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  1. Less attractive specialties in medicine are struggling to recruit and retain physicians. When properly organized and delivered, continuing medical education (CME) activities that include short courses, coachin...

    Authors: Van Anh Thi Nguyen, Karen D. Könings, Albert J. J. A. Scherpbier and Jeroen J. G. van Merriënboer

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:69

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  2. Job satisfaction refers to the feeling of contentment one experiences with their job. Job satisfaction among opticians is a crucial variable in determining their motivation and has consequential influence on t...

    Authors: Kwadwo Owusu Akuffo, Akosua Kesewah Asare, Elsie Emelia Yelbert, Emmanuel Kobia-Acquah, Emmanuel Kofi Addo, Eldad Agyei-Manu, Thomas Brusah and Prince Antwi Asenso

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:68

    Content type: Research

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  3. Guinea undertook health workforce reform in 2016 following the Ebola outbreak to overcome decades-long shortages and maldistribution of healthcare workers (HCWs). Specifically, over 5000 HCWs were recruited an...

    Authors: Delphin Kolie, Remco Van De Pas, Alexandre Delamou, Nafissatou Dioubaté, Foromo Timothée Beavogui, Patrice Bouedouno, Abdoul Habib Beavogui, Abdoulaye Kaba, Willem Van De Put and Wim Van Damme

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:67

    Content type: Research

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  4. Increasing evidence suggests that sustainable delivery of interprofessional education (IPE) has the potential to lead to interprofessional collaborative practice (IPCP), which in turn has the potential to lead...

    Authors: Mohammad Azzam, Anton Puvirajah, Marie-Andrée Girard and Ruby E. Grymonpre

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:66

    Content type: Research

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  5. The gender pay gap in the United States (US) has narrowed over the last several decades, with the female/male earnings ratio in the US increased from about 60% before the 1980s to about 79% by 2014. However, t...

    Authors: Zhuo Chen, Yihong Zhang, Huabin Luo, Donglan Zhang, Janani Rajbhandari-Thapa, Yuheng Wang, Ruoxi Wang and Grace Bagwell-Adams

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:65

    Content type: Research

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  6. The COVID-19 pandemic posed a huge challenge to the education systems worldwide, forcing many countries to provisionally close educational institutions and deliver courses fully online. The aim of this study w...

    Authors: Wen Li, Robyn Gillies, Mingyu He, Changhao Wu, Shenjun Liu, Zheng Gong and Hong Sun

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:64

    Content type: Research

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  7. In many countries, migrant physicians (MP) tend to fill staff shortages in medical specialties perceived as low status. The aim of this study was to explore aspects that influence MPs’, with a medical degree f...

    Authors: Linda Sturesson, Per J. Palmgren, Magnus Öhlander, Gunnar H. Nilsson and Terese Stenfors

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:63

    Content type: Research

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  8. Historically, immigration has been a significant population driver in Canada. In October 2020, immigration targets were raised to an unprecedented level to support economic recovery in response to COVID-19. In...

    Authors: Andrea Baumann, Mary Crea-Arsenio, Dana Ross and Jennifer Blythe

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:62

    Content type: Research

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  9. Task shifting and sharing (TS/S) involves the redistribution of health tasks within workforces and communities. Conceptual frameworks lay out the key factors, constructs, and variables involved in a given phen...

    Authors: Aaron M. Orkin, Sampreeth Rao, Jeyasakthi Venugopal, Natasha Kithulegoda, Pete Wegier, Stephen D. Ritchie, David VanderBurgh, Alexandra Martiniuk, Fabio Salamanca-Buentello and Ross Upshur

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:61

    Content type: Research

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  10. In 2014, Nigeria issued the task-shifting/sharing policy for essential health services, which aimed to fill the human resource gap and improve the delivery of health services across the country. This study foc...

