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  1. Content type: Review

    Globally, there is renewed interest in and momentum for strengthening community health systems, as also emphasized by the recent Astana Declaration. Recent reviews have identified factors critical to successfu...

    Authors: Smisha Agarwal, Karen Kirk, Pooja Sripad, Ben Bellows, Timothy Abuya and Charlotte Warren

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2019 17:22

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  2. Content type: Research

    Nurses play a significant role in healthcare systems. Their workplace experience can have an impact not only on nurses themselves, but also on patients and organizations, particularly in terms of quality of ca...

    Authors: Marie-Annick Gagné, Carl-Ardy Dubois, Alexandre Prud’Homme and Roxane Borgès Da Silva

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2019 17:20

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  3. Content type: Research

    The 2013–2014 West African Ebola outbreak highlighted how the world’s weakest health systems threaten global health security and heralded huge support for their recovery. All three Ebola-affected countries had...

    Authors: Barbara McPake, Prarthna Dayal and Christopher H. Herbst

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2019 17:19

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  4. Content type: Research

    Nursing practice is a key driver of quality care and can influence newborn health outcomes where nurses are the primary care givers to this highly dependent group. However, in sub-Saharan Africa, nursing work ...

    Authors: Jacinta Nzinga, Jacob McKnight, Joyline Jepkosgei and Mike English

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2019 17:18

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  5. Content type: Research

    Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is highly prevalent in American Samoa. Community health worker (CHW) interventions may improve T2DM care and be cost-effective. Current cost-effectiveness analyses (CEA) of CHW ...

    Authors: Shuo J. Huang, Omar Galárraga, Kelley A. Smith, Saipale Fuimaono and Stephen T. McGarvey

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2019 17:17

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  6. Content type: Research

    Patient-centered care approach in multidrug-resistant tuberculosis care requires health worker safety that covers both being safe and feeling safe to conduct the services. Stigma has been argued as a barrier t...

    Authors: Ari Probandari, Hary Sanjoto, Melani Ratih Mahanani, Luthfi Azizatunnisa and Sampir Widayati

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2019 17:16

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  7. Content type: Review

    Pre-eclampsia is one of the leading causes of maternal death in Mozambique. Limited access to health care facilities and a lack of skilled health professionals contribute to the high maternal morbidity and mor...

    Authors: Salésio Macuácua, Raquel Catalão, Sumedha Sharma, Anifa Valá, Marianne Vidler, Eusébio Macete, Mohsin Sidat, Khátia Munguambe, Peter von Dadelszen and Esperança Sevene

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2019 17:15

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  8. Content type: Research

    From 2006, the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) has been developing Mutual Recognition Arrangements (MRAs) across key professions, including medicine, dentistry and nursing, that would facilitat...

    Authors: Kristy Meng-Hsi Law, Vannarath Te and Peter S. Hill

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2019 17:14

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  9. Content type: Research

    Community health workers (CHWs) are an important component of the health workforce in many countries. The World Health Organization (WHO) has developed a guideline to support the integration of CHWs into healt...

    Authors: Onyema Ajuebor, Giorgio Cometto, Mathieu Boniol and Elie A. Akl

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2019 17:13

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  10. Content type: Research

    The World Health Organization advocates that health workforce development is a continuum of three stages of entry, available workforce and exit. However, many studies have focused on addressing the shortage of...

    Authors: Nathanael Sirili, Gasto Frumence, Angwara Kiwara, Mughwira Mwangu, Isabel Goicolea and Anna-Karin Hurtig

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2019 17:11

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  11. Content type: Review

    This paper provides a narrative review that scopes and integrates the literature on the development and strengthening of the Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health researcher workforce. The he...

    Authors: Shaun C. Ewen, Tess Ryan and Chris Platania-Phung

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2019 17:10

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  12. Content type: Case study

    The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is a rapidly developing high-income country that was formed from the union of seven emirates in 1971. The UAE has experienced unprecedented population growth coupled with increas...

    Authors: Marília Silva Paulo, Tom Loney and Luís Velez Lapão

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2019 17:9

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  13. Content type: Review

    The capacity for high-income countries to supply enough locally trained doctors to minimise their reliance on overseas-trained doctors (OTDs) is important for equitable global workforce distribution. However, ...

