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  1. Peripartum deaths remain significantly high in low- and middle-income countries, including Kenya. The COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted essential services, which could lead to an increase in maternal and neonata...

    Authors: Rachel Wangari Kimani, Rose Maina, Constance Shumba and Sheila Shaibu
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:75
  2. The global movement of internationally qualified health practitioners (IQHPs), seeking to live and work outside of their place of origin, is subject to considerable study and scrutiny. Extensive published mate...

    Authors: Melissa Cooper, Philippa Rasmussen and Judy Magarey
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:74
  3. Bangladesh did not have dedicated professional midwives in public sector health facilities until recently, when the country started a nation-wide programme to educate and deploy diploma midwives. The objective...

    Authors: Rashid U. Zaman, Adiba Khaled, Muhammod Abdus Sabur, Shahidul Islam, Shehlina Ahmed, Joe Varghese, Della Sherratt and Sophie Witter
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:73
  4. Numerous studies have found negative outcomes between shift work and physical, emotional, and mental health. Many professional caregivers are required to work shifts outside of the typical 9 am to 5 pm workday...

    Authors: Oluwagbohunmi Awosoga, Claudia Steinke, Christina Nord, Jon Doan, Stephanie Varsanyi, Jeff Meadows, Adesola Odole and Sheli Murphy
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:70
  5. Although pay-for-performance (P4P) among primary care physicians for enhanced chronic disease management is increasingly common, the evidence base is fragmented in terms of socially equitable impacts in achiev...

    Authors: Neeru Gupta and Holly M. Ayles
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:69
  6. Midwifery students’ intention to stay in the profession can be influenced by how the interface of their work and personal life is affected by their clinical placement experience. The purpose of this study is t...

    Authors: Farimah HakemZadeh, Elena Neiterman, James Chowhan, Jennifer Plenderleith, Johanna Geraci, Isik Zeytinoglu and Derek Lobb
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:68
  7. There are ongoing accessibility challenges in primary care in British Columbia, Canada, with 17% of the population not having a regular source of care. Anecdotal evidence suggests that physicians are moving aw...

    Authors: Lindsay Hedden, Setareh Banihosseini, Nardia Strydom and Rita McCracken
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:67
  8. Community health workers (CHWs) are increasingly engaged to address human resource shortages and fill primary healthcare gaps. In Eswatini, a cadre of CHWs called Rural Health Motivators (RHM) was introduced i...

    Authors: Caroline Walker, Doris Burtscher, John Myeni, Bernhard Kerschberger, Bernadette Schausberger, Barbara Rusch, Nosipho Dlamini and Katherine Whitehouse
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:66
  9. The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has high maternal mortality and a low number of midwives, which undermines the achievement of goal 3 of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) for 2030, specifically th...

    Authors: Malin Bogren, Malin Grahn, Berthollet Bwira Kaboru and Marie Berg
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:65
  10. Identification of the service competences of family physicians is central to ensuring high-quality primary care and improving patient outcomes. However, little is known about how to assess the family physician...

    Authors: Ziling Ni, Xiaohe Wang, Siyu Zhou and Tao Zhang
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:64
  11. Recruiting and retaining a skilled health workforce is a common challenge for remote and rural communities worldwide, negatively impacting access to services, and in turn peoples’ health. The research literatu...

    Authors: Birgit Abelsen, Roger Strasser, David Heaney, Peter Berggren, Sigurður Sigurðsson, Helen Brandstorp, Jennifer Wakegijig, Niclas Forsling, Penny Moody-Corbett, Gwen Healey Akearok, Anne Mason, Claire Savage and Pam Nicoll
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:63
  12. Cancer incidence and mortality in sub-Saharan Africa are increasing and do account for significant premature death. The expertise of health care providers is critical to downstaging cancer at diagnosis and imp...

    Authors: Josaphat Byamugisha, Ian G. Munabi, Aloysius G. Mubuuke, Amos D. Mwaka, Mike Kagawa, Isaac Okullo, Nixon Niyonzima, Pastan Lusiba, Peruth Ainembabazi, Caroline Kankunda, Dennis D. Muhumuza, Jackson Orem, Diana Atwine and Charles Ibingira
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:62
  13. The Namibian Ministry of Health and Social Services (MoHSS) piloted the first HIV Project ECHO (Extension for Community Health Outcomes) in Africa at 10 clinical sites between 2015 and 2016. Goals of Project E...

    Authors: Leonard Bikinesi, Gillian O’Bryan, Clay Roscoe, Tadesse Mekonen, Naemi Shoopala, Assegid T. Mengistu, Souleymane Sawadogo, Simon Agolory, Gram Mutandi, Valerie Garises, Rituparna Pati, Laura Tison, Ledor Igboh, Carla Johnson, Evelyn M. Rodriguez, Tedd Ellerbrock…
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:61
  14. The development of labour productivity is relevant for accurately planning future staffing requirements, especially in sectors where technological developments may drive labour substitution. The present study ...