    Authors: Babajide Oluseyi Daini, Emeka Okafor, Sikiru Baruwa, Oluwafunmito Adeyanju, Rodio Diallo and Jennifer Anyanti

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:60

    Content type: Research

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  11. Sexual harassment is a ubiquitous problem that prevents women’s integration and retention in the workforce. Its prevalence had been documented in previous health sector studies in Uganda, indicating that it af...

    Authors: Constance Newman, Alice Nayebare, Stella Neema, Allan Agaba and Lilian Perry Akello

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:59

    Content type: Research

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  12. Rapid and effective emergency response to address health security relies on a competent and suitably trained local and international workforce. The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted that the health security wo...

    Authors: Amy Elizabeth Parry, Martyn D. Kirk, David N. Durrheim, Babatunde Olowokure, Samantha M. Colquhoun and Tambri Housen

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:58

    Content type: Research

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  13. Drug-resistant TB (DR-TB) care shifted from centralized to decentralized care in Tanzania in 2015. This study explored whether DR-TB training and mentoring supported healthcare workers’ (HCWs) DR-TB care perfo...

    Authors: Dennis Lyakurwa, Johnson Lyimo, Christiaan Mulder, Puck T. Pelzer, Inge Koppelaar and Marleen Heus

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:56

    Content type: Research

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  14. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), as part of its 2030 National Transformation Program, set a goal of transforming the healthcare sector to increase access to, and improve the quality and efficiency of, health...

    Authors: Samantha Gailey, Tim A. Bruckner, Tracy Kuo Lin, Jenny X. Liu, Mohammed Alluhidan, Taghred Alghaith, Hussah Alghodaier, Nabiha Tashkandi, Christopher H. Herbst, Mariam M. Hamza and Nahar Alazemi

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:55

    Content type: Research

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  15. Well-trained, competent, and motivated human resources for health (HRH) are crucial to delivering quality service provision across the sexual, reproductive, maternal, and newborn health (SRMNH) care continuum ...

    Authors: Melese Girmaye Negero, David Sibbritt and Angela Dawson

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:54

    Content type: Review

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  16. Many challenges exist in providing equitable access to rural healthcare in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). WHO recommends student exposure to rural clinical rotations to promote interest in rural h...

    Authors: Susan Michaels-Strasser, Paul W. Thurman, Narcisse Mwinkeu Kasongo, Daniel Kapenda, John Ngulefac, Beatrice Lukeni, Serge Matumaini, Lauren Parmley, Rebekah Hughes and Faustin Malele

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:53

    Content type: Case study

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  17. There is limited information on how the barriers to interprofessional collaboration (IPC) across various professionals, organizations, and care facilities influence the health and welfare of older adults. This...

    Authors: TJ Robinson T. Moncatar, Keiko Nakamura, Kathryn Lizbeth L. Siongco, Kaoruko Seino, Rebecca Carlson, Carmelita C. Canila, Richard S. Javier and Fely Marilyn E. Lorenzo

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:52

    Content type: Research

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  18. There is a growing recognition that underutilization and underemployment of skilled immigrants, especially internationally trained health professionals, creates a financial burden on individuals and economic l...

    Authors: Tanvir C. Turin, Nashit Chowdhury, Mark Ekpekurede, Deidre Lake, Mohammad Ali Ashraf Lasker, Mary O’Brien and Suzanne Goopy

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:51

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  19. Digital technologies are rapidly being integrated into a wide range of health fields. This new domain, often termed ‘digital health’, has the potential to significantly improve healthcare outcomes and global h...

    Authors: Brian L. H. Wong, Mark P. Khurana, Robert D. Smith, Omnia El-Omrani, Ave Pold, Amine Lotfi, Charlotte A. O’Leary and Diah S. Saminarsih

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:50

    Content type: Commentary

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  20. Care coordination is a key strategy used to improve health outcomes and efficiency, yet there are limited examples in dentistry. A large dental accountable care organization piloted care coordination by retrai...