    Authors: Belinda O’Sullivan, Deborah J. Russell, Matthew R. McGrail and Anthony Scott

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2019 17:8

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  14. Content type: Review

    Foreign medical graduates (FMGs) have continued to render effective health care services to underserved communities in many high- and middle-income countries. In rural and disadvantaged areas of South Africa, ...

    Authors: M. I. Motala and J. M. Van Wyk

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2019 17:7

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  15. Content type: Case study

    Shortage of health workforce in most African countries is a major impediment to achieving health and development goals. Countries are encouraged to develop evidence-based strategies to scale up their health wo...

    Authors: Victor Were, Elizabeth Jere, Kevin Lanyo, George Mburu, Rose Kiriinya, Agnes Waudo, Bwalya Chiteba, Keith Waters, Prachi Mehta, Tom Oluoch and Martha Rodgers

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2019 17:6

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  16. Content type: Review

    Midwives have an essential role to play in preparing for and providing sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services in humanitarian settings due to their unique knowledge and skills, position as frontline pro...

    Authors: Kristen Beek, Alison McFadden and Angela Dawson

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2019 17:5

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  17. Content type: Research

    For an effective health system, human resources for health (HRH) planning should be aligned with health system needs. To provide evidence-based information to support HRH plan and policy, we should develop str...

    Authors: Nonglak Pagaiya, Pudtan Phanthunane, Adun Bamrung, Thinakorn Noree and Karnwarin Kongweerakul

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2019 17:4

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  18. Content type: Research

    India’s accredited social health activist (ASHA) programme consists of almost one million female community health workers (CHWs). Launched in 2005, there is now an ASHA in almost every village and across many ...

    Authors: R. Ved, K. Scott, G. Gupta, O. Ummer, S. Singh, A. Srivastava and A. S. George

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2019 17:3

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  19. Content type: Research

    Many Asia-Pacific countries are experiencing rapid changes in socio-economic and health system development. This study aims to describe the strategies supporting rural health worker attraction and retention in...

    Authors: Anna Zhu, Shenglan Tang, Nguyen Thi Hoai Thu, Leang Supheap and Xiaoyun Liu

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2019 17:2

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  20. Content type: Research

    Shortage and mal-distribution of nursing human resources is an intractable problem in China. There is an urgent need to explore the job preferences of undergraduate nursing students. The main aim of this study...

    Authors: Tongtong Liu, Shunping Li, Renyong Yang, Shimeng Liu and Gang Chen

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2019 17:1

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  21. Content type: Research

    Qualitative narrative analysis and case studies form the majority of the current peer-reviewed literature about the benefits of professional volunteering or international placements for healthcare professional...

    Authors: Natasha Tyler, John Chatwin, Ged Byrne, Jo Hart and Lucie Byrne-Davis

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2018 16:69

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  22. Content type: Research

    Human resource planning in healthcare can employ machine learning to effectively predict length of stay of recruited health workers who are stationed in rural areas. While prior studies have identified a numbe...

    Authors: Sangiwe Moyo, Tuan Nguyen Doan, Jessica Ann Yun and Ndumiso Tshuma

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2018 16:68

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  23. Content type: Research

    Ensuring healthcare delivery is dependent both on the prediction of the future demand for healthcare services and on the estimation and planning for the Health Human Resources needed to properly deliver these ...

    Authors: Sofia Cruz-Gomes, Mário Amorim-Lopes and Bernardo Almada-Lobo

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2018 16:67

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  24. Content type: Research

    Although human resources for health (HRH) represent a critical element for health systems, many countries still face acute HRH challenges. These challenges are compounded in conflict-affected settings where he...

    Authors: Maria Paola Bertone, Joao S. Martins, Sara M. Pereira, Tim Martineau and Alvaro Alonso-Garbayo

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2018 16:66

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  25. Content type: Research

    eHealth—the proficient application of information and communication technology to support healthcare delivery—has been touted as one of the best solutions to address quality and accessibility challenges in hea...

