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  1. Many high- and middle-income countries face challenges in developing and maintaining a health workforce which can address changing population health needs. They have experimented with interventions which overl...

    Authors: Sophie Witter, Mariam M. Hamza, Nahar Alazemi, Mohammed Alluhidan, Taghred Alghaith and Christopher H. Herbst

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:43

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  2. In recent years, the role of a midwife has expanded to include the provision of abortion-related care. The laws on abortion in many European countries allow for those who hold a conscientious objection to part...

    Authors: Valerie Fleming, Clare Maxwell and Beate Ramsayer

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:42

    Content type: Research

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  3. Workforce studies often identify burnout as a nursing ‘outcome’. Yet, burnout itself—what constitutes it, what factors contribute to its development, and what the wider consequences are for individuals, organi...

    Authors: Chiara Dall’Ora, Jane Ball, Maria Reinius and Peter Griffiths

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:41

    Content type: Review

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  4. The third Sustainable Development Goal aims to ensure healthy lives and to promote well-being for all at all ages. The health system plays a key role in achieving these goals and must have sufficient human res...

    Authors: Julio César Montañez-Hernández, Jacqueline Elizabeth Alcalde-Rabanal, Gustavo Humberto Nigenda-López, Gladis Patricia Aristizábal-Hoyos and Lorena Dini

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:40

    Content type: Research

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Human Resources for Health 2020 18:44

  5. Mozambique’s community health programme has a disproportionate number of male community health workers (known as Agentes Polivalentes Elementares (APEs)). The Government of Mozambique is aiming to increase the...

    Authors: Rosalind Steege, Miriam Taegtmeyer, Sozinho Ndima, Celso Give, Mohsin Sidat, Clara Ferrão and Sally Theobald

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:37

    Content type: Research

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  6. The complexity of nursing practice increases the risk of nurses suffering from mental health issues, such as substance use disorders, anxiety, burnout, depression, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The...

    Authors: Christine L. Covell, Shamel Rolle Sands, Kenchera Ingraham, Melanie Lavoie-Tremblay, Sheri L. Price, Carol Reichert and Ivy L. Bourgeault

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:36

    Content type: Review

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  7. Community health workers (CHWs) in Afghanistan are a critical care extender for primary health services, including reproductive, maternal, neonatal, and child health (RMNCH) care. However, volunteer CHWs face ...

    Authors: Lara Lorenzetti, Jenae Tharaldson, Subarna Pradhan, Sayed Haroon Rastagar, Shafiqullah Hemat, Sharif A. H. Ahmadzai, Lisa S. Dulli, Amy Weissman and Catherine S. Todd

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:35

    Content type: Research

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  8. Primary health care (PHC), of which preventive medicine (PM) is a subspecialty, will have to cope with a deficiency of staff in the future, which makes the retention of graduates urgent. This study was conduct...

    Authors: Van Anh Thi Nguyen, Karen D. Könings, E. Pamela Wright, Giang Bao Kim, Hoat Ngoc Luu, Albert J. J. A. Scherpbier and Jeroen J. G. van Merriënboer

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:32

    Content type: Research

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  9. Pharmaceutical care has been playing an increasingly critical role in Chinese hospitals. However, evidence about the most recent development of pharmaceutical care in China is limited. This study analyzed the ...

    Authors: Mingshuang Li, Man Cao, Jing Sun, Yu Jiang and Yuanli Liu

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:31

    Content type: Research

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  10. In the face of the medical workforce shortage, several countries have promoted the opening of medical schools and the expansion of undergraduate and specialization education in medicine. Few studies have compa...

    Authors: Mário César Scheffer, Maria Pastor-Valero, Alex Jones Flores Cassenote and Antonio F. Compañ Rosique

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:30

    Content type: Research

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  11. This study compares perspectives on specialized ophthalmic medical institutions, identifies the gaps in property and geographic offerings, and explores the ways that ophthalmic medical institutions can better ...