    Authors: Aubri M. Kottek, Kristin S. Hoeft, Joel M. White, Kristen Simmons and Elizabeth A. Mertz

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:48

    Content type: Research

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  21. Very few studies have been concerned with assessing the prevalence of burnout and depressive symptoms, especially during an infectious outbreak on non-frontline health care workers, such as a psychiatrist. In ...

    Authors: Abdulmajeed A. Alkhamees, Hatem Assiri, Hatim Yousef Alharbi, Abdullah Nasser and Mohammad A. Alkhamees

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:46

    Content type: Research

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  22. Poor Maternal and Child Health (MCH) outcomes pose challenges to India’s ability to attain Goal-3 of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The government of India strengthened the existing network of front...

    Authors: Anu Rammohan, Srinivas Goli, Shashi Kala Saroj and C. P. Abdul Jaleel

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:45

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  23. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Borwornsom Leerapan, Pard Teekasap, Nipaporn Urwannachotima, Wararat Jaichuen, Kwanpracha Chiangchaisakulthai, Khunjira Udomaksorn, Aronrag Meeyai, Thinakorn Noree and Krisada Sawaengdee

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:44

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Human Resources for Health 2021 19:31

  24. Despite tremendous health workforce efforts which have resulted in increases in the density of physicians, nurses and midwives from 1.07 per 1000 population in 2005 to 2.65 per 1000 population in 2017, Ghana c...

    Authors: James Avoka Asamani, Hamza Ismaila, Anna Plange, Victor Francis Ekey, Abdul-Majeed Ahmed, Margaret Chebere, John Koku Awoonor-Williams and Juliet Nabyonga-Orem

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:43

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  25. Advanced practitioner services, such as those nurse practitioners and pharmacist prescribers provide, are an opportunity to improve health care delivery. In New Zealand, these practitioners remain underutilise...

    Authors: Tara N. Officer, Jackie Cumming and Karen McBride-Henry

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:41

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  26. Gender roles and relations affect both the drivers and experiences of health worker migration, yet policy responses rarely consider these gender dimensions. This lack of explicit attention from source country ...

    Authors: Ivy Lynn Bourgeault, Vivien Runnels, Jelena Atanackovic, Denise Spitzer and Margaret Walton-Roberts

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:40

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  27. Investment in human resources for health not only strengthens the health system, but also generates employment and contributes to economic growth. India can gain from enhanced investment in health workforce in...

    Authors: Anup Karan, Himanshu Negandhi, Suhaib Hussain, Tomas Zapata, Dilip Mairembam, Hilde De Graeve, James Buchan and Sanjay Zodpey

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:39

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  28. Displaced populations in fragile settings experience health disparities that are seldom attended to. Task-shifting, which involves training non-specialized community health workers (CHW) to deliver basic educa...

    Authors: Hady Naal, Rebecca Mendelsohn, Dayana Brome, Aya Noubani, Dana Nabulsi, Dina Muhieddine and Shadi Saleh

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:37

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  29. Nearly one-third of medical school faculty members are age 55 + . As our population ages, the prevalence of family caregiving is increasing, yet we know very little about the caregiving experiences of aging fa...

    Authors: Kimberly A. Skarupski, David L. Roth and Samuel C. Durso

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:36

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  30. Previous Australian workforce analyses revealed a small orthotist/prosthetist workforce with a low number of practitioners per 100,000 Australians. In recent years, initiatives were implemented to increase rel...

    Authors: Emily Ridgewell, Leigh Clarke, Sarah Anderson and Michael P. Dillon

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:34

    Content type: Research

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  31. Shortages and inequitable distribution of physicians is an obstacle to move towards Universal Health Coverage, especially in low-income and middle-income countries. In Brazil, expansion of medical school enrol...

    Authors: Alexandre Medeiros Figueiredo, Danette Waller McKinley, Adriano Massuda and George Dantas Azevedo

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:33

    Content type: Research

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  32. A strong health workforce is a key building block of a well-functioning health system. To achieve health systems goals, policymakers need information on what works to improve and sustain health workforce perfo...