    Authors: Henry A. Ogoe, James A. Asamani, Harry Hochheiser and Gerald P. Douglas

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2018 16:65

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  26. Content type: Research

    Auxillary nurse midwives (ANMs) are the most important frontline multi-purpose workers in rural India. This study was conducted to assess the spectrum of service delivery, time utilisation, work planning, and ...

    Authors: Samiksha Singh, Neha Dwivedi, Amol Dongre, Pradeep Deshmukh, Deepak Dey, Vijay Kumar and Sanjeev Upadhyaya

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2018 16:64

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  27. Content type: Research

    Community-based health workers and volunteers are not just low-level health workforce; their effectiveness is also due to their unique relationship with the community and is often attributed to social capital,...

    Authors: Nicole Mohajer and Debra Singh

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2018 16:63

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  28. Content type: Research

    Contemporary approaches to rural generalist medicine training and models of care are developing internationally as part of an integrated response to common challenges faced by rural and remote health services ...

    Authors: Nicholas Schubert, Rebecca Evans, Kristine Battye, Tarun Sen Gupta, Sarah Larkins and Lachlan McIver

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2018 16:62

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  29. Content type: Research

    Dual practice (DP) by medical specialists is a widespread issue across health systems. This study aims to determine the level of DP engagement among Iran’s specialists.

    Authors: Mahboubeh Bayat, Gholamhossein Salehi Zalani, Iraj Harirchi, Azad Shokri, Elmira Mirbahaeddin, Roghayeh Khalilnezhad, Mahmoud Khodadost, Mehdi Yaseri, Ebrahim Jaafaripooyan and Ali Akbari-Sari

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2018 16:61

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  30. Content type: Research

    A family planning (FP) supply chain intervention was introduced in Senegal in 2012 to reduce contraceptive stock-outs. Labour is the highest cost in low- and middle-income country supply chains. In this paper,...

    Authors: Elizabeth McElwee, Jenny A. Cresswell, Christian Yao, Macaire Bakeu, Francesca L. Cavallaro, Diane Duclos, Caroline A. Lynch and Lucy Paintain

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2018 16:60

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  31. Content type: Research

    Historically, in an effort to evaluate and manage the rising cost of healthcare employers assess the direct cost burden via medical health claims and measures that yield clear data. Health related indirect cos...

    Authors: Donna Allen, Erica Wandtke Hines, Vanessa Pazdernik, Lynda Tierney Konecny and Erin Breitenbach

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2018 16:59

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  32. Content type: Research

    In response to the need for competitive recruitment of nurses resulting from the worldwide nursing shortage, employers need to attract and retain nurses by promoting their competitive strengths in their workin...

    Authors: Remo Aeschbacher and Véronique Addor

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2018 16:58

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  33. Content type: Research

    The use of community health workers (CHWs) has been considered as one of the strategies to address the growing shortage of health workers, predominantly in low-income countries. They are playing a pivotal role...

    Authors: Habtamu Abdissa Jigssa, Binyam Fekadu Desta, Hibret Alemu Tilahun, Jen McCutcheon and Peter Berman

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2018 16:57

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  34. Content type: Research

    Limited evidence exists about the extent to which doctors are returning to rural region(s) where they had previously trained. This study aims to investigate the rate at which medical students who have trained ...

    Authors: Matthew R. McGrail, Belinda G. O’Sullivan and Deborah J. Russell

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2018 16:56

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  35. Content type: Research

    Performance-based financing (PBF) reforms aim to directly influence health worker behavior through changes to institutional arrangements, accountability structures, and financial incentives based on performanc...

    Authors: Jessica Gergen, Yogesh Rajkotia, Julia Lohmann and Nirmala Ravishankar

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2018 16:55

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  36. Content type: Research

    The Nigerian health system has been plagued with numerous healthcare worker strikes (industrial action) at all levels. The purpose of this study is to document physicians’ views on healthcare worker-initiated ...

    Authors: Obinna Ositadimma Oleribe, Deborah Udofia, Olabisi Oladipo, Temitope Arike Ishola and Simon D. Taylor-Robinson

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2018 16:54

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  37. Content type: Research

    Community health workers play an important role in health service delivery and are increasingly involved in behaviour change interventions, including for hygiene-related behaviour change. However, their role a...