    Authors: Jos L. T. Blank, Thomas K. Niaounakis and Vivian G. Valdmanis
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:60
  15. The public-private mix of healthcare remains controversial. This paper examines physicians’ preferences for public sector work in the context of dual practice, whilst accounting for other differences in the ch...

    Authors: Anthony Scott, Jon Helgeim Holte and Julia Witt
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:59
  16. Community health workers (CHWs) are critical players in fragile settings, where staff shortages are particularly acute, health indicators are poor and progress towards Universal Health Coverage is slow. Like o...

    Authors: Joanna Raven, Haja Wurie, Ayesha Idriss, Abdulai Jawo Bah, Amuda Baba, Gartee Nallo, Karsor K. Kollie, Laura Dean, Rosie Steege, Tim Martineau and Sally Theobald
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:58
  17. The “Mais Médicos (More Doctors) Program” established in 2013 by the Brazilian Government aimed to reduce inequalities by means of an emergency provision of physicians, the improvement of medical care service in ...

    Authors: Aimê Oliveira, Jorge Otávio Maia Barreto, Sidclei Queiroga de Araújo and Leonor Maria Pacheco Santos
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:57
  18. With increasing recognition of intimate partner violence (IPV) as a public health challenge, nurses and midwives are recognized for their crucial role in providing front-line healthcare services for IPV. This ...

    Authors: Joel Seme Ambikile, Sebalda Leshabari and Mayumi Ohnishi
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:56
  19. The use of traditional and complementary medicines (TM/CMs) has become an increasingly popular part of healthcare and self-care practices across the world. While the benefits and risks of many TM/CMs are yet t...

    Authors: Joanna E. Harnett, Shane P. Desselle, Hao Hu and Carolina Oi Lam Ung
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:55
  20. Close-to-community (CTC) health service providers are a cost-effective and important resource in the promotion of and increasing access to health services. However, many CTC provider programmes suffer from hig...

    Authors: Frédérique Vallières, Maryse Kok, Ilias Mahmud, Malabika Sarker, Philippa Jeacocke, Robinson Karuga, Licia Limato, Aschenaki Z. Kea, Kingsley Chikaphupha, Mohsin Sidat, Brynne Gilmore and Miriam Taegtmeyer
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:54
  21. Despite the growing demand for community nurses, their number remains relatively low. We examined perceptions of final-year nursing students regarding their preferred work setting after graduation and the fact...

    Authors: Yael Sela, Keren Grinberg, Yair Shapiro and Rachel Nissanholtz-Gannot
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:53
  22. Mentoring programs for nurses already in the health workforce are growing in importance. Yet, the settings, goals, scale, and key features of these programs are not widely known.

    Authors: Jerilyn Hoover, Adam D. Koon, Erica N. Rosser and Krishna D. Rao
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:52
  23. Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) faces the highest burden of disease amenable to surgery while having the lowest surgeon to population ratio in the world. Some 25 SSA countries use surgical task-shifting from physicia...

    Authors: Phylisha van Heemskerken, Henk Broekhuizen, Jakub Gajewski, Ruairí Brugha and Leon Bijlmakers
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:51
  24. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Onyema Ajuebor, Carey McCarthy, Yin Li, Sumaya Mohamed Al-Blooshi, Nonhlanhla Makhanya and Giorgio Cometto
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:50

    The original article was published in Human Resources for Health 2019 17:54

  25. The use of appropriate and relevant nurse-sensitive indicators provides an opportunity to demonstrate the unique contributions of nurses to patient outcomes. The aim of this work was to develop relevant metric...

    Authors: David Gathara, Mathias Zosi, George Serem, Jacinta Nzinga, Georgina A. V. Murphy, Debra Jackson, Sharon Brownie and Mike English
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:34
  26. Despite the large investments in donor-related health activities in areas of the globe prone to tension and conflict, few studies have examined in detail the role of these donor investments in human resources ...

    Authors: Adeyemi Okunogbe, Diana Bowser, Gulin Gedik, Saha Naseri, Ayat Abu-Agla and Najibullah Safi
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:48
  27. Community health workers (CHWs) are widely recognized as essential to addressing disparities in health care delivery and outcomes in US vulnerable populations. In the state of Arizona, the sustainability of th...

    Authors: Maia Ingram, Samantha Sabo, Floribella Redondo, Yanitza Soto, Kim Russell, Heather Carter, Brook Bender and Jill Guernsey de Zapien
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:46
  28. Auxiliary nurse midwives (ANMs) play a pivotal role in provision of maternal and newborn health at primary level in India. Effective in-service training is crucial for upgrading their knowledge and skills for ...

    Authors: Shilpa Karvande, Vidula Purohit, Somasundari Somla Gopalakrishnan, B. Subha Sri, Matthews Mathai and Nerges Mistry
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:45
  29. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Julio César Montañez-Hernández, Jacqueline Elizabeth Alcalde-Rabanal, Gustavo Humberto Nigenda-López, Gladis Patricia Aristizábal-Hoyos and Lorena Dini
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:44

    The original article was published in Human Resources for Health 2020 18:40

  30. Many high- and middle-income countries face challenges in developing and maintaining a health workforce which can address changing population health needs. They have experimented with interventions which overl...