    Authors: Serena Sonderegger, Sara Bennett, Veena Sriram, Ummekulsoom Lalani, Shreya Hariyani and Timothy Roberton

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:32

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  33. System dynamics (SD) modelling can inform policy decisions under Thailand's Universal Health Coverage. We report on this thinking approach to Thailand's strategic health workforce planning for the next 20 year...

    Authors: Borwornsom Leerapan, Pard Teekasap, Nipaporn Urwannachotima, Wararat Jaichuen, Kwanpracha Chiangchaisakulthai, Khunjira Udomaksorn, Aronrag Meeyai, Thinakorn Noree and Krisada Sawaengdee

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:31

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Human Resources for Health 2021 19:44

  34. Communication skills are essential for health professionals to establish a positive relationship with their patients, improving their health and quality of life. In this perspective, communication skills train...

    Authors: Ádala Nayana de Sousa Mata, Kesley Pablo Morais de Azevedo, Liliane Pereira Braga, Gidyenne Christine Bandeira Silva de Medeiros, Victor Hugo de Oliveira Segundo, Isaac Newton Machado Bezerra, Isac Davidson Santiago Fernandes Pimenta, Ismael Martinez Nicolás and Grasiela Piuvezam

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:30

    Content type: Research

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  35. Since the 2008 recession, Ireland has experienced large-scale doctor emigration. This paper seeks to ascertain whether (and how) the COVID-19 pandemic might disrupt or reinforce existing patterns of doctor emi...

    Authors: Niamh Humphries, Jennifer Creese, John-Paul Byrne and John Connell

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:29

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  36. Asthma education, a key component of long-term asthma management, is challenging in resource-limited settings with shortages of clinical staff. Task-shifting educational roles to lay (non-clinical) staff is a ...

    Authors: Lovemore Nkhalamba, Sarah Rylance, Adamson S. Muula, Kevin Mortimer and Felix Limbani

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:28

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  37. Increasing feminization of medical professions is well-acknowledged. However, this does not always equate to equitable representation of women within medicine, regarding their socio-demographic indicators, reg...

    Authors: Ritika Tiwari, Angelique Wildschut-February, Lungiswa Nkonki, René English, Innocent Karangwa and Usuf Chikte

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:27

    Content type: Research

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  38. Collaboration among different categories of health professionals is essential for quality patient care, especially for individuals with cleft lip and palate (CLP). This study examined interprofessional collabo...

    Authors: Phumzile Hlongwa and Laetitia C. Rispel

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:25

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  39. Interventions using positive psychology (PP), which build on positive qualities of healthcare personnel and institutions, could potentially enhance organisational performance in healthcare. The aim of this sys...

    Authors: Maartje Kletter, Bronwyn Harris and Celia Brown

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:24

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  40. The shortage of primary medical staff is an important issue in the management of health human resources, and it is also a problem that all countries in the world need to face together. Since 2009, China has im...

    Authors: Guimei Chen, Lingzhi Sang, Jian Rong, Huosheng Yan, Hongzhang Liu, Jing Cheng, Li Wang, Hong Ding and Ren Chen

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:23

    Content type: Research

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  41. Community health worker teams are potential game-changers in ensuring access to care in vulnerable communities. Who are they? What do they actually do? Can they help South Africa realize universal health coverage...

    Authors: L. S. Thomas, E. Buch and Y. Pillay

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:22

    Content type: Research

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  42. Health care delivery in Australia is experiencing challenges with services struggling to keep up with the increasing demands of an aging population, rising levels of chronic disease and limited funding for car...

    Authors: Trudy Dwyer, Alison Craswell and Matthew Browne

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:21

    Content type: Research

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  43. General practitioners are the gatekeepers of the health of the residents. This study aims to evaluate the trend and equity of general practitioners' allocation from 2012 to 2017 in China and provide a reference f...

    Authors: Qianqian Yu, Wenqiang Yin, Dongmei Huang, Kui Sun, Zhongming Chen, Hongwei Guo and Di Wu

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:20

    Content type: Research

    Published on: