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  1. Quality of training is determined through programs’ compliance with accreditation standards, often set for a number of years. However, perspectives on quality of training within these standards may differ from...

    Authors: Nesibe Akdemir, Romana Malik, Theanne Walters, Stanley Hamstra and Fedde Scheele
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:75
  2. Safety climate is an essential component of achieving Universal Health Coverage, with several organisational, unit or team-level, and individual health worker factors identified as influencing safety climate. ...

    Authors: Frédérique Vallières, Paul Mubiri, Samuel Agyei Agyemang, Samuel Amon, Jana Gerold, Tim Martineau, Ann Nolan, Thomasena O’Byrne, Lifah Sanudi, Freddie Sengooba and Helen Prytherch
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:73
  3. Japan has opened its labor market to care workers from Indonesia under the Japan–Indonesia Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA). However, few studies have examined the types of care skills transferred between ...

    Authors: Yuko O. Hirano, Susiana Nugraha, Hiroyasu Shiozu, Misako Higashijima and Tri Budi W. Rahardjo
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:71
  4. Accreditation systems in medical education aim to assure various stakeholders that graduates are ready to further their training or begin practice. The purpose of this paper is to explore the current state of ...

    Authors: Deborah Bedoll, Marta van Zanten and Danette McKinley
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:70
  5. Less attractive specialties in medicine are struggling to recruit and retain physicians. When properly organized and delivered, continuing medical education (CME) activities that include short courses, coachin...

    Authors: Van Anh Thi Nguyen, Karen D. Könings, Albert J. J. A. Scherpbier and Jeroen J. G. van Merriënboer
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:69
  6. Job satisfaction refers to the feeling of contentment one experiences with their job. Job satisfaction among opticians is a crucial variable in determining their motivation and has consequential influence on t...

    Authors: Kwadwo Owusu Akuffo, Akosua Kesewah Asare, Elsie Emelia Yelbert, Emmanuel Kobia-Acquah, Emmanuel Kofi Addo, Eldad Agyei-Manu, Thomas Brusah and Prince Antwi Asenso
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:68
  7. Guinea undertook health workforce reform in 2016 following the Ebola outbreak to overcome decades-long shortages and maldistribution of healthcare workers (HCWs). Specifically, over 5000 HCWs were recruited an...

    Authors: Delphin Kolie, Remco Van De Pas, Alexandre Delamou, Nafissatou Dioubaté, Foromo Timothée Beavogui, Patrice Bouedouno, Abdoul Habib Beavogui, Abdoulaye Kaba, Willem Van De Put and Wim Van Damme
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:67
  8. Increasing evidence suggests that sustainable delivery of interprofessional education (IPE) has the potential to lead to interprofessional collaborative practice (IPCP), which in turn has the potential to lead...

    Authors: Mohammad Azzam, Anton Puvirajah, Marie-Andrée Girard and Ruby E. Grymonpre
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:66
  9. The gender pay gap in the United States (US) has narrowed over the last several decades, with the female/male earnings ratio in the US increased from about 60% before the 1980s to about 79% by 2014. However, t...

    Authors: Zhuo Chen, Yihong Zhang, Huabin Luo, Donglan Zhang, Janani Rajbhandari-Thapa, Yuheng Wang, Ruoxi Wang and Grace Bagwell-Adams
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:65
  10. The COVID-19 pandemic posed a huge challenge to the education systems worldwide, forcing many countries to provisionally close educational institutions and deliver courses fully online. The aim of this study w...

    Authors: Wen Li, Robyn Gillies, Mingyu He, Changhao Wu, Shenjun Liu, Zheng Gong and Hong Sun
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:64
  11. In many countries, migrant physicians (MP) tend to fill staff shortages in medical specialties perceived as low status. The aim of this study was to explore aspects that influence MPs’, with a medical degree f...

    Authors: Linda Sturesson, Per J. Palmgren, Magnus Öhlander, Gunnar H. Nilsson and Terese Stenfors
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:63
  12. Historically, immigration has been a significant population driver in Canada. In October 2020, immigration targets were raised to an unprecedented level to support economic recovery in response to COVID-19. In...

    Authors: Andrea Baumann, Mary Crea-Arsenio, Dana Ross and Jennifer Blythe
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:62
  13. Task shifting and sharing (TS/S) involves the redistribution of health tasks within workforces and communities. Conceptual frameworks lay out the key factors, constructs, and variables involved in a given phen...

    Authors: Aaron M. Orkin, Sampreeth Rao, Jeyasakthi Venugopal, Natasha Kithulegoda, Pete Wegier, Stephen D. Ritchie, David VanderBurgh, Alexandra Martiniuk, Fabio Salamanca-Buentello and Ross Upshur
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:61
  14. In 2014, Nigeria issued the task-shifting/sharing policy for essential health services, which aimed to fill the human resource gap and improve the delivery of health services across the country. This study foc...

    Authors: Babajide Oluseyi Daini, Emeka Okafor, Sikiru Baruwa, Oluwafunmito Adeyanju, Rodio Diallo and Jennifer Anyanti
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:60
  15. Sexual harassment is a ubiquitous problem that prevents women’s integration and retention in the workforce. Its prevalence had been documented in previous health sector studies in Uganda, indicating that it af...

