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  1. Medical doctors with postgraduate training in Global Health and Tropical Medicine (MDGHTM) from the Netherlands, a high-income country with a relatively low caesarean section rate, assist associate clinicians ...

    Authors: Wouter Bakker, Emma Bakker, Christiaan Huigens, Emily Kaunda, Timothy Phiri, Jogchum Beltman, Jos van Roosmalen and Thomas van den Akker
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:87
  2. Different social segments from several regions of the world face challenges in order to achieve the sustainable development goals (SDGs). Nursing represents the greatest number of health workforce in the globe...

    Authors: Isabel Amélia Costa Mendes, Carla Aparecida Arena Ventura, Ítalo Rodolfo Silva, Elucir Gir, Emerson Willian Santos de Almeida, Artur Acelino Francisco Luz Nunes Queiroz, Bruna Sordi Carrara, Raquel Helena Hernandez Fernandes, Tiago Privado da Silva and Álvaro Francisco Lopes de Sousa
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:86
  3. Pharmacists play an important role in promoting people’s health in Japan, which has an aging population. Hence, it is necessary that the distribution of pharmacists meets the population’s needs in each region....

    Authors: Yasuhiro Morii, Seiichi Furuta, Tomoki Ishikawa, Kensuke Fujiwara, Hiroko Yamashina and Katsuhiko Ogasawara
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:85
  4. Laboratory diagnostic testing service delivery and compliance with international standards for laboratory quality are directly influenced by laboratory workforce competency. Many hospital laboratories in const...

    Authors: Siew Kim Ong, Grant T. Donovan, Nayah Ndefru, Sophanna Song, Chhayheng Leang, Sophat Sek, Michael Noble and Lucy A. Perrone
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:84
  5. This commentary addresses the critically important role of health workers in their countries’ more immediate responses to COVID-19 outbreaks and provides policy recommendations for more sustainable health work...

    Authors: Ivy Lynn Bourgeault, Claudia B. Maier, Marjolein Dieleman, Jane Ball, Adrian MacKenzie, Susan Nancarrow, Gustavo Nigenda and Mohsin Sidat
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:83
  6. Most low- and middle-income countries are experiencing challenges in maternal health in relation to accessing skilled birth attendants (SBA). The first step in addressing this problem is understanding the curr...

    Authors: Amuda Baba, Tim Martineau, Sally Theobald, Paluku Sabuni and Joanna Raven
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:82
  7. Information and communication technology are playing a major role in ensuring continuity of healthcare services during the COVID-19 pandemic. The pandemic has also disrupted healthcare quality improvement (QI)...

    Authors: Zuneera Khurshid, Aoife De Brún, Gemma Moore and Eilish McAuliffe
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:81
  8. The Lancet Commission for Global Surgery identified an adequate surgical workforce as one indicator of surgical care accessibility. Many countries where women in surgery are underrepresented struggle to meet t...

    Authors: Meredith D. Xepoleas, Naikhoba C. O. Munabi, Allyn Auslander, William P. Magee and Caroline A. Yao
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:80
  9. This commentary article addresses a critical issue facing Kenya and other Low- and Middle-Income Countries (LMIC): how to remedy deficits in hospitals’ nursing workforce. Would employing health care assistants...

    Authors: Louise Fitzgerald, David Gathara, Jacob McKnight, Jacinta Nzinga and Mike English
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:79
  10. Regulation of the health workforce and accreditation of educational institutions are intended to protect the public interest, but evidence of the impact of these policies is scarce and occasionally contradicto...

    Authors: William Burdick and Ibadat Dhillon
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:71
  11. The primary aim of this study is to assess stakeholders’ views of the acceptability and feasibility of policy options and outcome indicators presented in the 2010 World Health Organization (WHO) global policy ...