    Authors: Leilei Zhan, Neha Safaya, Hana Erkou, Lei An, Zhifeng Wang, Jingjing Feng and Xiao Xu

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:29

    Content type: Research

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  12. In-hospital logistic management barriers (LMB) are considered to be important risk factors for delays in TB diagnosis and treatment initiation (TB-dt), which perpetuates TB transmission and the development of ...

    Authors: Miguelhete Lisboa, Inês Fronteira, Paul H. Mason and Maria do Rosário O. Martins

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:28

    Content type: Research

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  13. Family medicine (FM) is a relatively new discipline in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), still struggling to find its place in the African health systems. The aim of this review was to describe the current status of F...

    Authors: Maaike Flinkenflögel, Vincent Sethlare, Vincent Kalumire Cubaka, Mpundu Makasa, Abraham Guyse and Jan De Maeseneer

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:27

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  14. In 2013, Kenya fully and rapidly devolved health services to 47 county governments under its new constitution. It soon became evident that the coordination mechanism to manage the health workforce at a county ...

    Authors: Mathew Kariuki Thuku, Janet Muriuki, Ummuro Adano, Linet Oyucho and David Nelson

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:26

    Content type: Case study

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  15. Many countries in sub-Saharan Africa have adopted task shifting of surgical responsibilities to non-physician clinicians (NPCs) as a solution to address workforce shortages. There is resistance to delegating s...

    Authors: Jakub Gajewski, Nasser Monzer, Chiara Pittalis, Leon Bijlmakers, Mweene Cheelo, John Kachimba and Ruairi Brugha

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:25

    Content type: Research

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  16. Traditional bonesetters (TBS) provide the majority of primary fracture care in Nigeria and other low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). They are widely patronized and their services are commonly associated ...

    Authors: Ndubuisi Onu Onyemaechi, Ijeoma Uchenna Itanyi, Paulinus Okechukwu Ossai and Echezona Edozie Ezeanolue

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:24

    Content type: Research

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  17. South Africa’s quadruple burden of disease, coupled with health system challenges and other factors, predicts a high burden of disability within the population. Human Resources for Health policy and planning n...

    Authors: Lieketseng Ned, Ritika Tiwari, Helen Buchanan, Lana Van Niekerk, Kate Sherry and Usuf Chikte

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:22

    Content type: Research

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  18. Around the world, there is a significant difference in the proportion of women with access to leadership in healthcare with respect to men. This article studies gender imbalance and wage gap in managerial, exe...

    Authors: Lucero Soledad Rivera-Romano, Cristobal Fresno, Enrique Hernández-Lemus, Mireya Martínez-García and Maite Vallejo

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:21

    Content type: Research

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  19. The mounting pressure on the Australian healthcare system is driving a continual exploration of areas to improve patient care and access and to maximize utilization of our workforce. We hypothesized that there...

    Authors: L. Weinberg, H. Grover, D. Cowie, E. Langley, M. Heland and D. A. Story

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:20

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  20. The migration of Caribbean nurses, particularly to developed countries such as Canada, the United States, and the United Kingdom, remains a matter of concern for most countries of the region. With nursing vaca...

    Authors: Shamel Rolle Sands, Kenchera Ingraham and Bukola Oladunni Salami

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:19

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  21. Dual practice and multiple job holding are widespread among health workers throughout the world. Although dual practice can help the financially strained public sector retain skilled workers, there are also po...

    Authors: Keovathanak Khim, Laura N. Goldman, Kristin Shaw, Jeffrey F. Markuns and Vonthanak Saphonn

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:18

    Content type: Case study

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  22. The need for greater flexibility is often used to justify reforms that redistribute tasks through the workforce. However, “flexibility” is never defined or empirically examined. This study explores the nature ...

