves Germani and Ana Carolina Basso Schmitt
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:101
  35. Regulation is a critical function in the governance of health workforces. In many countries, regulatory councils for health professionals guide the development and implementation of health workforce policy, bu...

    Authors: Veena Sriram, Vikash R. Keshri and Kiran Kumbhar
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:100
  36. Lack of programmatic support and supervision is one of the underlying reasons of the poor performance of Pakistan’s Lady Health Worker Program (LHWP). This study describes the findings and potential for scale-...

    Authors: Wafa Aftab, Suneel Piryani and Fauziah Rabbani
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:99
  37. Visa trainees (international medical graduates [IMG] who train in Canada under a student or employment visa) are expected to return home after completing their training. We examine the retention patterns of vi...

    Authors: Maria Mathews, Dania Koudieh, Yanqing Yi, Lindsay Hedden, Emily Gard Marshall, Asoka Samarasena, Geoff Barnum and Ivy Bourgeault
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:98
  38. Providing sufficient numbers of human resources for health is essential for effective and accessible health services. Between 2013 and 2018, the Brazilian Ministry of Health implemented the Programa Mais Médicos ...

    Authors: Charlotte Bexson, Christopher Millett, Leonor Maria Pacheco Santos, Ricardo de Sousa Soares, Felipe Proenço de Oliveira and Thomas Hone
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:97
  39. A simple indicator of technical efficiency, such as productivity of health workers, measured using routine health facility data, can be a practical approach that can inform initiatives to improve efficiency in...

    Authors: Md Zabir Hasan, Girmaye D. Dinsa and Peter Berman
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:96
  40. Demographic and epidemiological changes have prompted thinking on the need to broaden the child health agenda to include care for complex and chronic conditions in the 0–19 years (paediatric) age range. Provid...

    Authors: Yingxi Zhao, Christiane Hagel, Raymond Tweheyo, Nathanael Sirili, David Gathara and Mike English
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:95
  41. The full participation of women as healthcare providers is recognized globally as critical to favorable outcomes at all levels, including the healthcare system, to achieving universal health coverage and susta...

    Authors: Basnama Ayaz, Maria Athina Martimianakis, Carles Muntaner and Sioban Nelson
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:94
  42. One of the biggest barriers to accessing safe surgical and anesthetic care is lack of trained providers. Uganda has one of the largest deficits in anesthesia providers in the world, and though they are increas...

    Authors: Tyler J. Law, Shivani Subhedar, Fred Bulamba, Nathan N. O’Hara, Mary T. Nabukenya, Cornelius Sendagire, Adam Hewitt-Smith, Michael S. Lipnick and Janat Tumukunde
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:93
  43. The retirement of a family physician can represent a challenge in accessibility and continuity of care for patients. In this population-based, longitudinal cohort study, we assess whether and how long it takes...

    Authors: Lindsay Hedden, Megan A. Ahuja, M. Ruth Lavergne, Kimberlyn M. McGrail, Michael R. Law, Lucy Cheng and Morris L. Barer
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:92
  44. To strengthen health systems, the shortage of physicians globally needs to be addressed. However, efforts to increase the numbers of physicians must be balanced with controls on medical education imparted and ...

    Authors: Wafa Aftab, Mishal Khan, Sonia Rego, Nishant Chavan, Afifah Rahman-Shepherd, Isha Sharma, Shishi Wu, Zahra Zeinali, Rumina Hasan and Sameen Siddiqi
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:91
  45. The shortage of doctors and their unequal distribution serve as challenges to advancing primary healthcare (PHC) and achieving effective universal healthcare coverage in Brazil. In an effort to use nurses’ pot...

    Authors: Carinne Magnago and Celia Regina Pierantoni
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:90
  46. Health workforce planning provides a crucial evidence-base for decision-makers in the development and deployment of a fit-for-purpose workforce. Although less common, health workforce planning at the regional ...

    Authors: Ivy Lynn Bourgeault, Caroline Chamberland-Rowe and Sarah Simkin
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:87

    The original article was published in Human Resources for Health 2021 19:86

    The original article was published in Human Resources for Health 2021 19:85

  47. Health workforce planning capability at a regional level is increasingly necessary to ensure that the healthcare needs of defined local populations can be met by the health workforce. In 2016, a regional healt...

    Authors: Sarah Simkin, Caroline Chamberland-Rowe and Ivy Lynn Bourgeault
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:86

    The Commentary to this article has been published in Human Resources for Health 2021 19:87