    Authors: Onyema Ajuebor, Mathieu Boniol, Michelle McIsaac, Chukwuemeka Onyedike and Elie A. Akl
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:77
  12. The workload of general practitioners (GPs) and dissatisfaction with work have been increasing in various Western countries over the past decades. In this study, we evaluate the relation between the workload o...

    Authors: Willemijn L. A. Schäfer, Michael J. van den Berg and Peter P. Groenewegen
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:76
  13. Peripartum deaths remain significantly high in low- and middle-income countries, including Kenya. The COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted essential services, which could lead to an increase in maternal and neonata...

    Authors: Rachel Wangari Kimani, Rose Maina, Constance Shumba and Sheila Shaibu
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:75
  14. The global movement of internationally qualified health practitioners (IQHPs), seeking to live and work outside of their place of origin, is subject to considerable study and scrutiny. Extensive published mate...

    Authors: Melissa Cooper, Philippa Rasmussen and Judy Magarey
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:74
  15. Bangladesh did not have dedicated professional midwives in public sector health facilities until recently, when the country started a nation-wide programme to educate and deploy diploma midwives. The objective...

    Authors: Rashid U. Zaman, Adiba Khaled, Muhammod Abdus Sabur, Shahidul Islam, Shehlina Ahmed, Joe Varghese, Della Sherratt and Sophie Witter
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:73
  16. Numerous studies have found negative outcomes between shift work and physical, emotional, and mental health. Many professional caregivers are required to work shifts outside of the typical 9 am to 5 pm workday...

    Authors: Oluwagbohunmi Awosoga, Claudia Steinke, Christina Nord, Jon Doan, Stephanie Varsanyi, Jeff Meadows, Adesola Odole and Sheli Murphy
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:70
  17. Although pay-for-performance (P4P) among primary care physicians for enhanced chronic disease management is increasingly common, the evidence base is fragmented in terms of socially equitable impacts in achiev...

    Authors: Neeru Gupta and Holly M. Ayles
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:69
  18. Midwifery students’ intention to stay in the profession can be influenced by how the interface of their work and personal life is affected by their clinical placement experience. The purpose of this study is t...

    Authors: Farimah HakemZadeh, Elena Neiterman, James Chowhan, Jennifer Plenderleith, Johanna Geraci, Isik Zeytinoglu and Derek Lobb
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:68
  19. There are ongoing accessibility challenges in primary care in British Columbia, Canada, with 17% of the population not having a regular source of care. Anecdotal evidence suggests that physicians are moving aw...

    Authors: Lindsay Hedden, Setareh Banihosseini, Nardia Strydom and Rita McCracken
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:67
  20. Community health workers (CHWs) are increasingly engaged to address human resource shortages and fill primary healthcare gaps. In Eswatini, a cadre of CHWs called Rural Health Motivators (RHM) was introduced i...

    Authors: Caroline Walker, Doris Burtscher, John Myeni, Bernhard Kerschberger, Bernadette Schausberger, Barbara Rusch, Nosipho Dlamini and Katherine Whitehouse
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:66
  21. The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has high maternal mortality and a low number of midwives, which undermines the achievement of goal 3 of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) for 2030, specifically th...

    Authors: Malin Bogren, Malin Grahn, Berthollet Bwira Kaboru and Marie Berg
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:65
  22. Identification of the service competences of family physicians is central to ensuring high-quality primary care and improving patient outcomes. However, little is known about how to assess the family physician...

    Authors: Ziling Ni, Xiaohe Wang, Siyu Zhou and Tao Zhang
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:64
  23. Recruiting and retaining a skilled health workforce is a common challenge for remote and rural communities worldwide, negatively impacting access to services, and in turn peoples’ health. The research literatu...

    Authors: Birgit Abelsen, Roger Strasser, David Heaney, Peter Berggren, Sigurður Sigurðsson, Helen Brandstorp, Jennifer Wakegijig, Niclas Forsling, Penny Moody-Corbett, Gwen Healey Akearok, Anne Mason, Claire Savage and Pam Nicoll
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:63
  24. Cancer incidence and mortality in sub-Saharan Africa are increasing and do account for significant premature death. The expertise of health care providers is critical to downstaging cancer at diagnosis and imp...