    Authors: Rose Evalyne Aseyo, Jane Mumma, Kerry Scott, Damaris Nelima, Emily Davis, Kelly K Baker, Oliver Cumming and Robert Dreibelbis

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2018 16:53

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  38. Content type: Research

    There is an increasing consensus globally that the education of health professionals is failing to keep pace with scientific, social, and economic changes transforming the healthcare environment. This catalyze...

    Authors: Sanjay Zodpey, Pisake Lumbiganon, Tim Evans, Ke Yang, Bui Thi Thu Ha, Himanshu Negandhi, Wanicha Chuenkongkaew and Ahmed Al-Kabir

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2018 16:52

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  39. Content type: Research

    People and health systems worldwide face serious challenges due to shifting disease demographics, rising population demands and weaknesses in healthcare provision, including capacity shortages and lack of impa...

    Authors: D Baines, I Bates, L Bader, C Hale and P Schneider

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2018 16:51

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  40. Content type: Research

    Sierra Leone’s health outcomes rank among the worst in the world. A major challenge is the shortage of primary healthcare workers (HCWs) in rural areas due to especially high rates of attrition. This study was...

    Authors: Vijay Narayan, Grace John-Stewart, George Gage and Gabrielle O’Malley

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2018 16:50

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  41. Content type: Research

    Since 2012, The World Health Organization and UNICEF have advocated for community health workers (CHWs) to be trained in Integrated Community Case Management (iCCM) of common childhood illnesses, such as pneum...

    Authors: James O’Donovan, Kenneth Kabali, Celia Taylor, Margarita Chukhina, Jacqueline C. Kading, Jonathan Fuld and Edward O’Neil

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2018 16:49

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  42. Content type: Research

    In Chile, dentistry has become a very popular career choice for students, which has resulted in a substantial increase in both, the number of dental graduates and dental schools. Nonetheless, there is a need f...

    Authors: Renato E. Venturelli Garay and Richard G. Watt

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2018 16:48

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  43. Content type: Research

    In HIV programs, mentor mothers (MMs) are women living with HIV who provide peer support for other women to navigate HIV care, especially in the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT). Niger...

    Authors: Nadia A. Sam-Agudu, Angela Odiachi, Miriam J. Bathnna, Chinazom N. Ekwueme, Gift Nwanne, Emilia N. Iwu and Llewellyn J. Cornelius

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2018 16:47

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  44. Content type: Review

    Health services in high-income countries increasingly recognise the challenge of effectively serving and engaging with marginalised people. Effective engagement with marginalised people is essential to reduce ...

    Authors: Carolyn Wallace, Jane Farmer and Anthony McCosker

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2018 16:46

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  45. Content type: Research

    Many registered nurses (RNs) increased their participation in the New Zealand health workforce during the Global Financial Crisis (GFC), resulting in low vacancy rates. However, based on the documented impact ...

    Authors: Willoughby Moloney, Des Gorman, Matthew Parsons and Gordon Cheung

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2018 16:45

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  46. Content type: Review

    Health leadership and management are essential for ensuring resilient health systems. Relevant training opportunities are often scarce, and the use of digital education could help address this gap. Our aim was...

    Authors: Lorainne Tudor Car, Bhone Myint Kyaw and Rifat Atun

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2018 16:44

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  47. Content type: Research

    Child and youth care workers (CYCWs) are a crucial and growing component of South Africa’s national response to HIV and AIDS and other issues affecting children and families. CYCWs use the community-centred Is...

    Authors: Tonya R. Thurman, Tory M. Taylor, Johanna Nice, Brian Luckett, Myra Taylor and J. D. Kvalsvig

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2018 16:43

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  48. Content type: Research

    One of the effective strategies in the fair distribution of human resources is the use of estimation norm of human workforce. A norm is a coefficient or an indicator for estimating the required human resources...

    Authors: Ali Vafaee-Najar, Mohammadreza Amiresmaeili, Mahmoud Nekoei-Moghadam and Seyed Saeed Tabatabaee

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2018 16:42

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