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  1. Mozambique’s community health programme has a disproportionate number of male community health workers (known as Agentes Polivalentes Elementares (APEs)). The Government of Mozambique is aiming to increase the...

    Authors: Rosalind Steege, Miriam Taegtmeyer, Sozinho Ndima, Celso Give, Mohsin Sidat, Clara Ferrão and Sally Theobald
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:37
  2. The complexity of nursing practice increases the risk of nurses suffering from mental health issues, such as substance use disorders, anxiety, burnout, depression, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The...

    Authors: Christine L. Covell, Shamel Rolle Sands, Kenchera Ingraham, Melanie Lavoie-Tremblay, Sheri L. Price, Carol Reichert and Ivy L. Bourgeault
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:36
  3. Community health workers (CHWs) in Afghanistan are a critical care extender for primary health services, including reproductive, maternal, neonatal, and child health (RMNCH) care. However, volunteer CHWs face ...

    Authors: Lara Lorenzetti, Jenae Tharaldson, Subarna Pradhan, Sayed Haroon Rastagar, Shafiqullah Hemat, Sharif A. H. Ahmadzai, Lisa S. Dulli, Amy Weissman and Catherine S. Todd
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:35
  4. Primary health care (PHC), of which preventive medicine (PM) is a subspecialty, will have to cope with a deficiency of staff in the future, which makes the retention of graduates urgent. This study was conduct...

    Authors: Van Anh Thi Nguyen, Karen D. Könings, E. Pamela Wright, Giang Bao Kim, Hoat Ngoc Luu, Albert J. J. A. Scherpbier and Jeroen J. G. van Merriënboer
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:32
  5. Pharmaceutical care has been playing an increasingly critical role in Chinese hospitals. However, evidence about the most recent development of pharmaceutical care in China is limited. This study analyzed the ...

    Authors: Mingshuang Li, Man Cao, Jing Sun, Yu Jiang and Yuanli Liu
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:31
  6. In the face of the medical workforce shortage, several countries have promoted the opening of medical schools and the expansion of undergraduate and specialization education in medicine. Few studies have compa...

    Authors: Mário César Scheffer, Maria Pastor-Valero, Alex Jones Flores Cassenote and Antonio F. Compañ Rosique
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:30
  7. This study compares perspectives on specialized ophthalmic medical institutions, identifies the gaps in property and geographic offerings, and explores the ways that ophthalmic medical institutions can better ...

    Authors: Leilei Zhan, Neha Safaya, Hana Erkou, Lei An, Zhifeng Wang, Jingjing Feng and Xiao Xu
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:29
  8. In-hospital logistic management barriers (LMB) are considered to be important risk factors for delays in TB diagnosis and treatment initiation (TB-dt), which perpetuates TB transmission and the development of ...

    Authors: Miguelhete Lisboa, Inês Fronteira, Paul H. Mason and Maria do Rosário O. Martins
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:28
  9. Family medicine (FM) is a relatively new discipline in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), still struggling to find its place in the African health systems. The aim of this review was to describe the current status of F...

    Authors: Maaike Flinkenflögel, Vincent Sethlare, Vincent Kalumire Cubaka, Mpundu Makasa, Abraham Guyse and Jan De Maeseneer
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:27
  10. In 2013, Kenya fully and rapidly devolved health services to 47 county governments under its new constitution. It soon became evident that the coordination mechanism to manage the health workforce at a county ...

    Authors: Mathew Kariuki Thuku, Janet Muriuki, Ummuro Adano, Linet Oyucho and David Nelson
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:26
  11. Many countries in sub-Saharan Africa have adopted task shifting of surgical responsibilities to non-physician clinicians (NPCs) as a solution to address workforce shortages. There is resistance to delegating s...

    Authors: Jakub Gajewski, Nasser Monzer, Chiara Pittalis, Leon Bijlmakers, Mweene Cheelo, John Kachimba and Ruairi Brugha
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:25
  12. Traditional bonesetters (TBS) provide the majority of primary fracture care in Nigeria and other low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). They are widely patronized and their services are commonly associated ...

    Authors: Ndubuisi Onu Onyemaechi, Ijeoma Uchenna Itanyi, Paulinus Okechukwu Ossai and Echezona Edozie Ezeanolue
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:24
  13. South Africa’s quadruple burden of disease, coupled with health system challenges and other factors, predicts a high burden of disability within the population. Human Resources for Health policy and planning n...

    Authors: Lieketseng Ned, Ritika Tiwari, Helen Buchanan, Lana Van Niekerk, Kate Sherry and Usuf Chikte
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:22
  14. Around the world, there is a significant difference in the proportion of women with access to leadership in healthcare with respect to men. This article studies gender imbalance and wage gap in managerial, exe...

    Authors: Lucero Soledad Rivera-Romano, Cristobal Fresno, Enrique Hernández-Lemus, Mireya Martínez-García and Maite Vallejo
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:21
  15. The mounting pressure on the Australian healthcare system is driving a continual exploration of areas to improve patient care and access and to maximize utilization of our workforce. We hypothesized that there...