    Authors: Josaphat Byamugisha, Ian G. Munabi, Aloysius G. Mubuuke, Amos D. Mwaka, Mike Kagawa, Isaac Okullo, Nixon Niyonzima, Pastan Lusiba, Peruth Ainembabazi, Caroline Kankunda, Dennis D. Muhumuza, Jackson Orem, Diana Atwine and Charles Ibingira
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:62
  25. The Namibian Ministry of Health and Social Services (MoHSS) piloted the first HIV Project ECHO (Extension for Community Health Outcomes) in Africa at 10 clinical sites between 2015 and 2016. Goals of Project E...

    Authors: Leonard Bikinesi, Gillian O’Bryan, Clay Roscoe, Tadesse Mekonen, Naemi Shoopala, Assegid T. Mengistu, Souleymane Sawadogo, Simon Agolory, Gram Mutandi, Valerie Garises, Rituparna Pati, Laura Tison, Ledor Igboh, Carla Johnson, Evelyn M. Rodriguez, Tedd Ellerbrock…
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:61
  26. The development of labour productivity is relevant for accurately planning future staffing requirements, especially in sectors where technological developments may drive labour substitution. The present study ...

    Authors: Jos L. T. Blank, Thomas K. Niaounakis and Vivian G. Valdmanis
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:60
  27. The public-private mix of healthcare remains controversial. This paper examines physicians’ preferences for public sector work in the context of dual practice, whilst accounting for other differences in the ch...

    Authors: Anthony Scott, Jon Helgeim Holte and Julia Witt
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:59
  28. Community health workers (CHWs) are critical players in fragile settings, where staff shortages are particularly acute, health indicators are poor and progress towards Universal Health Coverage is slow. Like o...

    Authors: Joanna Raven, Haja Wurie, Ayesha Idriss, Abdulai Jawo Bah, Amuda Baba, Gartee Nallo, Karsor K. Kollie, Laura Dean, Rosie Steege, Tim Martineau and Sally Theobald
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:58
  29. The “Mais Médicos (More Doctors) Program” established in 2013 by the Brazilian Government aimed to reduce inequalities by means of an emergency provision of physicians, the improvement of medical care service in ...

    Authors: Aimê Oliveira, Jorge Otávio Maia Barreto, Sidclei Queiroga de Araújo and Leonor Maria Pacheco Santos
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:57
  30. With increasing recognition of intimate partner violence (IPV) as a public health challenge, nurses and midwives are recognized for their crucial role in providing front-line healthcare services for IPV. This ...

    Authors: Joel Seme Ambikile, Sebalda Leshabari and Mayumi Ohnishi
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:56
  31. The use of traditional and complementary medicines (TM/CMs) has become an increasingly popular part of healthcare and self-care practices across the world. While the benefits and risks of many TM/CMs are yet t...

    Authors: Joanna E. Harnett, Shane P. Desselle, Hao Hu and Carolina Oi Lam Ung
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:55
  32. Close-to-community (CTC) health service providers are a cost-effective and important resource in the promotion of and increasing access to health services. However, many CTC provider programmes suffer from hig...

    Authors: Frédérique Vallières, Maryse Kok, Ilias Mahmud, Malabika Sarker, Philippa Jeacocke, Robinson Karuga, Licia Limato, Aschenaki Z. Kea, Kingsley Chikaphupha, Mohsin Sidat, Brynne Gilmore and Miriam Taegtmeyer
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:54
  33. Despite the growing demand for community nurses, their number remains relatively low. We examined perceptions of final-year nursing students regarding their preferred work setting after graduation and the fact...

    Authors: Yael Sela, Keren Grinberg, Yair Shapiro and Rachel Nissanholtz-Gannot
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:53
  34. Mentoring programs for nurses already in the health workforce are growing in importance. Yet, the settings, goals, scale, and key features of these programs are not widely known.