    Authors: Sophie Witter, Mariam M. Hamza, Nahar Alazemi, Mohammed Alluhidan, Taghred Alghaith and Christopher H. Herbst
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:43
  31. In recent years, the role of a midwife has expanded to include the provision of abortion-related care. The laws on abortion in many European countries allow for those who hold a conscientious objection to part...

    Authors: Valerie Fleming, Clare Maxwell and Beate Ramsayer
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:42
  32. Workforce studies often identify burnout as a nursing ‘outcome’. Yet, burnout itself—what constitutes it, what factors contribute to its development, and what the wider consequences are for individuals, organi...

    Authors: Chiara Dall’Ora, Jane Ball, Maria Reinius and Peter Griffiths
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:41
  33. The third Sustainable Development Goal aims to ensure healthy lives and to promote well-being for all at all ages. The health system plays a key role in achieving these goals and must have sufficient human res...

    Authors: Julio César Montañez-Hernández, Jacqueline Elizabeth Alcalde-Rabanal, Gustavo Humberto Nigenda-López, Gladis Patricia Aristizábal-Hoyos and Lorena Dini
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:40

    The Correction to this article has been published in Human Resources for Health 2020 18:44

  34. Mozambique’s community health programme has a disproportionate number of male community health workers (known as Agentes Polivalentes Elementares (APEs)). The Government of Mozambique is aiming to increase the...

    Authors: Rosalind Steege, Miriam Taegtmeyer, Sozinho Ndima, Celso Give, Mohsin Sidat, Clara Ferrão and Sally Theobald
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:37
  35. The complexity of nursing practice increases the risk of nurses suffering from mental health issues, such as substance use disorders, anxiety, burnout, depression, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The...

    Authors: Christine L. Covell, Shamel Rolle Sands, Kenchera Ingraham, Melanie Lavoie-Tremblay, Sheri L. Price, Carol Reichert and Ivy L. Bourgeault
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:36
  36. Community health workers (CHWs) in Afghanistan are a critical care extender for primary health services, including reproductive, maternal, neonatal, and child health (RMNCH) care. However, volunteer CHWs face ...

    Authors: Lara Lorenzetti, Jenae Tharaldson, Subarna Pradhan, Sayed Haroon Rastagar, Shafiqullah Hemat, Sharif A. H. Ahmadzai, Lisa S. Dulli, Amy Weissman and Catherine S. Todd
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:35
  37. Primary health care (PHC), of which preventive medicine (PM) is a subspecialty, will have to cope with a deficiency of staff in the future, which makes the retention of graduates urgent. This study was conduct...

    Authors: Van Anh Thi Nguyen, Karen D. Könings, E. Pamela Wright, Giang Bao Kim, Hoat Ngoc Luu, Albert J. J. A. Scherpbier and Jeroen J. G. van Merriënboer
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:32
  38. Pharmaceutical care has been playing an increasingly critical role in Chinese hospitals. However, evidence about the most recent development of pharmaceutical care in China is limited. This study analyzed the ...

    Authors: Mingshuang Li, Man Cao, Jing Sun, Yu Jiang and Yuanli Liu
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:31
  39. In the face of the medical workforce shortage, several countries have promoted the opening of medical schools and the expansion of undergraduate and specialization education in medicine. Few studies have compa...

    Authors: Mário César Scheffer, Maria Pastor-Valero, Alex Jones Flores Cassenote and Antonio F. Compañ Rosique
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:30
  40. This study compares perspectives on specialized ophthalmic medical institutions, identifies the gaps in property and geographic offerings, and explores the ways that ophthalmic medical institutions can better ...

    Authors: Leilei Zhan, Neha Safaya, Hana Erkou, Lei An, Zhifeng Wang, Jingjing Feng and Xiao Xu
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:29
  41. In-hospital logistic management barriers (LMB) are considered to be important risk factors for delays in TB diagnosis and treatment initiation (TB-dt), which perpetuates TB transmission and the development of ...

    Authors: Miguelhete Lisboa, Inês Fronteira, Paul H. Mason and Maria do Rosário O. Martins
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:28
  42. Family medicine (FM) is a relatively new discipline in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), still struggling to find its place in the African health systems. The aim of this review was to describe the current status of F...

    Authors: Maaike Flinkenflögel, Vincent Sethlare, Vincent Kalumire Cubaka, Mpundu Makasa, Abraham Guyse and Jan De Maeseneer
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:27
  43. In 2013, Kenya fully and rapidly devolved health services to 47 county governments under its new constitution. It soon became evident that the coordination mechanism to manage the health workforce at a county ...

    Authors: Mathew Kariuki Thuku, Janet Muriuki, Ummuro Adano, Linet Oyucho and David Nelson
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:26
  44. Many countries in sub-Saharan Africa have adopted task shifting of surgical responsibilities to non-physician clinicians (NPCs) as a solution to address workforce shortages. There is resistance to delegating s...

    Authors: Jakub Gajewski, Nasser Monzer, Chiara Pittalis, Leon Bijlmakers, Mweene Cheelo, John Kachimba and Ruairi Brugha
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:25