    Authors: Constance Newman, Alice Nayebare, Stella Neema, Allan Agaba and Lilian Perry Akello
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:59
  16. Rapid and effective emergency response to address health security relies on a competent and suitably trained local and international workforce. The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted that the health security wo...

    Authors: Amy Elizabeth Parry, Martyn D. Kirk, David N. Durrheim, Babatunde Olowokure, Samantha M. Colquhoun and Tambri Housen
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:58
  17. Drug-resistant TB (DR-TB) care shifted from centralized to decentralized care in Tanzania in 2015. This study explored whether DR-TB training and mentoring supported healthcare workers’ (HCWs) DR-TB care perfo...

    Authors: Dennis Lyakurwa, Johnson Lyimo, Christiaan Mulder, Puck T. Pelzer, Inge Koppelaar and Marleen Heus
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:56
  18. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), as part of its 2030 National Transformation Program, set a goal of transforming the healthcare sector to increase access to, and improve the quality and efficiency of, health...

    Authors: Samantha Gailey, Tim A. Bruckner, Tracy Kuo Lin, Jenny X. Liu, Mohammed Alluhidan, Taghred Alghaith, Hussah Alghodaier, Nabiha Tashkandi, Christopher H. Herbst, Mariam M. Hamza and Nahar Alazemi
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:55
  19. Well-trained, competent, and motivated human resources for health (HRH) are crucial to delivering quality service provision across the sexual, reproductive, maternal, and newborn health (SRMNH) care continuum ...

    Authors: Melese Girmaye Negero, David Sibbritt and Angela Dawson
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:54
  20. Many challenges exist in providing equitable access to rural healthcare in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). WHO recommends student exposure to rural clinical rotations to promote interest in rural h...

    Authors: Susan Michaels-Strasser, Paul W. Thurman, Narcisse Mwinkeu Kasongo, Daniel Kapenda, John Ngulefac, Beatrice Lukeni, Serge Matumaini, Lauren Parmley, Rebekah Hughes and Faustin Malele
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:53
  21. There is limited information on how the barriers to interprofessional collaboration (IPC) across various professionals, organizations, and care facilities influence the health and welfare of older adults. This...

    Authors: TJ Robinson T. Moncatar, Keiko Nakamura, Kathryn Lizbeth L. Siongco, Kaoruko Seino, Rebecca Carlson, Carmelita C. Canila, Richard S. Javier and Fely Marilyn E. Lorenzo
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:52
  22. There is a growing recognition that underutilization and underemployment of skilled immigrants, especially internationally trained health professionals, creates a financial burden on individuals and economic l...

    Authors: Tanvir C. Turin, Nashit Chowdhury, Mark Ekpekurede, Deidre Lake, Mohammad Ali Ashraf Lasker, Mary O’Brien and Suzanne Goopy
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:51
  23. Digital technologies are rapidly being integrated into a wide range of health fields. This new domain, often termed ‘digital health’, has the potential to significantly improve healthcare outcomes and global h...

    Authors: Brian L. H. Wong, Mark P. Khurana, Robert D. Smith, Omnia El-Omrani, Ave Pold, Amine Lotfi, Charlotte A. O’Leary and Diah S. Saminarsih
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:50
  24. Care coordination is a key strategy used to improve health outcomes and efficiency, yet there are limited examples in dentistry. A large dental accountable care organization piloted care coordination by retrai...

    Authors: Aubri M. Kottek, Kristin S. Hoeft, Joel M. White, Kristen Simmons and Elizabeth A. Mertz
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:48
  25. Very few studies have been concerned with assessing the prevalence of burnout and depressive symptoms, especially during an infectious outbreak on non-frontline health care workers, such as a psychiatrist. In ...

    Authors: Abdulmajeed A. Alkhamees, Hatem Assiri, Hatim Yousef Alharbi, Abdullah Nasser and Mohammad A. Alkhamees
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:46
  26. Poor Maternal and Child Health (MCH) outcomes pose challenges to India’s ability to attain Goal-3 of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The government of India strengthened the existing network of front...

    Authors: Anu Rammohan, Srinivas Goli, Shashi Kala Saroj and C. P. Abdul Jaleel
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:45
  27. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Borwornsom Leerapan, Pard Teekasap, Nipaporn Urwannachotima, Wararat Jaichuen, Kwanpracha Chiangchaisakulthai, Khunjira Udomaksorn, Aronrag Meeyai, Thinakorn Noree and Krisada Sawaengdee
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:44

    The original article was published in Human Resources for Health 2021 19:31

  28. Despite tremendous health workforce efforts which have resulted in increases in the density of physicians, nurses and midwives from 1.07 per 1000 population in 2005 to 2.65 per 1000 population in 2017, Ghana c...