    Authors: Jerilyn Hoover, Adam D. Koon, Erica N. Rosser and Krishna D. Rao
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:52
  35. Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) faces the highest burden of disease amenable to surgery while having the lowest surgeon to population ratio in the world. Some 25 SSA countries use surgical task-shifting from physicia...

    Authors: Phylisha van Heemskerken, Henk Broekhuizen, Jakub Gajewski, Ruairí Brugha and Leon Bijlmakers
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:51
  36. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Onyema Ajuebor, Carey McCarthy, Yin Li, Sumaya Mohamed Al-Blooshi, Nonhlanhla Makhanya and Giorgio Cometto
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:50

    The original article was published in Human Resources for Health 2019 17:54

  37. The use of appropriate and relevant nurse-sensitive indicators provides an opportunity to demonstrate the unique contributions of nurses to patient outcomes. The aim of this work was to develop relevant metric...

    Authors: David Gathara, Mathias Zosi, George Serem, Jacinta Nzinga, Georgina A. V. Murphy, Debra Jackson, Sharon Brownie and Mike English
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:34
  38. Despite the large investments in donor-related health activities in areas of the globe prone to tension and conflict, few studies have examined in detail the role of these donor investments in human resources ...

    Authors: Adeyemi Okunogbe, Diana Bowser, Gulin Gedik, Saha Naseri, Ayat Abu-Agla and Najibullah Safi
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:48
  39. Community health workers (CHWs) are widely recognized as essential to addressing disparities in health care delivery and outcomes in US vulnerable populations. In the state of Arizona, the sustainability of th...

    Authors: Maia Ingram, Samantha Sabo, Floribella Redondo, Yanitza Soto, Kim Russell, Heather Carter, Brook Bender and Jill Guernsey de Zapien
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:46
  40. Auxiliary nurse midwives (ANMs) play a pivotal role in provision of maternal and newborn health at primary level in India. Effective in-service training is crucial for upgrading their knowledge and skills for ...

    Authors: Shilpa Karvande, Vidula Purohit, Somasundari Somla Gopalakrishnan, B. Subha Sri, Matthews Mathai and Nerges Mistry
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:45
  41. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Julio César Montañez-Hernández, Jacqueline Elizabeth Alcalde-Rabanal, Gustavo Humberto Nigenda-López, Gladis Patricia Aristizábal-Hoyos and Lorena Dini
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:44

    The original article was published in Human Resources for Health 2020 18:40

  42. Many high- and middle-income countries face challenges in developing and maintaining a health workforce which can address changing population health needs. They have experimented with interventions which overl...

    Authors: Sophie Witter, Mariam M. Hamza, Nahar Alazemi, Mohammed Alluhidan, Taghred Alghaith and Christopher H. Herbst
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:43
  43. In recent years, the role of a midwife has expanded to include the provision of abortion-related care. The laws on abortion in many European countries allow for those who hold a conscientious objection to part...

    Authors: Valerie Fleming, Clare Maxwell and Beate Ramsayer
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:42
  44. Workforce studies often identify burnout as a nursing ‘outcome’. Yet, burnout itself—what constitutes it, what factors contribute to its development, and what the wider consequences are for individuals, organi...

    Authors: Chiara Dall’Ora, Jane Ball, Maria Reinius and Peter Griffiths
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:41
  45. The third Sustainable Development Goal aims to ensure healthy lives and to promote well-being for all at all ages. The health system plays a key role in achieving these goals and must have sufficient human res...

    Authors: Julio César Montañez-Hernández, Jacqueline Elizabeth Alcalde-Rabanal, Gustavo Humberto Nigenda-López, Gladis Patricia Aristizábal-Hoyos and Lorena Dini
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:40

    The Correction to this article has been published in Human Resources for Health 2020 18:44