    Authors: L. Weinberg, H. Grover, D. Cowie, E. Langley, M. Heland and D. A. Story
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:20
  16. The migration of Caribbean nurses, particularly to developed countries such as Canada, the United States, and the United Kingdom, remains a matter of concern for most countries of the region. With nursing vaca...

    Authors: Shamel Rolle Sands, Kenchera Ingraham and Bukola Oladunni Salami
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:19
  17. Dual practice and multiple job holding are widespread among health workers throughout the world. Although dual practice can help the financially strained public sector retain skilled workers, there are also po...

    Authors: Keovathanak Khim, Laura N. Goldman, Kristin Shaw, Jeffrey F. Markuns and Vonthanak Saphonn
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:18
  18. The need for greater flexibility is often used to justify reforms that redistribute tasks through the workforce. However, “flexibility” is never defined or empirically examined. This study explores the nature ...

    Authors: Sarah Wise, Christine Duffield, Margaret Fry and Michael Roche
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:17
  19. Following periods of health workforce crisis characterised by a severe shortage of nurses, midwives and doctors due to low production rates and excessive out-migration, the Government of Ghana through the Mini...

    Authors: James Avoka Asamani, Ninon P. Amertil, Hamza Ismaila, Francis Abande Akugri and Juliet Nabyonga-Orem
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:16
  20. Competency frameworks are being taken up by a growing number of sectors and for a broad range of applications. However, the topic of competency frameworks is characterised by conceptual ambiguity, misunderstan...

    Authors: Jody-Anne Mills, James W. Middleton, Alison Schafer, Siobhan Fitzpatrick, Stephanie Short and Alarcos Cieza
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:15
  21. Insufficient wheelchair training among rehabilitation professionals has been identified as an important factor that hinders access to appropriate wheelchair services. The aim of this study was to develop a too...

    Authors: Paula W. Rushton, Karen Fung, Mélina Gauthier, Mary Goldberg, Maria Toro, Nicky Seymour and Jon Pearlman
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:14
  22. Laboratories are vital in disease diagnosis, prevention, treatment and outbreak investigations. Although recent decades have seen rapid advancements in modernised equipment and laboratory processes, minimal in...

    Authors: Suzanne N. Kiwanuka, Noel Namuhani, Martha Akulume, Simeon Kalyesubula, William Bazeyo and Angela N. Kisakye
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:13
  23. Achieving improvements in Universal Health Coverage will require a re-orientation of medical education towards a stronger focus on primary health care. Innovative medical curricula have been implemented in som...

    Authors: Neil Squires, Susannah E. Colville, Kalipso Chalkidou and Shah Ebrahim
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:12
  24. Primary health care (PHC) doctors’ numbers are dwindling in high- as well as low-income countries, which is feared to hamper the achievement of Universal Health Coverage goals. As a large proportion of doctors...

    Authors: Giuliano Russo, Alex J. Flores Cassenote, Aline G. Alves Guilloux and Mário César Scheffer
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:11
  25. Healthcare providers’ (HCPs) professionalism refers to their commitment and ability to respond to the health needs of the communities they serve and to act in the best interest of patients. Despite attention t...

    Authors: Mishal S. Khan, Sothavireak Bory, Sonia Rego, Sovanthida Suy, Anna Durrance-Bagale, Zia Sultana, Sophea Chhorn, Socheata Phou, Chanra Prien, Sotheara Heng, Johanna Hanefeld, Rumina Hasan and Vonthanak Saphonn
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:10
  26. Burnout in healthcare providers has impacts at the level of the individual provider, patient, and organization. While there is a substantial body of literature on burnout in healthcare providers, burnout in pe...

    Authors: Laura Buckley, Whitney Berta, Kristin Cleverley, Christina Medeiros and Kimberley Widger
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:9
  27. The ambition of universal health coverage entails estimation of the number, type and distribution of health workers required to meet the population need for health services. The demography of the population, i...

    Authors: Sylvia Szabo, Andrea Nove, Zoë Matthews, Ashish Bajracharya, Ibadat Dhillon, Devendra Raj Singh, Aurora Saares and James Campbell
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:7
  28. The shortage of dentists working in rural hospitals is an important public health problem resulting from dentist distribution inequity. The Ministry of Public Health of Thailand (MoPH) has implemented a policy...

    Authors: Philaiporn Vivatbutsiri, Thanachok Iempook, Sakda Wonghinkong, Sunisa Sopa and Palinee Detsomboonrat
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:5
  29. To decentralize point-of-care early infant diagnosis (POC EID), task shifting to cadres such as nurses is important. However, this should not compromise quality of testing through generating high rates of inte...

    Authors: Francis M. Simmonds, Jennifer E. Cohn, Haurovi W. Mafaune, Tichaona H. Nyamundaya, Agnes Mahomva and Addmore Chadambuka
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:4
  30. A high variety of team interventions aims to improve team performance outcomes. In 2008, we conducted a systematic review to provide an overview of the scientific studies focused on these interventions. Howeve...