    Authors: Sarah Wise, Christine Duffield, Margaret Fry and Michael Roche

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:17

    Content type: Research

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  23. Following periods of health workforce crisis characterised by a severe shortage of nurses, midwives and doctors due to low production rates and excessive out-migration, the Government of Ghana through the Mini...

    Authors: James Avoka Asamani, Ninon P. Amertil, Hamza Ismaila, Francis Abande Akugri and Juliet Nabyonga-Orem

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:16

    Content type: Commentary

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  24. Competency frameworks are being taken up by a growing number of sectors and for a broad range of applications. However, the topic of competency frameworks is characterised by conceptual ambiguity, misunderstan...

    Authors: Jody-Anne Mills, James W. Middleton, Alison Schafer, Siobhan Fitzpatrick, Stephanie Short and Alarcos Cieza

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:15

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  25. Insufficient wheelchair training among rehabilitation professionals has been identified as an important factor that hinders access to appropriate wheelchair services. The aim of this study was to develop a too...

    Authors: Paula W. Rushton, Karen Fung, Mélina Gauthier, Mary Goldberg, Maria Toro, Nicky Seymour and Jon Pearlman

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:14

    Content type: Research

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  26. Laboratories are vital in disease diagnosis, prevention, treatment and outbreak investigations. Although recent decades have seen rapid advancements in modernised equipment and laboratory processes, minimal in...

    Authors: Suzanne N. Kiwanuka, Noel Namuhani, Martha Akulume, Simeon Kalyesubula, William Bazeyo and Angela N. Kisakye

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:13

    Content type: Research

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  27. Achieving improvements in Universal Health Coverage will require a re-orientation of medical education towards a stronger focus on primary health care. Innovative medical curricula have been implemented in som...

    Authors: Neil Squires, Susannah E. Colville, Kalipso Chalkidou and Shah Ebrahim

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:12

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  28. Primary health care (PHC) doctors’ numbers are dwindling in high- as well as low-income countries, which is feared to hamper the achievement of Universal Health Coverage goals. As a large proportion of doctors...

    Authors: Giuliano Russo, Alex J. Flores Cassenote, Aline G. Alves Guilloux and Mário César Scheffer

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:11

    Content type: Research

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  29. Healthcare providers’ (HCPs) professionalism refers to their commitment and ability to respond to the health needs of the communities they serve and to act in the best interest of patients. Despite attention t...

    Authors: Mishal S. Khan, Sothavireak Bory, Sonia Rego, Sovanthida Suy, Anna Durrance-Bagale, Zia Sultana, Sophea Chhorn, Socheata Phou, Chanra Prien, Sotheara Heng, Johanna Hanefeld, Rumina Hasan and Vonthanak Saphonn

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:10

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  30. Burnout in healthcare providers has impacts at the level of the individual provider, patient, and organization. While there is a substantial body of literature on burnout in healthcare providers, burnout in pe...

    Authors: Laura Buckley, Whitney Berta, Kristin Cleverley, Christina Medeiros and Kimberley Widger

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:9

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  31. The ambition of universal health coverage entails estimation of the number, type and distribution of health workers required to meet the population need for health services. The demography of the population, i...

    Authors: Sylvia Szabo, Andrea Nove, Zoë Matthews, Ashish Bajracharya, Ibadat Dhillon, Devendra Raj Singh, Aurora Saares and James Campbell

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:7

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

  32. The shortage of dentists working in rural hospitals is an important public health problem resulting from dentist distribution inequity. The Ministry of Public Health of Thailand (MoPH) has implemented a policy...

    Authors: Philaiporn Vivatbutsiri, Thanachok Iempook, Sakda Wonghinkong, Sunisa Sopa and Palinee Detsomboonrat

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:5

    Content type: Research

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  33. To decentralize point-of-care early infant diagnosis (POC EID), task shifting to cadres such as nurses is important. However, this should not compromise quality of testing through generating high rates of inte...