    Authors: James Avoka Asamani, Hamza Ismaila, Anna Plange, Victor Francis Ekey, Abdul-Majeed Ahmed, Margaret Chebere, John Koku Awoonor-Williams and Juliet Nabyonga-Orem
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:43
  29. There has been a considerable increase in the number of traditional and complementary medicine (T&CM) practitioners over the past 20 years and in some jurisdictions are estimated to outnumber general practitio...

    Authors: Jenny Carè, Amie Steel and Jon Wardle
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:42

    The Letter to the Editor Response to this article has been published in Human Resources for Health 2022 20:26

    The Letter to the Editor to this article has been published in Human Resources for Health 2022 20:23

  30. Advanced practitioner services, such as those nurse practitioners and pharmacist prescribers provide, are an opportunity to improve health care delivery. In New Zealand, these practitioners remain underutilise...

    Authors: Tara N. Officer, Jackie Cumming and Karen McBride-Henry
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:41
  31. Gender roles and relations affect both the drivers and experiences of health worker migration, yet policy responses rarely consider these gender dimensions. This lack of explicit attention from source country ...

    Authors: Ivy Lynn Bourgeault, Vivien Runnels, Jelena Atanackovic, Denise Spitzer and Margaret Walton-Roberts
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:40
  32. Investment in human resources for health not only strengthens the health system, but also generates employment and contributes to economic growth. India can gain from enhanced investment in health workforce in...

    Authors: Anup Karan, Himanshu Negandhi, Suhaib Hussain, Tomas Zapata, Dilip Mairembam, Hilde De Graeve, James Buchan and Sanjay Zodpey
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:39
  33. Displaced populations in fragile settings experience health disparities that are seldom attended to. Task-shifting, which involves training non-specialized community health workers (CHW) to deliver basic educa...

    Authors: Hady Naal, Rebecca Mendelsohn, Dayana Brome, Aya Noubani, Dana Nabulsi, Dina Muhieddine and Shadi Saleh
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:37
  34. Nearly one-third of medical school faculty members are age 55 + . As our population ages, the prevalence of family caregiving is increasing, yet we know very little about the caregiving experiences of aging fa...

    Authors: Kimberly A. Skarupski, David L. Roth and Samuel C. Durso
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:36
  35. Previous Australian workforce analyses revealed a small orthotist/prosthetist workforce with a low number of practitioners per 100,000 Australians. In recent years, initiatives were implemented to increase rel...

    Authors: Emily Ridgewell, Leigh Clarke, Sarah Anderson and Michael P. Dillon
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:34
  36. Shortages and inequitable distribution of physicians is an obstacle to move towards Universal Health Coverage, especially in low-income and middle-income countries. In Brazil, expansion of medical school enrol...

    Authors: Alexandre Medeiros Figueiredo, Danette Waller McKinley, Adriano Massuda and George Dantas Azevedo
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:33
  37. A strong health workforce is a key building block of a well-functioning health system. To achieve health systems goals, policymakers need information on what works to improve and sustain health workforce perfo...

    Authors: Serena Sonderegger, Sara Bennett, Veena Sriram, Ummekulsoom Lalani, Shreya Hariyani and Timothy Roberton
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:32
  38. System dynamics (SD) modelling can inform policy decisions under Thailand's Universal Health Coverage. We report on this thinking approach to Thailand's strategic health workforce planning for the next 20 year...

    Authors: Borwornsom Leerapan, Pard Teekasap, Nipaporn Urwannachotima, Wararat Jaichuen, Kwanpracha Chiangchaisakulthai, Khunjira Udomaksorn, Aronrag Meeyai, Thinakorn Noree and Krisada Sawaengdee
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:31

    The Correction to this article has been published in Human Resources for Health 2021 19:44

  39. Communication skills are essential for health professionals to establish a positive relationship with their patients, improving their health and quality of life. In this perspective, communication skills train...

    Authors: Ádala Nayana de Sousa Mata, Kesley Pablo Morais de Azevedo, Liliane Pereira Braga, Gidyenne Christine Bandeira Silva de Medeiros, Victor Hugo de Oliveira Segundo, Isaac Newton Machado Bezerra, Isac Davidson Santiago Fernandes Pimenta, Ismael Martinez Nicolás and Grasiela Piuvezam
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:30
  40. Since the 2008 recession, Ireland has experienced large-scale doctor emigration. This paper seeks to ascertain whether (and how) the COVID-19 pandemic might disrupt or reinforce existing patterns of doctor emi...

    Authors: Niamh Humphries, Jennifer Creese, John-Paul Byrne and John Connell
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:29
  41. Asthma education, a key component of long-term asthma management, is challenging in resource-limited settings with shortages of clinical staff. Task-shifting educational roles to lay (non-clinical) staff is a ...

    Authors: Lovemore Nkhalamba, Sarah Rylance, Adamson S. Muula, Kevin Mortimer and Felix Limbani
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:28
  42. Increasing feminization of medical professions is well-acknowledged. However, this does not always equate to equitable representation of women within medicine, regarding their socio-demographic indicators, reg...

    Authors: Ritika Tiwari, Angelique Wildschut-February, Lungiswa Nkonki, René English, Innocent Karangwa and Usuf Chikte
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2021 19:27