    Authors: Martina Buljac-Samardzic, Kirti D. Doekhie and Jeroen D. H. van Wijngaarden
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:2
  31. Resuscitation of patients with time-critical and life-threatening illness represents a cognitive challenge for emergency room (ER) clinicians. We designed a cognitive aid, the Emergency Protocols Handbook, to ...

    Authors: Charlotte Hall, Dean Robertson, Margaret Rolfe, Sharene Pascoe, Megan E. Passey and Sabrina Winona Pit
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2020 18:1
  32. One of the key barriers to health in rural areas is health workforce. Poor understanding and communication about health workforce across all stakeholder groups (including the broad community) is very common an...

    Authors: Alexandra Martiniuk, Richard Colbran, Robyn Ramsden, Dave Karlson, Emer O’Callaghan, Estrella Lowe, Michael Edwards, Sharif Bagnulo, Imogene Rothnie, Laura Hardaker, Bernadette Gotch and Arna Wotherspoon
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2019 17:105
  33. As the role of the physician assistant/associate grows globally, one question is: what is the level of patient satisfaction with PAs? Driven by legislative enactments to improve access to care, the PA has emer...

    Authors: Roderick S. Hooker, Amanda J. Moloney-Johns and Mary M. McFarland
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2019 17:104
  34. Incidents of patient-initiated workplace violence against health care workers have been a subject of substantial public attention in China. Patient-initiated violence not only represents a risk of harm to heal...

    Authors: Ruilie Cai, Ji Tang, Chenhui Deng, Guofan Lv, Xiaohe Xu, Sean Sylvia and Jay Pan
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2019 17:103
  35. Rural communities in Nigeria account for high maternal and newborn mortality rates in the country. Thus, there is a need for innovative models of service delivery, possibly with greater community engagement. I...

    Authors: Ekechi Okereke, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, Godwin Unumeri, Bello Mohammed and Babatunde Ahonsi
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2019 17:102
  36. Marie Stopes Tanzania works with a voluntary cadre of 66 community-based mobilizers (CBMs), who are tasked with raising awareness, generating demand and providing referral to potential clients for family plann...

    Authors: Maryse Kok, Dinu Abdella, Rose Mwangi, Mengi Ntinginya, Ente Rood, Jennifer Gassner, Kathryn Church and Nkemdiri Wheatley
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2019 17:101
  37. Doctor emigration from low- and middle-income countries represents a financial loss and threatens the equitable delivery of healthcare. In response to government imperatives to produce more health professional...

    Authors: Ann George, Duane Blaauw, Jarred Thompson and Lionel Green-Thompson
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2019 17:100
  38. Residents of remote communities in Australia and other geographically large countries have comparatively poorer access to high-quality primary health care. To inform ongoing policy development and practice in ...

    Authors: John Wakerman, John Humphreys, Deborah Russell, Steven Guthridge, Lisa Bourke, Terry Dunbar, Yuejen Zhao, Mark Ramjan, Lorna Murakami-Gold and Michael P. Jones
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2019 17:99
  39. This paper presents the results of a case study that analyses the critical factors that influence the implementation of professional health education via blended learning in Dadaab refugee camp. It explores in...

    Authors: Aude D. Burkardt, Nicerine Krause and Minerva C. Rivas Velarde
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2019 17:98
  40. Medicine is a high-status, high-skill occupation which has traditionally provided access to good quality jobs and relatively high salaries. In Ireland, historic underfunding combined with austerity-related cut...

    Authors: N. Humphries, A. M. McDermott, E. Conway, J-P Byrne, L. Prihodova, R. Costello and A. Matthews
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2019 17:97
  41. A mismatch between the requirement and annual production of obstetricians and gynecologists (OBs-GYNs) was observed in Nepal. On top of that, recruitment and retention of OBs-GYNs is a pressing problem, especi...

    Authors: Bishnu Gautam, Vishnu Prasad Sapkota and Rajendra Raj Wagle
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2019 17:96
  42. Nurse prescribing of medicines is increasing worldwide, but there is limited research in Europe. The objective of this study was to analyse which countries in Europe have adopted laws on nurse prescribing.

    Authors: Claudia B. Maier
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2019 17:95
  43. An important strategy to reduce maternal and child mortality in Mali is to increase the number of deliveries assisted by qualified personnel in primary care facilities, especially in rural areas. However, plac...

    Authors: Cheick Sidya Sidibé, Ousmane Touré, Laurence Codjia, Assa Sidibé Keïta, Jacqueline E. W. Broerse and Marjolein Dieleman
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2019 17:94
  44. Maternity waiting homes (MWHs) are a potential strategy to address low facility delivery rates resulting from access-associated barriers in resource-limited settings. Within a cluster-randomized controlled tri...

    Authors: Jeanette L. Kaiser, Rachel M. Fong, Thandiwe Ngoma, Kathleen Lucile McGlasson, Godfrey Biemba, Davidson H. Hamer, Misheck Bwalya, Maynards Chasaya and Nancy A. Scott
    Citation: Human Resources for Health 2019 17:93