    Authors: Francis M. Simmonds, Jennifer E. Cohn, Haurovi W. Mafaune, Tichaona H. Nyamundaya, Agnes Mahomva and Addmore Chadambuka

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:4

    Content type: Research

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  34. A high variety of team interventions aims to improve team performance outcomes. In 2008, we conducted a systematic review to provide an overview of the scientific studies focused on these interventions. Howeve...

    Authors: Martina Buljac-Samardzic, Kirti D. Doekhie and Jeroen D. H. van Wijngaarden

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:2

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  35. Resuscitation of patients with time-critical and life-threatening illness represents a cognitive challenge for emergency room (ER) clinicians. We designed a cognitive aid, the Emergency Protocols Handbook, to ...

    Authors: Charlotte Hall, Dean Robertson, Margaret Rolfe, Sharene Pascoe, Megan E. Passey and Sabrina Winona Pit

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:1

    Content type: Research

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  36. One of the key barriers to health in rural areas is health workforce. Poor understanding and communication about health workforce across all stakeholder groups (including the broad community) is very common an...

    Authors: Alexandra Martiniuk, Richard Colbran, Robyn Ramsden, Dave Karlson, Emer O’Callaghan, Estrella Lowe, Michael Edwards, Sharif Bagnulo, Imogene Rothnie, Laura Hardaker, Bernadette Gotch and Arna Wotherspoon

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2019 17:105

    Content type: Hypothesis

    Published on:

  37. As the role of the physician assistant/associate grows globally, one question is: what is the level of patient satisfaction with PAs? Driven by legislative enactments to improve access to care, the PA has emer...

    Authors: Roderick S. Hooker, Amanda J. Moloney-Johns and Mary M. McFarland

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2019 17:104

    Content type: Research

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  38. Incidents of patient-initiated workplace violence against health care workers have been a subject of substantial public attention in China. Patient-initiated violence not only represents a risk of harm to heal...

    Authors: Ruilie Cai, Ji Tang, Chenhui Deng, Guofan Lv, Xiaohe Xu, Sean Sylvia and Jay Pan

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2019 17:103

    Content type: Research

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  39. Rural communities in Nigeria account for high maternal and newborn mortality rates in the country. Thus, there is a need for innovative models of service delivery, possibly with greater community engagement. I...

    Authors: Ekechi Okereke, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, Godwin Unumeri, Bello Mohammed and Babatunde Ahonsi

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2019 17:102

    Content type: Research

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  40. Marie Stopes Tanzania works with a voluntary cadre of 66 community-based mobilizers (CBMs), who are tasked with raising awareness, generating demand and providing referral to potential clients for family plann...

    Authors: Maryse Kok, Dinu Abdella, Rose Mwangi, Mengi Ntinginya, Ente Rood, Jennifer Gassner, Kathryn Church and Nkemdiri Wheatley

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2019 17:101

    Content type: Research

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  41. Doctor emigration from low- and middle-income countries represents a financial loss and threatens the equitable delivery of healthcare. In response to government imperatives to produce more health professional...

    Authors: Ann George, Duane Blaauw, Jarred Thompson and Lionel Green-Thompson

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2019 17:100

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  42. Residents of remote communities in Australia and other geographically large countries have comparatively poorer access to high-quality primary health care. To inform ongoing policy development and practice in ...

    Authors: John Wakerman, John Humphreys, Deborah Russell, Steven Guthridge, Lisa Bourke, Terry Dunbar, Yuejen Zhao, Mark Ramjan, Lorna Murakami-Gold and Michael P. Jones

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2019 17:99

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  43. Medicine is a high-status, high-skill occupation which has traditionally provided access to good quality jobs and relatively high salaries. In Ireland, historic underfunding combined with austerity-related cut...

    Authors: N. Humphries, A. M. McDermott, E. Conway, J-P Byrne, L. Prihodova, R. Costello and A. Matthews

    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2019 17:97

    Content type: Research

    Published on: